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Bible Encyclopedias

Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature

Mattan

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(Heb. Mattan', מִתָּן, a gift, as in Genesis 34:12, etc.), the name of two men in the Old Testament and one in the New. (See MITHNITE).

1. (Sept. Μαθάν, Ματθάν v. r. Μαγθάν and Μαχάν .) The priest of Baal slain before his idolatrous altar during the reformation instituted by Jehoiada (2 Kings 11:18; 2 Chronicles 23:17). B.C. 876. "He probably accompanied Athaliah from Samaria, and would thus be the first priest of the Baal-worship which Jehoram, king of Judah, following the steps of his father-in-law Ahab, established at Jerusalem (2 Chronicles 21:6; 2 Chronicles 21:13). Josephus (Ant. 9:7, 3) calls him Μααθάν " (Smith).

2. (Sept. Ναθάν v. r. Μαθάν .) The father of the Shephatiah who was one of the nobles that charged Jeremiah with treason (Jeremiah 38:1). B.C. ante 589.

3. (Ματθάν, Auth.Vers. "Matthan".) The son of Eleazar and father of Jacob, which last was father of Joseph, the husband of the Virgin Mary (Matthew 1:15). According to tradition he was a priest (which disagrees with his tribal descent), and father of Anna, the mother of the same Mary (Niceph. Hist. Ev. 2:3). B.C. considerably ante 40. (See GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST).

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Bibliography Information
McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Mattan'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/m/mattan.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.

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