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Substance

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

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1: οὐσία

(Strong's #3776 — Noun Feminine — ouisia — oo-see'-ah )

derived from a present participial form of eimi, "to be," denotes "substance, property," Luke 15:12,13 , RV, "substance," AV, "goods" and "substance."

2: ὑπάρχοντα

(Strong's #5224 — Verb — huparchonta — hoop-ar'-khon-tah )

the neuter plural of the present participle of huparcho, "to be in existence," is used as a noun with the article, signifying one's "goods," and translated "substance" in Luke 8:3 . See GOODS , POSSESS , A, No. 3.

3: ὕπαρξις

(Strong's #5223 — Noun Feminine — huparxis — hoop'-arx-is )

existence (akin to No. 2), possession: see POSSESS , B, No. 4.

4: ὑπόστασις

(Strong's #5287 — Noun Feminine — hupostasis — hoop-os'-tas-is )

for which see CONFIDENCE , A No. 2, is translated "substance" (a) in Hebrews 1:3 , of Christ as "the very image" of God's "substance;" here the word has the meaning of the real nature of that to which reference is made in contrast to the outward manifestation (see the preceding clause); it speaks of the Divine essence of God existent and expressed in the revelation of His Son. The AV, "person" is an anachronism; the word was not so rendered till the 4th cent. Most of the earlier Eng. versions have "substance;" (b) in Hebrews 11:1 it has the meaning of "confidence, assurance" (RV), marg., "the giving substance to," AV, "substance," something that could not equally be expressed by elpis, "hope."

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Substance'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/​dictionaries/​eng/​ved/​s/substance.html. 1940.
 
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