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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #02896 - טוֹב
1) good, pleasant, agreeable (adjective)
1a) pleasant, agreeable (to the senses)
1b) pleasant (to the higher nature)
1c) good, excellent (of its kind)
1d) good, rich, valuable in estimation
1e) good, appropriate, becoming
1f) better (comparative)
1g) glad, happy, prosperous (of man’s sensuous nature)
1h) good understanding (of man’s intellectual nature)
1i) good, kind, benign
1j) good, right (ethical)
2) a good thing, benefit, welfare (noun masculine)
2a) welfare, prosperity, happiness
2b) good things (collective)
2c) good, benefit
2d) moral good
3) welfare, benefit, good things (noun feminine)
3a) welfare, prosperity, happiness
3b) good things (collective)
1186) bu (תהב ThB) AC: ? CO: ? AB: Good: The pictograph u is a picture of a basket, used to contain or surround something. The b is a picture of a tent or house. Combined these mean "surround the house". The house is surrounded by grace, beauty, love, health and prosperity, something that is functional.
Nf) bfu (תהוב ThWB) - Good: Something that functions properly. KJV (591): good, better, well, goodness, goodly, best, merry, fair, prosperity, precious, fine, wealth, beautiful, fairer, favour, glad - Strongs: H2896 (טוֹב), H2898 (טוּב)
V) bui (יתהב YThB) - Good: To be good such as in being functional. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (108): (vf: Paal, Hiphil) well, good, please, merry, amend, better, accepted, diligently - Strongs: H3190 (יָטַב), H3191 (יְטַב)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
טוֹב pret. טֹבוּ; (for the future, the form יִיטַב, from יָטַב is used.)
(1) to be good (Arab. طَلبَ Med. Ye, to be good, pleasant, agreeable, especially used of a pleasant smell [“Ch. Syr. id.”], compare בָּאַשׁ, בְּאֵשׁ). Only used impersonally in the following phrases
(a) טוֹב לִי it is good for me, it goes well with me, Deuteronomy 5:30, 15:16 19:13 Numbers 11:18 also, to be well, to be in good health, 1 Samuel 16:16. Followed by אֶל id. 1 Samuel 20:12. Job 13:9, הֲטוֹב כִּי it is well for you that.-As to the passage Job 10:3, see letter b.
(b) טוֹב בְּעֵינַי it is good in my eyes, i.e. “it pleases me,” Numbers 24:1. In the later books it is followed by עַל 1 Chronicles 13:2. Esther 1:19, אִם־עַל־הַמֶּלֶךְ טוֹב “if it please the king.” Esther 3:9, 5:4, 7:3 Nehemiah 2:5 compare Ezra 5:17 once followed by לְ Job 10:3, הֲטוֹב לְךָ “does it please thee?” So Vulg. Ch.
(2) to be beautiful, pleasant, Numbers 24:5; Song of Solomon 4:10.
(3) to be cheerful, merry (a common meaning in Syriac), used especially of the heart, 1 Samuel 25:36; 2 Samuel 13:28; Esther 1:10.
(1) to do well, to do something rightly, with an acc. 1 Kings 8:18; 2 Kings 10:30.
(2) to do good to some one, to confer benefits, Ezekiel 36:11.
(3) to make fair, to adorn, Hosea 10:1.
(4) to make cheerful, Ecclesiastes 11:9. הֵיטִיב, from יָטַב, is more commonly used.
[Derivatives, the following words, and pr.n. טָֽבְאֵל, and טַבְרִמּוֹן.]
טוֹב f. טוֹבָה adj.
(1) good, in various senses
(a) physically, as a good (i.e. fertile) land, Exodus 3:8 a good tree, 2 Kings 3:19 good gold, i.e. pure, Genesis 2:12.
(b) ἠθικῶς, good, kind, upright, Isaiah 5:20 and neutr. goodness, uprightness, kindness. עָשָׂה טוֹב he acted well, he lived honestly, Psalms 34:15, 37:3 Ecclesiastes 7:20. עָשָׂה טוֹב עִם to shew kindness to some one, Genesis 26:29. טוֹב לְ to be kind towards some one, Lamentations 3:25. טוֹב עַיִן a man of a kind eye, i.e. merciful, opp. to רַע עַיִן, Proverbs 22:9, where see LXX. Vulg. לֹא טוֹב by λιτότης, wicked, evil, Proverbs 18:5, 20:23.-Often used
(aa) of a good, i.e. a happy lot, compare No. 4. הָיָה טוֹב לִי “it is well with me,” Ecclesiastes 8:12, 13. לָהֶם, לְטוֹב לָנוּ that it may be well with us, or with them, Deuteronomy 6:24, 10:13 Jeremiah 32:39 (properly for לִהְיוֹת טוֹב לְ, as in בְּצַר לִי, לְרַע לָהֶם). טוֹב לִי well for me! Psalms 119:17; Lamentations 3:27. לְטוֹב in a good sense, for welfare (compare טוֹבָה), often in medial phrases, Psal. 119:122 Deuteronomy 30:9.
(bb) טוֹב בְּעֵינֵי פ׳ good in the eyes of some one, what pleases some one, Numbers 24:1; Deuteronomy 6:18. Genesis 16:6, עֲשִׂי־לָהּ הַטּוֹב בְּעֵינַיִךְ “do to her that which seems good to thee” = do with her as thou wilt, Genesis 19:8; Judges 10:15, 19:24 also followed by לִפְנֵי Ecclesiastes 2:26 and לְ Job 10:3 [but see verb]; Deuteronomy 23:17.-Adv. well, very good, 2 Samuel 3:13; Ruth 3:13, and subst. something good, that which is good, Job 7:7 placed as a genitive after a noun, as בִּרְכַּת טוֹב a blessing of good, for a good blessing, Proverbs 24:25.
(2) goodly, fair, beautiful, used of persons, Exodus 2:2; Genesis 6:2 and of things, Isaiah 5:9 more often with the addition of מַרְאֶה Genesis 24:16; Esther 1:11, 2:3,.
(3) pleasant, agreeable, Genesis 3:6; Song of Solomon 1:2, 7:10. Especially used of smell, שֶׁמֶן הַטּוֹב sweet smelling ointment, Psalms 133:2; Isaiah 39:2; Song of Solomon 1:3. קָנֶה הַטּוֹב sweet calamus, Jeremiah 6:20.
(4) well off, prosperous, happy, comp. No. 1, (aa); Isaiah 3:10; Jeremiah 44:17. Psalms 112:5, טוֹב־אִישׁ “O happy man.” Ecclesiastes 5:4, 17 7:18 compare Lamentations 3:26; Amos 6:2. (Syr. ܛܘܽܒܰܝܗܘܽܢ ܕ O the blessings of.-Often used for Heb. אַשְׁרֵי, see Matthew 5:2, Pesh.)
(5) distinguished, great, excelling. Psalms 69:17, כִּי טוֹב חַסְדֶּךָ “for great is thy loving-kindness.” Psalms 109:21 (comp. Ruth 3:10). Syr. ܛܳܒ adv. very.
(6) cheerful, merry, Esther 8:17; 1 Kings 8:66 בְּלֵב טוֹב with a merry heart. Ecclesiastes 9:7.
(7) [Tob], pr.n. of a region beyond Jordan, Judges 11:3; 2 Samuel 10:6 apparently, i.q. Τούβιον, LXX. Vat. Τώβιον, 1Ma_5:13.
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12