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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(מִטְאֲטֵ ‹, matate, a sweeper), occurs only in the phrase "besom of destruction," i.e. desolating broom, with which Babylonia is threatened (Isaiah 14:23); a metaphor frequent still in the East for utter ruin (Roberts, Orient. Illustr. in loc.).
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Besom'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/b/besom.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.