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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Divorce, Divorcement

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A — 1: ἀπολύω
(Strong's #630 — Verb — apoluo — ap-ol-oo'-o )

"to let loose from, let go free" (apo, "from," luo, "to loose"), is translated "is divorced" in the AV of Matthew 5:32 (RV, "is put away"); it is further used of "divorce" in Matthew 1:19 ; 19:3,7-9 ; Mark 10:2,4,11 ; Luke 16:18 . The Lord also used it of the case of a wife putting away her husband, Mark 10:12 , a usage among Greeks and Romans, not among Jews. See DISMISS.

B — 1: ἀποστάσιον
(Strong's #647 — Noun Neuter — apostasion — ap-os-tas'-ee-on )

primarily, "a defection," lit., "a standing off" (apo, "from," stasis, "a standing;" cp. aphistemi, "to cause to withdraw"), denotes, in the NT, "a writing or bill of divorcement," Matthew 5:31 ; 19:7 ; Mark 10:4 . In Sept., Deuteronomy 24:3 ; Isaiah 50:1 ; Jeremiah 3:8 .

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Divorce, Divorcement'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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