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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #191 - ἀκούω

Transliteration
akoúō
Phonetics
ak-oo'-o
Origin
a root
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
1:216,34
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to be endowed with the faculty of hearing, not deaf
  2. to hear
    1. to attend to, consider what is or has been said
    2. to understand, perceive the sense of what is said
  3. to hear something
    1. to perceive by the ear what is announced in one's presence
    2. to get by hearing learn
    3. a thing comes to one's ears, to find out, learn
    4. to give ear to a teaching or a teacher
    5. to comprehend, to understand
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 238 ‑ אָזַן (aw‑zan');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  3176 ‑ יָהַל (yaw‑chal');  3318 ‑ יָצָא (yaw‑tsaw');  3513 ‑ כָּבַד (kaw‑bad, kaw‑bade');  3948 ‑ לֶקַח (leh'‑kakh);  5753 ‑ עָוָה (aw‑vaw');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  6605 ‑ פָּתַח (paw‑thakh');  7181 ‑ קָשַׁב (kaw‑shab');  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  8085 ‑ שָׁמַע (shaw‑mah');  8104 ‑ שָׁמַר (shaw‑mar');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (454)
Matthew
71
Mark
48
Luke
66
John
62
Acts
94
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
4
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
3
2 Peter
1
1 John
14
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
46
NAS (436)
Matthew
65
Mark
46
Luke
65
John
59
Acts
92
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
1 Thessalonians
1
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
3
2 Peter
1
1 John
14
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
46
HCS (419)
Matthew
57
Mark
42
Luke
64
John
59
Acts
89
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
3
2 Peter
1
1 John
14
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
46
BSB (428)
Matthew
63
Mark
44
Luke
65
John
59
Acts
89
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
3
2 Peter
1
1 John
14
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
46
ESV (378)
Matthew
40
Mark
37
Luke
58
John
54
Acts
87
Romans
5
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
3
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Hebrews
8
James
3
1 John
12
Revelation
46
WEB (472)
Matthew
78
Mark
51
Luke
68
John
63
Acts
99
Romans
9
1 Corinthians
4
2 Corinthians
2
Galatians
4
Ephesians
5
Philippians
4
Colossians
4
2 Thessalonians
1
1 Timothy
1
2 Timothy
4
Philemon
1
Hebrews
8
James
3
2 Peter
1
1 John
14
2 John
1
3 John
1
Revelation
46
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀκούω:

impf. ᾰκουον Il. 12.442: fut. ἀκούσομαι (Act. ἀκούσω first in Hyp. Epit. 34 s. v. l., then in Lyc. 378, 686, D.H. 5.57, Matthew 12:19, etc.: aor. ἤκουσα, ᾰκουσα Il. 24.223: pf. ἀκήκοα, Lacon. ἄκουκα Plu. Lyc. 20, Ages. 21; ἤκουκα is a late form, POxy. 237 vii 23 (ii A. D.); later Ion. ἀκήκουκα Herod. 5.49: plpf. ἀκηκόειν Hdt. 2.52, 7.208; ἠκηκόειν X. Oec. 15.7; old Att. ἠκηκόη Ar. V. 800, Pax 616, Pl. Cra. 384b: rare in Med., pres. (v. infr. 11.2): impf. ἀκούετο Il. 4.331: aor. ἠκουσάμην Mosch. 3.119: Pass., fut. ἀκουσθήσομαι Pl. R. 507d: aor. ἠκούσθην Th. 3.38, Luc. Somn. 5: pf. ἤκουσμαι D.H. Rh. 11.10, Ps.- Luc. Philopatr. 4; ἀκήκουσμαι is dub. in Luc. Hist. Conscr. 49: plpf. ἤκουστο Anon. ap. Demetr. Eloc. 217, (παρ-) J. AJ 17.10.10. (-κοϝ-, cf. κοέω):

