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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Wine

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1: οἶνος

(Strong's #3631 — Noun Masculine — oinos — oy'-nos )

is the general word for "wine." The mention of the bursting of the wineskins, Matthew 9:17; Mark 2:22; Luke 5:37 , implies fermentation. See also Ephesians 5:18 (cp. John 2:10; 1 Timothy 3:8; Titus 2:3 ). In Matthew 27:34 , the RV has "wine" (AV, "vinegar," translating the inferior reading oxos).

The drinking of "wine" could be a stumbling block and the Apostle enjoins abstinence in this respect, as in others, so as to avoid giving an occasion of stumbling to a brother, Romans 14:21 . Contrast 1 Timothy 5:23 , which has an entirely different connection. The word is used metaphorically (a) of the evils ministered to the nations by religious Babylon, Revelation 14:8; 17:2; 18:3; (b) of the contents of the cup of Divine wrath upon the nations and Babylon, Revelation 14:10; 16:19; 19:15 .

2: γλεῦκος

(Strong's #1098 — Noun Neuter — gleukos — glyoo'-kos )

denotes sweet "new wine," or must, Acts 2:13 , where the accusation shows that it was intoxicant and must have been undergoing fermentation some time. In the Sept., Job 32:19 .

Note: In instituting the Lord's Supper He speaks of the contents of the cup as the "fruit of the vine." So Mark 14:25 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Wine'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/w/wine.html. 1940.

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