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Bible Encyclopedias

International Standard Bible Encyclopedia

Exercise

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ek´sẽr -sı̄z ( עשׂה , ‛āsāh ; γυμνάζω , gumnázō , ποιέω , poiéō ) : "Exercise" (meaning originally, "to drive or thrust out") has different shades of meaning: It means (1) "to do," "to put into action" (Jeremiah 9:24 , ‛āsāh , "to do," "Yahweh who exerciseth lovingkindness"; Revelation 13:12 , poieō , "to do," "He exerciseth all the authority of the first"; Tobit 12:9, the Revised Version (British and American) "do"); (2) with violence implied, gāzal , "to take away violently," "have exercised robbery" (Ezekiel 22:29 ); "to act habitually" (Psalm 131:1 , hālakh , "to walk," "Neither do I exercise myself in great matters" the Revised Version, margin "walk"; Acts 24:16 , askéō , "to work up"; compare 2 Esdras 15:8; Ecclesiasticus 50:28); (3) "to train" or "discipline," gumnazō , "to use exercise," "to train up" (1 Timothy 4:7 , "Exercise thyself unto godliness"; Hebrews 5:14; Hebrews 12:11; 2 Peter 2:14; compare 1 Macc 6:30; 2 Macc 15:12); (4) "to afflict" (Ecclesiastes 1:13; Ecclesiastes 3:10 , ‛ānāh , "to be afflicted," "exercised therewith," "exercised in it"); in Matthew 20:25; Mark 10:42 , katakurieúō , "to lord it over," and katexousiázō , "to exercise authority," are translated respectively "exercise dominion" and "exercise authority," the English Revised Version "lord it over" and "exercise authority"; in Luke 22:25 , the Greek words are kurieúō , "to be lord over" and exousiázō , "to have power or authority over," the Revised Version (British and American) "have lordship," "have authority." In 1 Timothy 4:8 the noun, gumnası́a , meaning gymnastic exercise, occurs (sōmatikḗ gumnası́a ), translated "bodily exercise," contrasted with "exercise unto godliness," the Revised Version (British and American) "For bodily exercise is profitable for a little (m "for little"); but godliness is profitable for all things," a saying to which the youth of all times would do well to give heed. In 2 Macc 4:9, Jason is said to have set up "a place of exercise" (gumnásion ) in Jerusalem. In 1 Peter 5:2 the Revised Version (British and American), "exercising the oversight" is substituted for "taking the oversight."

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Bibliography Information
Orr, James, M.A., D.D. General Editor. Entry for 'Exercise'. International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/isb/e/exercise.html. 1915.

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