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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature


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(Hebrews Ba'al Chermon', חֶרמוֹן בִּעִל, lord of Hermon), the name of a city and a hill adjoining.

1. (Sept. makes two names, Βαὰλ Ε᾿ρμών .) A to- n not far from Mount Hermon, mentioned as inhabited by the Ephraimites in connection with Bashan and Senir (1 Chronicles 5:23). It was probably the same with the BAAL-GAD (See BAAL-GAD) (q.v.) of Joshua 11:17 (Robinson, Researches, new ed. 3, 409).

2. (Sept. translates ὄρος τοῦ Ἀερμών , Mount Hermon.) A mountain (הִר ) east of Lebanon, from which the Israelites were unable to expel the Hivites (Judges 3:3). This is usually considered as a distinct place from Mount Hermon; but the only apparent ground for doing so is the statement in 1 Chronicles 5:23, "unto Baal-hermon, and Senir, and [unto] Mount Hermon;" but it is quite possible that the conjunction "and" may be here, as elsewhere, used as an expletive "unto Baal-hermon, even Senir, even Mount Hermen." Perhaps this derives some color from the fact, which we know, that this mountain had at least three names (Deuteronomy 3:9). May not Baal-hermon have been a fourth, in use among the Phoenician worshippers of Baal, one of whose sanctuaries, Baal-gad, was at the foot of this very mountain? (See BAALIM).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Baal-Hermon'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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