Click here to get started today!
Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
originally, "earnest-money" deposited by the purchaser and forfeited if the purchase was not completed, was probably a Phoenician word, introduced into Greece. In general usage it came to denote "a pledge" or "earnest" of any sort; in the NT it is used only of that which is assured by God to believers; it is said of the Holy Spirit as the Divine "pledge" of all their future blessedness, 2 Corinthians 1:22; 5:5; in Ephesians 1:14 , particularly of their eternal inheritance. In the Sept., Genesis 38:17,18,20 . In modern Greek arrabona is an "engagement ring."
These files are public domain.
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Earnest'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/e/earnest.html. 1940.