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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
whence Eng., "iris," the flower, describes the "rainbow" seen in the heavenly vision, "round about the throne, like an emerald to look upon," Revelation 4:3 , emblematic of the fact that, in the exercise of God's absolute sovereignty and perfect counsels, He will remember His covenant concerning the earth (Genesis 9:9-17 ); in Revelation 10:1 , "the rainbow," RV, the definite article suggests a connection with the scene in Revelation 4:3; here it rests upon the head of an angel who declares that "there shall be delay no longer" (ver. 6, RV marg., the actual meaning); the mercy to be shown to the earth must be preceded by the execution of Divine judgments upon the nations who defy God and His Christ. Cp. Ezekiel 1:28 .
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Rainbow'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/r/rainbow.html. 1940.