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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1551 - ἐκδέχομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1537) and (G1209)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to receive, accept
  2. to look for, expect, wait for, await
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  995 ‑ בִּין (bene);  6148 ‑ עָרַב (aw‑rab');  6908 ‑ קָבַץ (kaw‑bats');  7114 ‑ קָצַר (kaw‑tsar');  7760 ‑ שִׂים (soom, seem);  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (8)
John 1
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (7)
John 1
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
James 1
CSB (6)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
James 1
BSB (6)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
James 1
ESV (7)
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (9)
John 1
Acts 1
1 Corinthians 3
Hebrews 2
James 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


Ion. ἐκδέκ-, Ephesians 3:1-21 pl. ἐκδέχαται Tryph. 197: fut. ἐκδερμᾰτ-δέξομαι: — Pass. (v. infr. 1.6).

I mostly of persons,

1 take or receive from another, οἵ οἱ σάκος ἐξεδέχοντο Il. 13.710; Ὀρέστην ἐξεδεξάμην πατρί A. Ch. 762; of a beacon-fire, τρίτον Ἀθῷον αἶπος..ἐξεδέξατο Id. Ag. 285; ἐ. τὴν αἰτίαν take it on oneself, D. 19.37.

2. of a successor, ἐ. τὴν βασιληΐην Hdt. 1.26, etc.: freq. with acc. omitted, ἐξεδέξατο Σαδυάττης (sc. τὴν βασιληΐην) S. succeeded, ib.16, cf. 103,al.; παῖς παρὰ πατρὸς ἐκδεκόμενος τὴν ἀρχήν, [τὴν τέχνην], Id. 1.7,2.166; so ἐκδεξάμενοι (sc. τὴν μάχην) Id. 7.211.

3. take up the argument, ὥσπερ σφαῖραν ἐ. τὸν λόγον Pl. Euthd. 277b; ἐκδεξάμενος (sc. τὸν λόγον) εἰπεῖν Id. Smp. 189a; ὁ μὲν πρῶτος εἰπὼν..ὁ δ' ἐκδεξάμενος D. 18.21.

4. wait for, expect, κεῖνον ἐνθάδ' ἐ. S. Ph. 123; ἐλέφαντας Plb. 3.45.6; ἀλλήλους 1 Corinthians 11:33; ἐ. μεθ' ἡσυχίας ἕως.. D.H. 6.67; πότε.. Tryph.l.c.: abs., wait, ἕως.. POxy. 1673.8 (ii A.D.).

5. take or understand in a certain sense, οὕτω δὴ τὴν ἀσωτίαν ἐκδεχόμεθα Arist. EN 1120a3; τοὺς λόγους Plb. 10.18.12; πρὸς τὸ συμφέρον D.S. 14.56.

6. entertain, μεγαλοπρεπέστερον ἐγδεχθῆναι PTeb. 33.7 (ii B.C.).

7. to be surety for, τινά PSI 4.349 (iii B.C.), LXX Genesis 43:9.


1. of events, await, τοὺς Σκύθας.. ἐξεδέξατο οὐκ ἐλάσσων πόνος Hdt. 4.1; . [ αὐτοὺς ] περίοδος τῆς λίμνης μακρή Id. 1.185.

2. of contiguous countries, come next, ἀπὸ ταύτης (sc. τῆς Περσικῆς) ἐ. Ἀσσυρίη Id. 4.39, cf. 99, Peripl.M. Rubr. 27.

3. in Archit., support, καμάραν D.S. 18.26.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκδέχομαι; imperfect ἐξεδεχομην; (ἐκ from some person or quarter);

1. to receive, accept ((Homer), Aeschylus, Herodotus, and following).

2. to look for, expect, wait for, await: τί, John 5:3 R L; Hebrews 11:10; James 5:7; τινα, Acts 17:16; 1 Corinthians 16:11; ἀλλήλους ἐκδέχεσθε wait for one another, namely, until each shall have received his food, 1 Corinthians 11:33, cf. 1 Corinthians 11:21; followed by ἕως etc. Hebrews 10:13; (absolutely, 1 Peter 3:20 Rec., but see Tdf.s note at the passage). Rarely with this meaning in secular authors, as Sophocles Phil. 123; Apollod. 1, 9, 27 § 3; ἕως ἄν γένηται τί, Dionysius Halicarnassus 6, 67. (Compare: ἀπεκδέχομαι. Cf. δέχομαι, at the end.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐκ -δέχομαι ,

[in LXX for H6153, H6908, etc.;]

1. to take or receive from (Hom., Hdt., a1.).

