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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(Heb. Chanun', חָנוּן , favored), the name of three men.
1. (Sept. Ἀννών and Ἀνάν ) The son and successor of Nahash, king of the Ammonites (2 Samuel 10:14; 1 Chronicles 19:2-6). David, who had in his troubles been befriended by Nahash, sent, with the kindest intentions, an embassy to condole with Hanun on the death of his father, and to congratulate him on his own accession. B.C. cir. 1035. The rash young king, however, was led to misapprehend the motives of this embassy, and to treat with gross and inexpiable indignity the honorable personages whom David had charged with this mission. Their beards were half shaven, and their robes cut short by the middle, and they were dismissed in this shameful trim, which can be appreciated only ‘ by those who consider how reverently the beard has al-ways been regarded by the Orientals. (See BEARD). When the news of this affront was brought to David, he sent word to the ambassadors to remain at Jericho till the growth of their beards enabled them to appear with decency in the metropolis. He vowed vengeance upon Hanun for the insult; and the vehemence with which the matter was taken up forms an instance, interesting from its antiquity, of the respect expected to be paid to the person and character of ambassadors. Hanun himself looked for nothing less than war as the consequence of his conduct; and he subsidized Hadarezer and other Syrian princes to assist him with their armies. The power of the Syrians was broken in two campaigns, and the Ammonites were left to their fate, which was severe even beyond the usual severities of war in that remote age. B.C. cir. 1034. (See AMMONITE); (See DAVID).
2. (Sept. Ἀνούν .) A person who repaired (in connection with the inhabitants of Zanoah) the Valley gate of Jerusalem after the Captivity (Nehemiah 3:13). B.C. 446.
3. (Sept. Ἀνώμ .) A son ("the sixth") of Zalaph, who likewise repaired part of the walls of Jerusalem (Nehemiah 3:30). B.C. 446.
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Hanun'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/h/hanun.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.