I

1.hear, Hom., etc.: prop. c. acc. of thing heard, gen. of person from whom it is heard, ταῦτα Καλυψοῦς ἤκουσα Od. 12.389, cf. S. OT 43, etc.; gen. pers. freq. omitted, πάντ' ἀκήκοας λόγον Id. Aj. 480, etc.; or the acc. rei, ἄκουε τοῦ θανόντος Id. El. 792, cf. 793: also c. gen. rei, φθογγῆς, κτύπου, hear it, Od. 12.198 (as v. l.), 21.237; λόγων S. OC 1187; once in Hom. in Med., ἀκούετο λαὸς ἀϋτῆς Il. 4.331. c. gen. objecti, hear of, hear tell of, ἀ. πατρός Od. 4.114: freq. c. part., τεθνηῶτος (sc. πατρός) ἀκούσῃς 1.289, etc.; but εἰ.. πατρὸς νόστον ἀ. ib. 287; ἀ. περί τινος Od. 19.270, cf. E. IT 964, Isoc. 5.72, Pl. R. 358d, 358e; τι περί τινος X. An. 7.7.30. in Prose the pers. from whom thing is heard freq. takes Pr, ἀ. τι ἀπό, ἐκ, παρά, πρός τινος, first in Il. 6.524, cf. Hdt. 3.62, S. OT 7, 95, Th. 1.125. less freq. c. dupl. gen. pers. et rei, hear of a thing from a person, as Od. 17.115, D. 18.9. with part. or inf. added, as εἰ πτώσσοντας ὑφ' Ἕκτορι πάντας ἀκούσαι should he hear that all are now crouching under Hector, Il. 7.129, cf. Hdt. 7.10. θ, X. Cyr. 2.4.12, D. 3.9; ἀ. αὐτὸν ὄλβιον εἶναι to hear [generally ] that he is happy, Il. 24.543, cf. X. An. 2.5.13, etc.: also ἀ. τινὰ ὅτι or ὡς, Ἀτρεΐδην ἀκοετε ὡς.. Od. 3.193; τὸν Δαίδαλον οὐκ ἀκήκοας, ὁτι..; X. Mem. 4.2.33; ἀ. οὕνεκα S. OC 33. c. gen. et part., to express what one actually hears from a person, ταῦτ'.. ἤκουον σαφῶς Ὀδυσσέως λέγοντος S. Ph. 595; ἀ. τινὸς λέγοντος, διαλεγομένου, Pl. Prt. 320b, X. Mem. 2.4.1: rarely c. acc. et part., S. Ph. 614.

2. know by hearsay, ἔξοιδ' ἀκούων S. OT 105: pres. is used like a pf., νῆσός τις Συρίη κικλήσκεται, εἴ που ἀκούεις Od. 15.403, cf. 3.193; in Prose, Pl. Grg. 503c, Luc. Gall. 13.

3. abs., hearken, give ear, esp. in proclamations, ἀκούετε λεῴ oyez! oyez! Susar. 1, etc.: for S. OT 1386 v. πηγή 2.

4. οἱ ἀκούοντες readers of a book, Plb. 1.13.6, al.

II

1. listen to, give ear to, c. gen., Il. 1.381, etc.: metaph., Φωκυλίδου οὐκ ἀκούεις; Pl. R. 407a: rarely c. dat., ἀ. ἀνέρι κηδομένῳ Il. 16.515 (in S. El. 227 τίνι is Eth. dat.): with gen. of part. after dat., ὅττι οἱ ὦκ' ἤκουσε.. θεὸς εὐξαμένοιο ib. 531.

2. obey, βασιλῆος, θεοῦ, Il. 19.256, Od. 7.11: Med., Λεωφίλου δ' ἀκούεται [πάντα ] Archil. 64.

3. hear and understand, κλύοντες οὐκ ἤκουον A. Pr. 448, cf. Ch. 5, Ar. Ra. 1173; τὸ μὴ πάντας πάντων ἀκούειν S.E. M. 1.37.

4. to be a pupil of, c. gen., D.L. 9.21.

