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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words
primarily "a pointed stake," hence, "a palisade or rampart," is rendered "trench" in Luke 19:43 , AV (RV, "bank," marg., "palisade"). In A.D. 70, Titus, the Roman general, surrounded Jerusalem with a palisaded mound (Tyndale, l.c., renders it "mound"). The Jews in one of their sorties destroyed this charax, after which Titus surrounded the city with a wall of masonry.
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Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Trench'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/t/trench.html. 1940.