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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #1343 - δικαιοσύνη
- in a broad sense: state of him who is as he ought to be, righteousness, the condition acceptable to God
- the doctrine concerning the way in which man may attain a state approved of God
- integrity, virtue, purity of life, rightness, correctness of thinking feeling, and acting
- in a narrower sense, justice or the virtue which gives each his due
1. righteousness, justice, Thgn. 147, Hdt. 1.96, al., Pl. R. 433a, LXX Genesis 15:6, etc.; δ. δικαστική legal justice, Arist. Pol. 1291a27; opp. ἐπιείκεια, Id. EN 1137a32.
2. fulfilment of the Law, LXX Isaiah 26:2, al.,.Matthew 3:15, al.
II justice, the business of a judge, Pl. Grg. 464b, 464c (v.l. δικαστική), Clit. 408b.
III Δ., personified, AP 9.164; Ἶσις Δ. SIG 1131 (Delos), IG 3.203. Pythag. name for four, Theol.Ar. 23. δικαιοσύνη· ἡ χοῖνιξ, μυστικῶς, Hsch.
δικαιοσύνη , -ης , ἡ
(< δίκαιος ),
the character of ὁ δίκαιος (q.v.);
1. in broad sense, righteousness, conformity to the Divine will in purpose, thought and action: Matthew 5:6, John 16:8, Acts 13:10, Romans 4:3; λόγος δικαιοσύνης , teaching of r., Hebrews 5:13; βασιλεὺς δ . (cf. FlJ, BJ, vi, 10, β . δίκαιος ), Hebrews 7:2; ὅπλα δ ., Romans 6:13; ὁδὸς δ ., Matthew 21:32; θώραξ τῆς δ ., Ephesians 6:14; διὰκονοι δ ., 2 Corinthians 11:15; ὁσιότης καὶ δ ., Luke 1:75, cf. Ephesians 4:24; ἀγαθωσύνῃ καὶ δ ., Ephesians 5:9; δ . κ . εἰρήνη κ . χαρά , Romans 14:17; δ . κ . ἁγιασμός , 1 Corinthians 1:30; opp. to ἁμαρτία , Romans 8:10; ἀνομία , 2 Corinthians 6:14; άδικία , Romans 3:5; ποιεῖν τὴν δ ., 1 John 2:29; 1 John 3:7; id. as an inclusive term for the active duties of the religious life (ICC, in l; Abbott, Essays, 73 ff), Matthew 6:1; ἐργάζεσθαι δ ., Acts 10:35; διώκειν δ ., 1 Timothy 6:11; πληροῦν πᾶσαν δ ., Matthew 3:15; ζῆν τῇ δ ., 1 Peter 2:24; δ . θεοῦ , a righteousness divine in its character and origin, Matthew 6:33, James 1:20, (where it also includes the idea of God's personal r.; v. ICC, on Romans 1:17) Romans 1:17; Romans 3:5; Romans 3:21-26; Romans 10:3, 2 Corinthians 5:21, Philippians 3:9; ἡ δ . τ . πίσιεως , Romans 4:11; ἡ ἐκ Papyri δ ., Romans 9:30; ἡ κατὰ Papyri δ ., Hebrews 11:7; opp. to this is ἡ ἐκ νόμου δ ., Romans 10:5; ἡ δ . ἐν ν ., Philippians 3:6; ἡ ἰδία δ ., Romans 10:3, cf. Philippians 3:9.
2. In narrower sense (cf. δίκαιος ), justice: Acts 17:31, 2 Peter 1:1, Revelation 19:11 (DCG, ii, 529 ff.; Cremer, 190, 690).
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
So far as we have noticed, this word is rare in the papyri, though it occurs very frequently in the inscriptions. From the papyri we can quote P Rein 10.9 (B.C. 111), where it is used as a name or title of Cleopatra : cf. Syll 763 Ἲσιδι Δικαιοσύνηι with the editor’s note, BGU IV. 1138.4 (B.C. 19), in a cancelled line, ἐπὶ τὸ (ν) τῆς δικ ̣α ̣ι ̣ο ̣σ ̣υ ̣νη (ς) σ ̣ο ̣υ ̣ [χ ]ρηματισ (μόν), in a petition to an epistrategus. P Leid Wxvii. 89 (ii/iii A.D.) is addressed to a deity οὗ ἡ δικ (αι)οσύνη οὐκ ἀποκινῖται, οὗ αἱ μοῦσαι ὑμνοῦσι τὸ ἔνδοξον (ὄνομα). In the magic P Lond 46.403 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 78) it is found in a hymn addressed to Hermes. In P Thead 23.9 (A.D. 342) a man petitions Flavius Abinnaeus with reference to his neighbour who has attacked his sheep ληστρικῷ τρόπ [ῳ ] . . . παρὰ τὴν [δικα ]ι ̣ο ̣σύνην, ";after the manner of a brigand, contrary to justice."; From the inscrr. it is sufficient to add OGIS 339.43 (c. B.C. 120) διὰ τὴν τῶν ἀνδρῶν δικαιοσύνην τε καὶ φιλοτιμίαν, ib. 438.8 (i/B.C.) ἄνδρα ἀγαθὸν γενόμενον καὶ διενένκαντα πίστει καὶ ἀρετῇ καὶ δ [ικ ]αιοσύνῃ καὶ εὐσεβείαι (cf. 2 Peter 1:5 ff.), Cagnat IV. 247.5 (c. B.C. 150), where the Demos of Assos, having been asked by that of Stratonicea to appoint an arbitrator for them, gives itself a testimonial as διὰ παντὸς πρόνοιαν ποιούμενος περὶ δικαιοσύνης. The Index in Syll III. contains about thirty references for the word.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Fifth Week after Easter