Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Weep, Weeping

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A — 1: κλαίω

(Strong's #2799 — Verb — klaio — klah'-yo )

is used of "any loud expression of grief," especially in mourning for the dead, Matthew 2:18; Mark 5:38,39; 16:10; Luke 7:13; 8:52 (twice); John 11:31,33 (twice); 20:11 (twice),13,15; Acts 9:39; otherwise, e.g., in exhortations, Luke 23:28; Romans 12:15; James 4:9; 5:1; negatively, "weep not," Luke 7:13; 8:52; 23:28; Revelation 5:5 (cp. Acts 21:13 ); in Revelation 18:9 , RV, "shall weep" (AV, "bewail") See BEWAIL.

A — 2: δακρύω

(Strong's #1145 — Verb — dakruo — dak-roo'-o )

"to shed tears" (dakruon, "a tear"), is used only of the Lord Jesus, John 11:35 .

Note: Other synonymous verbs are threneo, "to mourn," of formal lamentation: see BEWAIL , Note (1); alalazo, "to wail;" stenazo, "to groan" (oduromai, "to lament audibly," is not used in NT; see the noun odurmos, "mourning").

B — 1: κλαυθμός

(Strong's #2805 — Noun Masculine — klauthmos — klowth-mos' )

akin to A, No. 1, denotes "weeping, crying," Matthew 2:18; 8:12; 13:42,50 , RV (AV, "wailing"); 22:13; 24:51; 25:30; Luke 13:28; Acts 20:37 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Weep, Weeping'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/w/weep-weeping.html. 1940.

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