Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #05352 - נָקָה
1) to be empty, be clear, be pure, be free, be innocent, be desolate, be cut off
1a) (Qal) to be empty, be clean, be pure
1b1) to be cleaned out, be purged out
1b2) to be clean, be free from guilt, be innocent
1b3) to be free, be exempt from punishment
1b4) to be free, be exempt from obligation
1c1) to hold innocent, acquit
1c2) to leave unpunished
1318) qn (נק NQ) AC: Suckle CO: Breast AB: Innocent: The pictograph n is a picture of a seed and represents the sons of the next generation, the q is a picture of the sun at the horizon and the drawing in of light. Combined these mean "child drawn in". The bringing in and holding close of an infant to the breast.
V) eqn (נקה NQH) - Innocent: One who is innocent of a crime or oath. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (45): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Piel) unpunished, guiltless, innocent, clear, cleanse, free, acquit, altogether, cut off, blameless, pure - Strongs: H5343 (נְקֵא), H5352 (נָקָה)
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
נָקָה to be pure, Arab. id. نَقِىَ id.; Syriac to sprinkle water of purifying (prop. to purge), to offer a libation, to sacrifice, whence מְנַקִּית a sacrificial cup. In Kal only found, Jeremiah 49:12 where נָקֹה inf. pleon. is joined to the conjugation Niphal.
(1) to be pure, metaph. innocent, followed by מִן to be void of any fault. Psalms 19:14; Numbers 5:31 followed by מִן of person, Judges 15:3, נִקֵּיתִי מִפְּלִשְׁתִּים “I am free from blame towards the Philistines,” i.e. if I attack the Philistines it is not my fault, but their own.
(2) to be free from punishment, to be quit, Exodus 21:19; Numbers 5:19; Proverbs 6:29, בָּהּ לֹא יִנָּקֶה כָּל־הַנֹּגֵעֲ “whoever toucheth her shall not be unpunished;” 11:21.
(3) to be clear, free, from an oath, or obligation, Genesis 24:8, 41 Genesis 24:41.
(4) to be vacant, empty (spoken of a city), i.e. laid waste (like the Arab. Conj. X); Isaiah 3:26. Also used of men who are destroyed, extirpated, Zechariah 5:3.
(1) to declare innocent, to absolve, Job 9:28 followed by מִן Psalms 19:13; Job 10:14.
(2) to leave unpunished, to pardon, with an acc. of pers., Exodus 20:7; 1 Kings 2:9; Jeremiah 30:11, 46:28 with an acc. of the crime. Joel 4:21, וְנִקֵּתִי (better [but this is a conjecture]. נִקַּמְתִּי LXX. ἐκζητήσω) דָּמָם לֹא נִקֵּיתִי “I will avenge their blood, and will not leave it unavenged.” [But see Eng. Ver.] Absol. Exodus 34:7, “forgiving iniquity, and transgression, and sin, וְנַקֵּה לֹא יְנַקֶּה but will not always pardon;” Numbers 14:18; Nahum 1:3.
Derivatives, נָקִי, נָקִיא, נִקָּיוֹן, מְנַקִּית.