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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Speak

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1: λέγω
(Strong's #3004 — Verb — lego — leg'-o )

"to say, speak:" see SAY , No. 1.

2: λαλέω
(Strong's #2980 — Verb — laleo — lal-eh'-o )

for which see SAY , No. 2, is used several times in 1 Corinthians 14; the command prohibiting women from speaking in a church gathering, 1 Corinthians 14:34,35 , is regarded by some as an injunction against chattering, a meaning which is absent from the use of the verb everywhere else in the NT; it is to be understood in the same sense as in 1 Corinthians 14:2,3-6,9,11,13,18,19,21,23,27-29,39 .

3: προσλαλέω
(Strong's #4354 — Verb — proslaleo — pros-lal-eh'-o )

"to speak to or with" (pros, "to," and No. 2), is used in Acts 13:43; 28:20 .

4: φθέγγομαι
(Strong's #5350 — Verb — phthengomai — ftheng'-gom-ahee )

"to utter a sound or voice," is translated "to speak" in Acts 4:18 : 2 Peter 2:16; in 2 Peter 2:18 , AV, "speak" (RV, "utter").

5: ἀποφθέγγομαι
(Strong's #669 — Verb — apophthengomai — ap-of-theng'-om-ahee )

"to speak forth" (apo, "forth," and No. 4), is so rendered in Acts 2:14 , RV (AV, "said"), and Acts 26:25; in Acts 2:2 it denotes to give utterance.

6: ἀντιλέγω
(Strong's #483 — Verb — antilego — an-til'-eg-o )

"to speak against," is so rendered in Luke 2:34; John 19:12; Acts 13:45 , AV (RV, "contradicted"); 28:19,22. See CONTRADICT , GAINSAY.

7: καταλαλέω
(Strong's #2635 — Verb — katalaleo — kat-al-al-eh'-o )

synonymous with No. 6 (kata, "against," and No. 2), is always translated "to speak against" in the RV. See BACKBITER , Note.

8: κακολογέω
(Strong's #2551 — Verb — kakologeo — kak-ol-og-eh'-o )

"to speak evil:" see CURSE , B, No. 4.

9: συλλαλέω
(Strong's #4814 — Verb — sullaleo — sool-lal-eh'-o )

"to speak together" (sun, "with," and No. 2), is rendered "spake together" in Luke 4:36 , RV. See COMMUNE , No. 3, CONFER, No. 2, TALK.

10: προλέγω
(Strong's #4302 — Verb — proeipon — prol-eg'-o )

"to speak or say before" (a 2nd aorist tense from an absolete present), is rendered "to speak before" in Acts 1:16; 2 Peter 3:2; Jude 1:17 . See FORETELL.

11: προφθάνω
(Strong's #4399 — Verb — prophthano — prof-than'-o )

"to anticipate" (an extension, by pro, "before," of phthano, which has the same meaning), is rendered "spake first" in Matthew 17:25 , RV (AV, "prevented").

12: προσφωνέω
(Strong's #4377 — Verb — prosphoneo — pros-fo-neh'-o )

"to address, call to," is rendered "spake unto" (or "to") in Luke 23:20; Acts 21:40; 22:2; "to call unto" (or "to") in Matthew 11:16; Luke 6:13; 7:32; 13:12 .

13: λέγω
(Strong's #3004 — Verb — eiro — leg'-o )

for which see SAY , No. 4, has a 1st aorist, Passive participle rhethen, "spoken" or "spoken of," used in Matthew 1:22; 2:15,17,23; 3:3; 4:14; 8:17; 13:35; 21:4; 22:31; 24:15; 27:9 (in some texts in Matthew 27:35; Mark 13:14 ).

Notes: (1) In Hebrews 12:5 , AV, dialegomai, "to discuss, to reason," is translated "speaketh" (RV, "reasoneth"). (2) In Hebrews 12:25 , AV chrematizo, "to warn, instruct," is translated "spake" (RV, "warned"): see ADMONISH. (3) In Ephesians 4:31 , AV, blasphemia is translated "evil speaking:" see RAILING. (4) In Hebrews 12:19 , prostithemi, "to put to, add," used with logos, "a word," is rendered "(that no word) more should be spoken," RV [AV, "(that) the word should (not) be spoken (to them) any more"]. (5) In Acts 26:24 , AV, apologeomai, "to make a defense" (RV), is rendered "spake for himself." See ANSWER , B, No. 4. (6) In Romans 15:21 , AV, anangello, "to bring back word" (RV, "tidings ... came"), is translated "he was ... spoken of." (7) For "is spoken of" in Romans 1:8 , AV, see PROCLAIM , No. 2. (8) For "spake out" in Luke 1:42 , AV, see VOICE , Note. (9) In Galatians 4:15 , there is no verb in the original for the AV, "ye spake of" (see RV). (10) For "spoken against" in Acts 19:36 see GAINSAY , C. (11) For "speak reproachfully," 1 Timothy 5:14 , see REVILE , C. (12) In Acts 21:3 , AV, ginosko is translated "speak," RV, "know."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Speak'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/speak.html. 1940.

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