2. (Rare in cl.), to expect, await: c. acc rei, John 5:3, Hebrews 11:10, James 5:7; c. acc pers., Acts 17:16, 1 Corinthians 11:33; 1 Corinthians 16:11; seq. ἕως , Hebrews 10:13 (Cremer, 687).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the primary meaning ";receive"; cf. P Lille I. 16.7 (iii/B.C.) ἀξιοῖ δὲ γράψαι αὐτῶι Κόμωνα ἐγδεχόμενον τὰς μ ̄ (δραχμάς), P Tebt I. 33.7 (B.C. 112) (= Selections, p. 30) μεγαλουπρεπέστερον ἐγδεχθήτωι, ";let him be received with the utmost magnificence,"; BGU IV. 1024iv. 16 (iv/v A.D.) ἐκδέξι το [ίνυν ] τὴην (l. τὴν) ἕως κεφ [αλῆ ]ς τ [ι ]μωρίαν. In P Par 63.26 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 21) τῶν πρὸς ταῖς ̣ πραγματείαις οὐ κατὰ τὸ βέλτιστον ἐγδεχομένων τὸν τοῦ περὶ τῆς γεωργίας προστάγματος νοῦν, Mahaffy translates ";because the officials do not put the best interpretation on the meaning of the decree concerning agriculture,"; and in P Petr III. 64 (b ).6 ἃς ἐξεδέξατο Ἡράκλειτ [ος. . . . he renders ";which (drachmas) Heracleitus undertook to pay (?)"; : cf. Genesis 43:9 where Conybeare and Stock (LXX Selections, p. 132) propose the rendering ";I undertake him."; In P Alex 4.11 (iii/B.C.) ἐγδέδεκται γὰρ Στοτοῆτις ἔχειν σε εἰς τὴν διαλογήν. . . Witkowski (Epp.2, p. 52) regards ἐκδέχομαι as = ";comperio."; The derived sense of ";wait for,"; ";expect,"; as in James 5:7, is well illustrated by P Flor III. 332.5 (ii/A.D.) οὐ λανθάνει σε ὅτι δίμηνος σήμερον ἐστάλην τὸν ἄτακτον Λισκᾶν μὴ ἐκδεχόμενόν σου τὴν παρουσίαν : cf. P Oxy IV. 724.12 (A.D. 155) ἐὰν δὲ ἐντὸς τοῦ χ [ρ ]όνου αὐτὸν ἀπαρτίσῃς οὐκ ἐκδέξομαι τὴν προκειμένην προθεσμ [ ]αν, ";if you make him perfect within the period, I will not wait for the aforesaid limit"; (Edd.), with reference to a contract of apprenticeship, BGU III. 892.6 (iii/A.D.) προσ [ ]δρευσα ἐφ᾽ ἡμέρας δύο ἐκδεχό [μ ]ενός σε, P Oxy VI. 939.27 (iv/A.D.) (= Selections, p. 130) παραμυθούμ [ε ]θ ̣α ̣ δὲ αὐτὴν ἑκάστης ὥρας ἐκδεχόμενοι τὴν [σ ]ὴν ἄφιξιν. See also Moulton Gr. ii. § 119 (a ).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκδέδεκται έκδεξαι εκδεξάμεθα εκδέξεται εκδεξομαι εκδεχεσθε εκδέχεσθε ἐκδέχεσθε εκδεχεται εκδέχεται ἐκδέχεται εκδεχομαι εκδέχομαι ἐκδέχομαι εκδεχομενος εκδεχόμενος ἐκδεχόμενος εκδεχομενου εκδεχομένου ἐκδεχομένου εκδεχομενων εκδεχομένων ἐκδεχομένων εκδήσεις εξεδεχετο εξεδέχετο ἐξεδέχετο ekdechesthe ekdéchesthe ekdechetai ekdéchetai ekdechomai ekdéchomai ekdechomenon ekdechomenōn ekdechoménon ekdechoménōn ekdechomenos ekdechómenos ekdechomenou ekdechoménou exedecheto exedécheto
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