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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1983 - ἐπισκοπέω

from (G1909) and (G4648)
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  1. to look upon, inspect, oversee, look after, care for
    1. of the care of the church which rested upon the elders
    2. to look carefully, beware
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  3045 ‑ יָדַע (yaw‑dah');  5329 ‑ נָצַח (naw‑tsakh');  6485 ‑ פָּקַד (paw‑kad');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
NAS (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
HCS (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
BSB (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
ESV (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
WEB (2)
Hebrews 1
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. -σκέψομαι, later -σκοπήσω Babr. 103.8: aor. -εσκεψάμην, later -εσκόπησα Luc. Herm. 44, 59: pf. ἐπέσκεμμαι Hp. VM 14, Pl. Epin. 990a; also in pass. sense, Arist. Cael. 299a10, PA 692a18:

1. look upon or at, inspect, observe, ἱστορίας καὶ τἆλλα ἔγγραφα Milet. 3.155 (ii B.C.) (also in Med., ἐ. τὸ περίχωμα PLille 1v 27 (iii B.C.), etc.); regard, τἄμ' ἐ. κακά E. Heracl. 869; of tutelary gods, Θηβαΐας ἐπισκοποῦντ' ἀγυιάς, of Bacchus, S. Ant. 1136 (lyr.); Ἴλιον.. ἐπισκοπεῖ σεμνὸς Ποσειδῶν E. IT 1414, cf. Ph. 661 (lyr.); ὦ Δῆμ', ἐναργῶς ἡ θεός σ' ἐπισκοπεῖ Ar. Eq. 1173, cf. 1186; also of a ruler, ἐ. τὴν πολιτείαν Pl. R. 506b, cf. X. Oec. 4.6 (so in Med., θαμὰ ἐπεσκοπεῖτο ἡμᾶς observed, Pl. Ly. 207a): folld. by Relat., ἐ. καὶ ἀναμετρήσαντες ὅσῳ ἐλάσσων ὁ χῶρος γέγονε Hdt. 2.109; ἐ. πῶς ἔχει Pl. Grg. 451c; τόδε ἐπίσκεψαι εἴ τι λέγω Id. Phd. 87b, cf. X. Mem. 2.1.22; πότερον.. .. Pl. R. 518a; τίς εἴη.. X. Mem. 3.2.4, cf. Smp. 1.12; ἐ. μή.. take care lest, Hebrews 12:15.

2.. visit, ὦ θάνατε, νῦν μ' ἐπίσκεψαι μολών S. Aj. 854; visit as a friend (ironically), D. 9.12; esp. visit the sick, X. Cyr. 8.2.25, Mem. 3.11.10; of the physician, Hdn. 4.2.4: Med., D. 59.56, Gal. 11.2, 14.633: Pass., εὐνὴν ὀνείροις οὐκ ἐπισκοπουμένην visited not by dreams, i.e. sleepless, A. Ag. 13.

3.. of a general, inspect, review, τὰς τάξεις X. An. 2.3.2; τὰ ὅπλα Id. Cyr. 6.3.21, cf. A. Eu. 296.

4.. consider, reflect, meditate, ὅ τι ἂν μέλλῃς ἐρεῖν, πρότερον ἐπισκόπει τῇ γνώμῃ Isoc. 1.41; also ἐ. πρός τι Pl. Lg. 924d; περί τινος Id. Prt. 348d, al., Ceb. 35.5; ὑπέρ τινος Plb. 3.15.2; σαυτὸν ἐ. ὅστις εἴης X. Mem. 4.2.24; ἐ. τίς.., ποία τις.. Arist. Pol. 1274b32; πότερον.. ib. 1276b16: Med., examine with oneself, meditate, Pl. Phd. 91d; εἰς τὸ ἀληθὲς ἐ. τι Id. Phlb. 61e, cf. Alex. 219.8, Philem. 46: Pass., pf. (v.supr.).

5.. exercise the office of ἐπίσκοπος, v.l.in 1 Peter 5:2.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπισκοπέω, ἐπισκόπω; to look upon, inspect, oversee, look after, care for: spoken of the care of the church which rested upon the presbyters, 1 Peter 5:2 (T WH omit) (with τήν ἐκκλησίαν added, Ignatius ad Rom. 9, 1 [ET]); followed by μή (which see II. 1 a.) equivalent to Latincaveo, to look carefully, beware: Hebrews 12:15. (Often by Greek writings from Aeschylus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπι -σκοπέω , -

[in LXX for H6485 ni., etc.;]

1. to look upon, observe, examine: seq. μή , Hebrews 12:16.

2. As ἐπισκέπτομαι in LXX, NT, to visit, care for: 1 Peter 5:2 (R, txt.; WH cm.; Cremer, 527).†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

The NT (Hebrews 12:15) connotation of this word ";exercise oversight or care"; may be illustrated by its common use as an epistolary formula in the closing salutations of letters, e.g. P Revill Mel p. 295.12 (B.C. 131–0) (= Witkowski Epp..2. p. 96) ἐπισκοποῦ <δ [ ]> καὶ τὰς ἀδελφὰς. . καὶ Πέλοπα κτλ., P Lips I. 104.18 (c. B.C. 96–5) ἐπισκοπεῖτ [α ]ι ὑμᾶς Ἀλμέντ ̣ι ̣ς, Ψενοσῖρις κτλ., P Oxy IV. 743.43 (B.C. 2) ἐπισκοπ (οῦ) τοὺς σοὺς πάντε (ς), ib. II. 294.31 (A.D. 22) ἐπισκωποῦ Δημητροῦ [ν ] καὶ Δωρίωνα [τὸν πατ ]έρα, P Giss I. 12.7 ἐπισκοποῦμαι τὴν σὴν σύνβιον καὶ τοὺς φιλοῦντάς σε πάντας. For the verb = ";inspect"; see P Lille I. 1 verso.27 (B.C. 259–8) ὕστερον δὲ ἐπισκοπούμενος τὸ περίχωμα συνέκρινεν τὰ χώματα ποῆσαι, P Tebt I. 30.25 (B.C. 115) ἐπισκοποῦντες διὰ τοῦ ἀπολογισμοῦ τοῦ ἐδάφους, ";on examining the land-register"; (Edd.). From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 802.82 (iii/B.C.) ἀνῶιξε τὸγ γυλιὸ [ν ] κα [ὶ ἐ ]πεσκόπει τὰ συντετριμμένα σ [κε ]ύη.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επισκοπείν επισκοπείται επισκοπείτω επισκοπουντες επισκοπούντες ἐπισκοποῦντες επισκοπών episkopountes episkopoûntes
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