III after Hom., serving as Pass. to λέγειν,

1. hear oneself called, be called, like Lat. audire, εἴπερ ὄρθ' ἀκούεις, Ζεῦ S. OT 903 (cf. A. Ag. 161); freq. with εὖ and κακῶς, κακῶς ἀ. ὑπό τινος to be ill spoken of by one; πρός τινος Hdt. 7.16. ά; περί τινος for a thing, Id. 6.86. ά; ἄμεινον, ἄριστα ἀ., Hdt. 2.173, 8.93, cf. S. Ph. 1313, Antipho 5.75, etc.

2. with nom. of subject, ἀκούειν κακός, καλός, S. OC 988, Pl. Ly. 207a; νῦν κόλακες καὶ θεοῖς ἐχθροὶ.. ἀκούουσι D. 18.46, etc.; ἔχαιρε ἀκούων Αἰετὸς ὁ Πύρρος Ael. NA 7.45; later in Pass. in this sense, Nonn. D. 21.220,al.

3. c. inf., ἤκουον εἶναι πρῶτοι were said to be first, Hdt. 3.131; also ἀκούσομαι μὲν ὡς ἔφυν οἴκτου πλέως S. Ph. 1074.

4. c. acc. rei, ἀ. κακά have evil spoken of one, Ar. Th. 388, cf. S. Ph. 607; ἀ. λόγον ἐσλόν Pi. I. 5(4).13; φήμας.. κακὰς ἤκουσεν E. Hel. 615.

5. οὕτως ἀ. hear it so said, i. e. at first hearing, ὡς οὕτω γ' ἀκοῦσαι Pl. Euthphr. 3b; ὥς γε οὑτωσὶ ἀκοῦσαι Id. Ly. 216a. understand, take in a certain sense, Jul. Or. 4.147a; esp. in Scholl., as Sch. E. Or. 333; τι ἐπί τινος Sch. E. Hipp. 73. Astrol., aspect mutually, of signs equidistant from an equinoctial sign, Doroth. 189, Heph. Astr. 2.2; also, = ὑπακούειν (q. v.), Id. 1.9.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀκούω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H8085;]

to hear, listen, attend, perceive by hearing, comprehend by hearing.

1. Intrans.: Mark 4:3; Mark 7:37, James 2:5, Revelation 2:7, al.; τ . ὠοίν , Matthew 13:15 (LXX); c. cogn. dat., ἀκοῇ ἀ . (see ἀκοή ), Matthew 13:14, Acts 28:26 (LXX); ὁ ἔχων ὦτα (οὖς ) ἀκούειν , ἀκουσάτω , Matthew 11:15, Mark 4:23, Revelation 2:7, al.

2. Trans., prop. c. acc rei, of thing heard, gen. pers., from whom heard (LS, s.v.): Acts 1:4; c. acc rei, Matthew 12:19, John 3:8 (Abbott, JG, 76), Acts 22:9, al.; c. dupl. acc, John 12:18, 1 Corinthians 11:18; c. gen. rei, John 7:40 (Abbott, JV, 116); τ . φωνῆς (cf. Heb. H6963 H8085, Exodus 18:19), John 5:25; John 5:28, Acts 9:7 (on the distinction bet, this and . φωνήν , Acts 9:4, v. M, Pr., 66; Field, Notes, 117; Abbott, Essays, 93 f.); of God answering prayer, John 9:31, 1 John 5:14-15; c. acc rei, seq. παρά , John 8:26; John 8:40, Acts 10:22, 2 Timothy 2:2; id. seq. ἀπό , 1 John 1:5; c. gen. pers. seq. ptcp., Mark 14:58, Luke 18:36, al.

(On NT usage generally, v. Bl., § 36, 5; Cremer, 82.)


