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Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature
(Heb. Zebul', זְבל , habitation; Sept. Ζεβούλ; Josephus, Ζέβουλος ), the chief man (שִׂר, A. V. "ruler") of the city of Shechem at the time of the contest between Abimelech and the native Canaanites (Judges 9:28; Judges 9:30; Judges 9:36; Judges 9:38; Judges 9:41). B.C. 1319. He governed the town as the "officer" (פָּקַיד; Sept. ἐπίσκοπος; Josephus, ζένος Ant. 5, 7, 4]) of Abimelech while the latter was absent; and he took part against the Canaanites by shutting them out of the city when-Abimelech was encamped outside it. His conversation with Gaal, the Canaanitish leader, as they stood in the gate of Shechem watching the approach of the armed bands, gives Zebul a certain individuality among the many characters of that time of confusion. (See ABIMELECH).
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McClintock, John. Strong, James. Entry for 'Zebul'. Cyclopedia of Biblical, Theological and Ecclesiastical Literature. https://www.studylight.org/encyclopedias/eng/tce/z/zebul.html. Harper & Brothers. New York. 1870.