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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Food

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1: τροφή

(Strong's #5160 — Noun Feminine — trophe — trof-ay' )

denotes "nourishment, food" (akin to trepho, "to rear, nourish, feed"); it is used literally, in the Gospels, Acts and James 2:15; metaphorically, in Hebrews 5:12,14 , RV, "(solid) food," AV, "(strong) meat," i.e., deeper subjects of the faith than that of elementary instruction. The word is always rendered "food" in the RV, where the AV has "meat;" e.g., Matthew 3:4; 6:25; 10:10; 24:45; Luke 12:23; John 4:8; Acts 2:46 , "did take their food," RV (AV, "did eat their meat"); Acts 9:19 , "took food;" Acts 27:33,34,36 . The AV also has "food" in Acts 14:17; James 2:15 .

2: διατροφή

(Strong's #1305 — Noun Feminine — diatrophe — dee-at-rof-ay' )

"sustenance, food," a strengthened form of No. 1 (dia, "through," suggesting a sufficient supply), is used in 1 Timothy 6:8 .

3: βρῶσις

(Strong's #1035 — Noun Feminine — brosis — bro'-sis )

"eating, the act of eating" (akin to bibrosko, "to eat") is translated "food" in 2 Corinthians 9:10 . See EATING , MEAT , RUST.

4: σιτομέτριον

(Strong's #4620 — Noun Neuter — sitometrion — sit-om'-et-ron )

a measured "portion of food" (sitos, "corn," metreo, "to measure"), is used in Luke 12:42 , RV.

5: βρῶμα

(Strong's #1033 — Noun Neuter — broma — bro'-mah )

akin to No. 3, frequently translated "meat," and always so in the AV except in Matthew 14:15 , "victuals," is rendered "food" in the RV in Matthew 14:15; Luke 3:11; 9:13 . Note: For asitia, "without food," see ABSTINENCE.

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Food'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/f/food.html. 1940.

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