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Bible Commentaries

Matthew Poole's English Annotations
on the Holy Bible
Luke 20



Verse 1


Luke 20:1-8 Christ silences those who questioned his authority.

Luke 20:9-18 The parable of the vineyard let out to wicked husbandmen.

Luke 20:19-26 The chief priests and scribes seek matter against

him: his reply to their insidious question

concerning: paying tribute to Caesar.

Luke 20:27-40 He confuteth the Sadducees concerning the resurrection.

Luke 20:41-44 He propounds a difficulty concerning the character of Christ.

Luke 20:45-47 He warns his disciples against the ambition and

hypocrisy of the scribes.

Ver. 1,2. We have along the history of the gospel observed, that the scribes and Pharisees took all advantages imaginable against our Saviour: failing in all their acts, they now come to question his authority, which seemeth not so much to have respect to his preaching, as to his act in casting of the buyers and sellers out of the temple; for as to preaching, they seem, by the history of Scripture, to have given a great liberty, especially if any had the repute of a prophet.

Verse 2

See Poole on "Luke 20:1"

Verse 3

Ver. 3-8. See Poole on "Matthew 21:24", and following verses to Matthew 21:27. See Poole on "Mark 11:29", and following verses to Mark 11:33. The substance of our Saviour’s answer is this: From whence had John his authority? He preached and baptized; who gave him his authority? They had sent much such another message to John, John 1:19-22. Was John’s authority ordinary or extraordinary? It is plain that he had no authority from them, for then they would not have sent to him to know who he was. He must therefore have it from heaven. Now if they had allowed John’s call extraordinary, why should not they allow Christ’s to be such, to whom John gave so large a testimony, and who confirmed his extraordinary mission by miraculous operations, which we do not read that John ever did? Besides, the Pharisees saw that if they allowed John’s mission to be extraordinary, and from heaven, they had obviously exposed themselves to a check for not believing what he said; they therefore refuse to make any answer, and Christ refuseth also to satisfy them.

Verse 4

See Poole on "Luke 20:3"

Verse 5

See Poole on "Luke 20:3"

Verse 6

See Poole on "Luke 20:3"

Verse 7

See Poole on "Luke 20:3"

Verse 8

See Poole on "Luke 20:3"

Verse 9

Ver. 9-18. We met with this parable at large both in Matthew 21:33-41, and in Mark 12:1-11. Its obvious scope is to let them know, that God in righteous judgment, for the Jews’ abusing the Lord’s prophets, John the Baptist, and himself, who was in a few days to be killed by them, would unchurch and destroy them, and raise up to himself a church amongst the Gentiles; and that this was no more than was prophesied of, Psalms 118:22.

Verse 10

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 11

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 12

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 13

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 14

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 15

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 16

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 17

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 18

See Poole on "Luke 20:9"

Verse 19

Ver. 19,20. There is nothing in these verses, but what we before met with, and is opened in the notes on Matthew 21:45,46, or Mark 12:12,13. They let us see as in a glass the spirit and genius of wicked men filled with malice against the gospel. They are continually seeking to destroy such as have any relation to Christ, and, to effect their ends, they will judge no means unfair; and their great art is to represent them as dangerous persons to the civil government: so as if good men find the same things still, they have this to comfort them, that the disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord.

Verse 20

See Poole on "Luke 20:19"

Verse 21

Ver. 21-26 This piece of history we have likewise met with, both in Matthew 22:16-22, and Mark 12:14-17.

Verse 22

See Poole on "Luke 20:21"

Verse 23

See Poole on "Luke 20:21"

Verse 24

See Poole on "Luke 20:21"

Verse 25

See Poole on "Luke 20:21"

Verse 26

See Poole on "Luke 20:21"

Verse 27

Ver. 27-38. See Poole on "Matthew 22:23", and following verses to Matthew 22:32, See Poole on "Mark 12:18", and following verses to Mark 12:27, where all the passages in this piece of history are fully opened. By

equal unto the angels, in Luke 20:36, we must not understand in all things, but in the thing mentioned:

1. The number of the elect shall be perfect, so there shall be no need of marrying, or giving in marriage, to multiply the number of men.

2. There shall be no more marriages amongst men than amongst angels; all live unto God, Luke 20:38. Though Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob were dead at the speaking of those words, yet they were not so in God’s eye, who was determined to raise them up in the last day, and who with the same eye beholds things past, present, and to come. But see more in the notes before mentioned.

Verse 28

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 29

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 30

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 31

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 32

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 33

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 34

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 35

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 36

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 37

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 38

See Poole on "Luke 20:27"

Verse 39

Ver. 39,40 The scribes were the Jewish doctors of the Pharisees faction, and enemies to the Sadducees; they applaud our Saviour’s answer: thus as the Herodians before, (in the case of the tribute), so the Sadducees here, are put to silence. He will now put the scribes and Pharisees to silence.

Verse 40

See Poole on "Luke 20:39"

Verse 41

Ver. 41-44. The answer had been easy if the scribes and Pharisees, who (Matthew saith) were there also, had owned Christ to be the Son of God. But this they did not own, and so, as Matthew 22:46 tells us,

No man was able to answer him a word, neither durst any man from that day forth ask him any more questions. Thus Christ nonplussed all his adversaries.

Verse 42

See Poole on "Luke 20:41"

Verse 43

See Poole on "Luke 20:42"

Verse 44

See Poole on "Luke 20:43"

Verse 45

Ver. 45-47. We have met with all this before, See Poole on "Luke 11:43". See Poole on "Matthew 23:6". See Poole on "Matthew 23:7". See Poole on "Mark 12:38", and following verses to Mark 12:40.

Verse 46

See Poole on "Luke 20:45"

Verse 47

See Poole on "Luke 20:45"


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Poole, Matthew, "Commentary on Luke 20:4". Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible. 1685.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, November 28th, 2020
the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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