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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
among the mystic divines, is a total suspension or ligature of the intellectual faculties, in virtue whereof the soul remains of itself, and, as to its own power, impotent with regard to the producing of any effects. The passive state, according to Fenelon, is only passive in the same sense as contemplation; i.e. it does not exclude peaceable, disinterested acts, but only unquiet ones, or such as tend to our own interest. In the passive state the soul has not: properly any activity, any. sensation of its own. It is a mere flexibility of the soul, to which the feeblest impulse of grace gives motion. (See MYSTICISM).
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Passive Prayer'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/p/passive-prayer.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.