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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Face

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1: πρόσωπον
(Strong's #4383 — Noun Neuter — prosopon — pros'-o-pon )

denotes "the countenance," lit., "the part towards the eyes" (from pros, "towards," ops, "the eye"), and is used (a) of the "face," Matthew 6:16,17 ; 2 Corinthians 3:7,2 nd part (AV, "countenance"); in 2 Corinthians 10:7 , in the RV, "things that are before your face" (AV, "outward appearance"), the phrase is figurative of superficial judgment; (b) of the look, i.e., the "face," which by its various movements affords an index of inward thoughts and feelings, e.g., Luke 9:51,53 ; 1 Peter 3:12 ; (c) the presence of a person, the "face" being the noblest part, e.g., Acts 3:13 , RV, "before the face of," AV, "in the presence of;" Acts 5:41 , "presence;" 2 Corinthians 2:10 , "person;" 1 Thessalonians 2:17 (first part), "presence;" 2 Thessalonians 1:9 , RV, "face," AV, "presence;" Revelation 12:14 , "face;" (d) the person himself, e.g., Galatians 1:22 ; 1 Thessalonians 2:17 (second part); (e) the appearance one presents by his wealth or poverty, his position or state, Matthew 22:16 ; Mark 12:14 ; Galatians 2:6 ; Jude 1:16 ; (f) the outward appearance of inanimate things, Matthew 16:3 ; Luke 12:56 ; 21:35 ; Acts 17:26 .

To spit in a person's face was an expression of the utmost scorn and aversion, e.g., Matthew 26:67 (cp. Matthew 27:30 ; Mark 10:34 ; Luke 18:32 ). See APPEARANCE.

2: ὄψις
(Strong's #3799 — Noun Feminine — opsis — op'-sis )

is primarily "the act of seeing;" then, (a) "the face;" of the body of Lazarus, John 11:44 ; of the "countenance" of Christ in a vision, Revelation 1:16 ; (b) the "outward appearance" of a person or thing, John 7:24 . See APPEARANCE.

Note: The phrase "face to face" translates two phrases in Greek: (1) kata prosopon (kata, "over against," and No. 1), Acts 25:16 ; (2) stoma pros stoma, lit., "mouth to mouth" (stoma, "a mouth"), 2 John 1:12 ; 3 John 1:14 . See MOUTH. (3) For antophthalmeo, Acts 27:15 , RV, has "to face."


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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Face'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/ved/f/face.html. 1940.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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