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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1578 - ἐκκλίνω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1537) and (G2827)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to turn aside, deviate (from the right way and course)
  2. to turn (one's self) away, to turn away from, keep aloof from one's society
  3. to shun one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1504 ‑ גָּזַר (gaw‑zar');  1814 ‑ דָּלַק (daw‑lak');  2398 ‑ חָטָא (khaw‑taw');  2502 ‑ חָלַץ (khaw‑lats');  3381 ‑ יָרַד (yaw‑rad');  3637 ‑ כָּלַם (kaw‑lawm');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  4513 ‑ מָנַע (maw‑nah');  5006 ‑ נָאַץ (naw‑ats');  5186 ‑ נָטָה (naw‑taw');  5428 ‑ נָתַשׁ (naw‑thash');  5437 ‑ סָבַב (saw‑bab');  5472 ‑ סוּג (soog);  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  5791 ‑ עָוַת (aw‑vath');  6206 ‑ עָרַץ (aw‑rats');  6437 ‑ פָּנָה (paw‑naw');  7686 ‑ שָׁגָה (shaw‑gaw');  7847 ‑ שָׂטָה (saw‑taw');  8058 ‑ שָׁמַט (shaw‑mat');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (4)
Romans 3
1 Peter 1
NAS (6)
Romans 4
1 Peter 2
HCS (3)
Romans 2
1 Peter 1
BSB (3)
Romans 2
1 Peter 1
WEB (0)
WEB (4)
Romans 3
1 Peter 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐκ-κλίνω [],


1. end out of the regular line, bend outwards or away, opp. ἐγκλίνω, Hp. Art. 38 (s.v.l.); change the form of a word, Pl. Cra. 404d.

2. dislocate, Hp. Art. 7 (Pass.).

3. embezzle, Dionys.Com. 3.10.

4. pervert, δικαιώματα LXX 1 Samuel 8:3.


1. intr., turn away, ἀπό τινος Th. 5.73, LXX Numbers 22:32(33); ἐκ τῆς ὁδοῦ ib. 23; ἐκ νόμου θεοῦ ib. Job 34:27 : abs., give ground, retire, X. Cyr. 1.4.23; give way, fall from its place, Id. Cyn. 6.10.

2. c. acc., avoid, shun, ἐ. τι καὶ μὴ πράττειν Pl. Lg. 746c; ἐπερχόμενον ἐ. νέφος Demad. 15; τὴν τῶν θηρίων ἔφοδον Plb. 1.34.4; στρατείαν Id. 5.42.4,etc.: Pass., Epict. Ench. 2.

3. with Pr, turn away or aside towards, κατά τι X. Cyr. 7.1.30; ἐπὶ τὰς ἔξω οἰκίας BGU 1215.9 (iii B.C.); ἐ. εἰς δῆμον, εἰς ὀλιγαρχίαν, decline into a democracy or oligarchy, Arist. Pol. 1273a5; πρός τινα visit a person on one's journey, LXX Genesis 19:3.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐκκλίνω (Romans 16:17 T Tr WH); 1 aorist ἐξέκλινα; in Greek writings from Thucydides down; the Sept. chiefly for סוּר and נָטָה; intransitive, to turn aside, deviate (from the right way and course, Malachi 2:8 (cf. Deuteronomy 5:32)); metaphorically and absolutely, to turn (oneself) away (Buttmann, 144f (126f); Winer's Grammar, 251 (236)), either from the path of rectitude, Romans 3:12 (Psalm 13:3 ()); or from evil (a malis declinare, Cicero, Tusc. 4, 6): ἀπό κακοῦ, 1 Peter 3:11 (Psalm 33:15 (); Psalm 36:27 (); Proverbs 3:7); ἀπό with the genitive of person to turn away from, keep aloof from, one's society; to shun one: Romans 16:17 (οὕς, Ignatius ad Eph. 7, 1 [ET]).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ίκ -κλίνω ,

[in LXX for H5186, H5493, etc.;]

intrans., to turn aside, turn away: metaph., from the right path, absol., Romans 3:12 (LXX); from evil, absol., 1 Peter 3:11; seq. ἀπό , c. gen. pers., Romans 16:17.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In a decree of Ptolemy Philometor (B.C. 181–145) published in Archiv vi. p. 9 we find.12 οὔτε κίνδυνον οὔτε κακοπαθίαν οὐδεμίαν ἐκκέκ [λ ]ικεν : cf. OGIS 339.5 (c. B.C. 120), 443.14 (i/B.C.), and Cagnat IV. 134.14 (ii/B.C.). The verb is taken as = ";faire défaut"; by the editor (see Index p. 476) in P Par 15.22 (B.C. 120), συνιστοροῦντες ἑαυτοῖς οὐδὲν βέβαιον ἔχουσι ἐξέκλιναν. Similarly P Tor I. 2.33, and cf. ib. 1ii. 17 (B.C. 117) καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα πολλάκις ἐπιβεβληκότος εἰς τὴν Διόσπολιν, ἐκκλίνοντες οὐ διαλείπουσιν, ";semper occursum meum devitant"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
έγκλινον εκκέκλικεν εκκλεινομένων εκκλίναι εκκλίνας εκκλίνατε εκκλινατω εκκλινάτω ἐκκλινάτω έκκλινε εκκλινεί εκκλίνει εκκλίνειν εκκλινείς εκκλινείτε εκκλινετε εκκλίνετε ἐκκλίνετε εκκλίνη εκκλίνης εκκλινήτε εκκλίνητε έκκλινον εκκλίνοντας εκκλίνοντες εκκλίνοντος εκκλινούμεν εκκλινούσας εκκλινούσι εκκλίνουσιν εκκλινώ εκκλίνω εκκλίνωμεν εκκλίνων εκκλίνωσι εκκλύσει εκκόλαμμα εξέκλινα εξεκλίναμεν εξεκλιναν εξέκλιναν ἐξέκλιναν εξέκλινας εξεκλίνατε εξέκλινε εξέκλινεν εξέκλινον ekklinato ekklinatō ekklináto ekklinátō ekklinete ekklínete exeklinan exéklinan
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