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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #08058 - שָׁמַט
1) to release, let drop or loose or rest or fall
1a) (Qal) to let drop or fall
1b) (Niphal) to be made to fall down, be thrown down
1c1) to cause to let drop
1c2) to release, let drop
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) pr. i.q. שָׁמַץ to smite, to strike; also, to cast, to throw down, compare Arab. شمص to strike, to thrust, and to urge on a beast violently. (To this answers the Germ. vulg. fchmeißen, to strike and to cast; Anglo-Sax. smitan; Engl. to smite; rejecting the sibilant, mittere.) Hence
(a) 2 Samuel 6:6, כִּי שָֽׁמְטוּ הַבָּקָר “for the oxen kicked,” were restive (die Rinder fchlugen, fchmißen aus). Vulg. calcitrabant. The other interpretations of this passage are discussed by Bochart, Hieroz. t. i. page 372.
(b) to cast, to throw down (any one from a window into the street), 2 Kings 9:33.
(2) to fall, to let lie
(a) a field untilled, Exodus 23:11.
(b) to remit a debt, Deuteronomy 15:2.
(c) followed by מִן to desist from anything, Jeremiah 17:4.
Niphal, pass. of Kal No. 1, to be cast down, precipitated (from a rock), Psalms 141:6.
Hiphil, i.q. Kal No. 2, b, to remit, Deuteronomy 15:3. Hence
the Second Week after Epiphany