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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
akin to skorpizo, "to scatter" (which see), is a small animal (the largest of the several species is 6 in. long) like a lobster, but with a long tail, at the end of which is its venomous sting; the pain, the position of the sting, and the effect are mentioned in Revelation 9:3,5,10 . The Lord's rhetorical question as to the provision of a "scorpion" instead of an egg, Luke 11:12 , is firstly, an allusion to the egg-like shape of the creature when at rest; secondly, an indication of the abhorrence with which it is regarded. In Luke 10:19 , the Lord's assurance to the disciples of the authority given them by Him to tread upon serpents and scorpions conveys the thought of victory over spiritually antagonistic forces, the powers of darkness, as is shown by His reference to the "power of the enemy" and by the context in vv. 17,20.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Scorpion'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/scorpion.html. 1940.