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The verb is of course common enough, and needs little or no illustration, having few peculiarities. Its use for a judicial hearing (as Acts 25:22) may be paralleled with P Iand 9.10 (ii/A.D.) καὶ [μέ ]χ ̣[ρ ̣ι ̣] τ ̣ούτου οὔπο ἠκούσθ [η ̣μ ̣]εν ̣, and P Oxy VII. 1032.59 (A.D. 162), where the epistrategus endorses a petition with ἀκουσθήσε ̣τ ̣αι. So in BGU II. 511ii. 2 ( = Chrest. I. p. 26), an account written about A.D. 200 of a trial before Claudius, we have ἀκούει Κλαύδιος Καῖσα [ρ Σέβαστος Ἰσιδώρου ] γυμνασιάρχου πόλεως Ἀ [λεξανδρέων ] κατὰ Ἀγρίππου βασιλέω [ς ]. The last example will illustrate ἀκούειν with normal gen. of person : P Par 48.4 (B.C. 153) ( = Witkowski .2 p. 91) ἀκούσαντες. . τὰ περὶ σοῦ συνβεβηκότα will serve for accus. rei, and will also illustrate the common use with περί, since the phrase is a mixture of ἀκ. περὶ σοῦ and ἀκ. τά σοι συνβεβηκότα (Witk.). The same papyrus shows us the participial object clause, 1.2 ἀκούσαντες δὲ ἐν τῷ μεγάλῳ Σαραπιείου ὄντα σε. In P Amh II. 37.8 (ii/B.C.) ἐκούομεν δὲ μὴ παραγεγονέ [ναι. . . we have apparently the infin. construction, and so in P Grenf II. 36.15 (B.C. 95), ἠκούσαμεν τὸν μῦν καταβεβρωκέναι τὸν σπόρον —Witkowski (.2 p. 120, cf. p. xiv.) allows the writer to be ";modice eruditus."; For ἀκούειν ὡς cf. CPHerm 22.5 : for the commoner ὅτι, P Tebt II. 416.8 (iii/A.D.) μὴ οὖν ἀκούσῃς ἀνθ ̣ρ ̣ω ̣πων ὅτι μέλλω μένιν ἐνθάδε. With the introductory imper., as in Mark 4:3, cf. the dialogue in P Ryl II. 63.8 (iii/A.D.) where ἄκουε precedes an exposition.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
ακήκοα ακηκοαμεν ακηκόαμεν ἀκηκόαμεν ακήκοας ακηκόασι ακηκόασί ακηκοασιν ακηκόασιν ἀκηκόασιν ακηκοατε ακηκόατε ἀκηκόατε ακήκοε ακήκοέ ακηκόει ακήκοεν ακηκοοτας ακηκοότας ἀκηκοότας Ακουε άκουε άκουέ Ἄκουε ακουει ακούει ἀκούει ακουειν ακουείν ακούειν ἀκούειν Ακουεις ακούεις Ἀκούεις ακουεται ακούεται ἀκούεται ακουετε ακούετε ακούετέ ἀκούετε ακουετω ακουέτω ἀκουέτω ακουομεν ακούομεν ἀκούομεν ακουόμενοι ακουοντα ακούοντα ακούοντά ἀκούοντα ακούονται ακουοντας ακούοντας ακούοντάς ἀκούοντας ἀκούοντάς ακουοντες ακούοντες ἀκούοντες ακουοντι ακούοντι ἀκούοντι ακουοντος ακούοντος ακούοντός ἀκούοντος Ακουοντων ακουόντων ακούοντων Ἀκουόντων ακούουσι ακουουσιν ακούουσιν άκουουσιν ἀκούουσιν ακουσαι ακούσαι ακούσαί ἀκοῦσαι ἀκοῦσαί ακούσαντά ακουσαντες ακουσάντες ακούσαντες ἀκούσαντες ακουσαντων ακουσάντων ἀκουσάντων Ακουσας ακούσας Ἀκούσας ακουσασα ακούσασα ἀκούσασα ακούσασαι ακουσασιν