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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
is the solid part of a pier or wall, etc., against which an arch abuts, or from which it immediately springs, acting as support to the thrust or lateral pressure. The abutments of a bridge are the walls adjoining to the land which support the ends of the roadway or the arches the extremities; also the basement projecting, to resist the force of the stream and on which the piers rest.
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Abutment'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/a/abutment.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.