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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Despair

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1: ἐξαπορέω

(Strong's #1820 — Verb — exaporeo — ex-ap-or-eh'-om-ahee )

is used in the NT in the Passive Voice, with Middle sense, "to be utterly without a way" (ek, "out of," intensive, a, negative, poros, "a way through;" cp. poreuo, "to go through;" (Eng., "ferry" is connected); "to be quite at a loss, without resource, in despair." It is used in 2 Corinthians 1:8 , with reference to life; in 2 Corinthians 4:8 , in the sentence "perplexed, yet not unto (AV, "in') despair," the word "perplexed" translates the verb aporeo, and the phrase "unto despair" translates the intensive form exaporeo, a play on the words. In the Sept., Psalm 88:15 , where the translation is "having been lifted up, I was brought low and into despair."

2: ἀπελπίζω

(Strong's #560 — Verb — apelpizo — ap-el-pid'-zo )

lit., "to hope away" (apo, "away from," elpizo, "to hope"), i.e., "to give up in despair, to despair," is used in Luke 6:35 , RV, "nothing despairing," i.e., without anxiety as to the result, or not "despairing" of the recompense from God; this is probably the true meaning; AV, "hoping for nothing again." The marg., "of no man," is to be rejected.

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Despair'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/d/despair.html. 1940.

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