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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words


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1: πειρασμός

(Strong's #3986 — Noun Masculine — peirasmos — pi-ras-mos' )

akin to A, above, is used of (1) "trials" with a beneficial purpose and effect, (a) of "trials" or "temptations," Divinely permitted or sent, Luke 22:28; Acts 20:19; James 1:2; 1 Peter 1:6; 4:12 , RV, "to prove," AV, "to try;" 2 Peter 2:9 (singular); Revelation 3:10 , RV, "trial" (AV, "temptation"); in James 1:12 , "temptation" apparently has meanings (1) and (2) combined (see below), and is used in the widest sense; (b) with a good or neutral significance, Galatians 4:14 , of Paul's physical infirmity, "a temptation" to the Galatian converts, of such a kind as to arouse feelings of natural repugnance; (c) of "trials" of a varied character, Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4 , where believers are commanded to pray not to be led into such by forces beyond their own control; Matthew 26:41; Mark 14:38; Luke 22:40,46 , where they are commanded to watch and pray against entering into "temptations" by their own carelessness or disobedience; in all such cases God provides "the way of escape," 1 Corinthians 10:13 (where peirasmos occurs twice). (2) Of "trial" definitely designed to lead to wrong doing, "temptation," Luke 4:13; 8:13; 1 Timothy 6:9; (3) of "trying" or challenging God, by men, Hebrews 3:8 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Temptation'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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