Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
lit., "a leading or bringing into the presence of" (pros, "to," ago, "to lead"), denotes "access," with which is associated the thought of freedom to enter through the assistance or favor of another. It is used three times, (a) Romans 5:2 , of the "access" which we have by faith, through our Lord Jesus Christ, into grace; (b) Ephesians 2:18 , of our "access" in one Spirit through Christ, unto the Father; (c) Ephesians 3:12 , of the same "access," there said to be "in Christ," and which we have "in confidence through our faith in Him." This "access" involves the acceptance which we have in Christ with God, and the privilege of His favor towards us. Some advocate the meaning "introduction."
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Access'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/a/access.html. 1940.