ακούσασιν ἀκούσασιν ακουσατε ακούσατε ακούσατέ ἀκούσατε Ἀκούσατέ ακουσατω ακουσάτω ακούσατω ἀκουσάτω ακουσατωσαν ακουσάτωσαν ἀκουσάτωσαν ακουσει ακούσει ἀκούσει ακούσεις ακουσεσθε ακούσεσθε ἀκούσεσθε ακούσεται ακουσετε ακούσετε ἀκούσετε ακουση ακούση ἀκούσῃ ακούσης ακουσητε ακούσητε ακούσητέ ἀκούσητε ακουσθείσι ακουσθεισιν ἀκουσθεῖσιν ακουσθη ακουσθή ἀκουσθῇ ακουσθήναι ακουσθησεται ακουσθήσεται ἀκουσθήσεται ακουσθήτω ακούσομαι Ακουσομεθα ακουσόμεθα ακουσόμεθά Ἀκουσόμεθά άκουσον άκουσόν ακουσονται ακούσονται ακούσονταί ἀκούσονται ακούσουσι ακουσουσιν ἀκούσουσιν ακούσω ακούσωεν ακούσωμεν ακούσωσι ακουσωσιν ακούσωσιν ἀκούσωσιν ακουω ακούω ἀκούω ακουων ακούων ἀκούων ακουωσι ακούωσι ἀκούωσι ἀκούωσιν άκρα άκραν άκρας ήκουε ηκουεν ήκουεν ἤκουεν ηκούετο ηκουον ήκουον ήκουόν ἤκουον ηκουσα ήκουσα ἤκουσα ηκουσαμεν ηκούσαμεν ἠκούσαμεν ηκουσαν ήκουσαν ήκουσάν ἤκουσαν ηκουσας ήκουσας ήκουσάς ἤκουσας ἤκουσάς Ηκουσατε ηκούσατε ηκούσατέ Ἠκούσατε ἠκούσατέ ήκουσε ήκουσέ ηκουσεν ήκουσεν ἤκουσεν ηκουσθη ηκούσθη ἠκούσθη ηκούσθησαν ηκούσται akekoamen akekóamen akēkoamen akēkóamen akekoasin akekóasin akēkoasin akēkóasin akekoate akekóate akēkoate akēkóate akekootas akekoótas akēkootas akēkoótas Akoue Ákoue akouei akoúei akouein akoúein Akoueis Akoúeis akouetai akoúetai akouete akoúete akoueto akouetō akouéto akouétō akouo akouō akoúo akoúō akouomen akoúomen akouon akouōn akoúon akoúōn akouonta akoúonta akouontas akoúontas akoúontás akouontes akoúontes akouonti akoúonti Akouonton Akouontōn Akouónton Akouóntōn akouontos akoúontos akouosin akouōsin akoúosin akoúōsin akouousin akoúousin akousai akoûsai akoûsaí akousantes akoúsantes akousanton akousantōn akousánton akousántōn Akousas Akoúsas akousasa akoúsasa akousasin akoúsasin akousate akoúsate Akoúsaté akousato akousatō akousáto akousátō akousatosan akousatōsan akousátosan akousátōsan akouse akousē akousei akoúsei akoúsēi akousesthe akoúsesthe akousete akousēte akoúsete akoúsēte Akousometha Akousómethá akousontai akoúsontai akousosin akousōsin akoúsosin akoúsōsin akousousin akoúsousin akousthe akousthē akousthêi akousthē̂i akoustheisin akoustheîsin akousthesetai akousthēsetai akousthḗsetai ekouen ēkouen ḗkouen ekouon ēkouon ḗkouon ekousa ēkousa ḗkousa ekousamen ekoúsamen ēkousamen ēkoúsamen ekousan ēkousan ḗkousan ekousas ēkousas ḗkousas ḗkousás ekousate ekoúsate ekoúsaté Ēkousate Ēkoúsate ēkoúsaté ekousen ēkousen ḗkousen ekousthe ekoústhe ēkousthē ēkoústhē
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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