the Week of Christ the King / Proper 29 / Ordinary 34
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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary Hebrew Lexicon
Strong's #1556 - גָּלַל
1) to roll, roll away, roll down, roll together
1a) (Qal) to roll
1b1) to roll up
1b2) to flow down
1c) (Pilpel) to roll
1d) (Poal) to be rolled
1e) (Hithpoel) to roll oneself
1f) (Hithpalpel) to roll oneself
1g) (Hiphil) to roll away
1058) lc (גל GL) AC: Roll CO: Round AB: ?: Something that is round or a second time around of a time or event. A dancing in a circle. (eng: skull - an added s and an exchange of the k and g, Greek golgotha)
lm) lclc (גלגל GLGL) - Wheel: The wheel of a cart or a whirlwind. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (13): wheel, heaven, rolling thing, whirlwind - Strongs: H1534 (גַּלְגַּל), H1535 (גַּלְגַּל), H1536 (גִּלְגָּל)
Nm) llc (גלל GLL) - I. Round thing:Something round such as stones or dung. [Hebrew and Aramaic] II. For the Sake of:As a rolling back around. KJV (17): dung, because, sake, because of thee, for, great - Strongs: H1557 (גָּלָל), H1558 (גָּלָל), H1560 (גְּלָל), H1561 (גֵּל), H5953 (עָלַל)
V) lac (גאל GAL) - Redeem: To restore one to his original position or avenge his death. In the participle form this verb means avenger as it is the role of the nearest relative to redeem one in slavery or avenge his murder. KJV (104): (vf: Paal, Niphal) redeem, redeemer, kinsman, revenger, avenger, ransom, deliver, kinsfolks, kinsmans, part, purchase, stain, wise - Strongs: H1350 (גָּאַל)
- A2049 Lbc (Bound, Boundary)
- A2063 Blc (Shave, Barber)
- A2064 Dlc (Skin)
- A2065 Hlc (Shave)
- A2066 Mlc (Wrap)
- A2524 Lco (Round, Bullock)
Jeff Benner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Qal Perfect 1 singular גַּלּוֺתִי Joshua 5:9, וְגָָֽלֲלוּ consecutive Genesis 29:3,8; Imperative גֹּל Psalm 22:9 (ᵑ0 De; but ᵐ5 Bi Che read גַּל 3 masculine singular perfect, so AV RVm) Proverbs 16:3, גּוֺל Psalm 37:5, גַּל Psalm 119:22 (but read גֹּל Ew Hi Ri Gr Che), גֹּלּוּ Joshua 10:18; 1 Samuel 14:33; Participle גֹּלֵל Proverbs 26:27; — roll a stone Proverbs 26:27; roll away stone from upon (מֵעַל) the mouth of a well Genesis 29:3,8; roll stones unto (אֶל) the mouth of a cave Joshua 10:18; stone unto (אֶל) Saul, at which to slay beasts 1 Samuel 14:33; figurative reproach from upon (מֵעַל) the people Joshua 5:9 (subject ׳י), compare Psalm 119:22 (followed by מֵעַל); but also דַּרְכֶּ֑ךָ׳גּוֺל עַליֿ Psalm 37:5, compare Psalm 22:9; Proverbs 16:3 (both followed by אֶלֿ).
Niph`al Perfect וְנָגֹלּוּ consecutive Isaiah 34:4; Imperfect וְיִגַּל (jussive) Amos 5:24; — roll, roll up or along (intransitive), וְנָגֹלּוּ כַסֵּפֶר הַשָּׁמַיִם Isaiah 34:4 and the heavens shall roll up like a book; יִגַּל כַּמַּיִם מִשְׁמָּט Amos 5:24 let judgement roll along (flow down) as the waters.
Pilpel Perfect וְגִלְגַּלְתִּיךָ consecutive Jeremiah 51:25 and I will roll thee down from (מִן) the rocks (subject ׳י; object Babylon under figure of mountain)
Po`al Participle שִׂמְלָהמְגוֺלָלָה בְדָמִים Isaiah 9:4 garment rolled (dabbled, rolled over and over) in blood.
Hithpo`el Infinitive לְהִתְגֹּלֵל Genesis 43:8; Participle מִתְגֹּלֵל 2 Samuel 20:12; rol oneself over and over, בַּדָּם׳וַעֲמָשָׂא מִתְג 2 Samuel 20:12 now Amasa was wallowing in his blood; figurative Genesis 43:18 עָלֵינוּ׳לְהִתְג to roll himself upon us, i.e. assail us with overwhelming force ("" וּלְהִתְנַמֵּלעָלֵינוּ).
Hithpalpel Perfect הִתְגַּלְגָּ֑לוּ Job 30:14 (absolute; "" כְּפֶרֶץ רָחָב יֶאֱתָ֑יוּ) compare Hithpo`el Genesis 43:8.
Hiph`il Imperfect וַיָּ֫גֶל Genesis 29:10; — roll away stone from upon (מֵעַל) mouth of well; as
Qal (which it really Isaiah , Imperfect in i, according to Ba ZMG 1888,178).
גלל (√ of following; Biblical Hebrew גלל; Palmyrene גללא Lzb250 SAC36 Cooke334, = στήλη λιθίνη).
גָּלַל 1 pers. גַּלּוֹתִי, but pl. גָּֽלְלוּ Genesis 29:3, Genesis 29:8, imp. גֹּל, גּוֹל, once גַּל Psalms 119:22, to roll, as stones, Genesis 29:3, Genesis 29:8. Met. followed by מֵעַל to roll off, or away from any one, e. g. reproach, Joshua 5:9; Psalms 119:22 followed by אֶל and עַל to transfer what is rolled away from oneself to another; Psalms 37:5, גּוֹל עַל־יְהֹוָה דַּרְכֶּךָ “roll upon Jehovah thy way,” i.e. commit all thy concerns to God; Proverbs 16:3, גֹּל אֶל־יְהֹוָה מַעֲשֶׂיךָ “commit to Jehovah whatever thou doest.” Ellipt. Psal. 22:9, where the poet [Christ] speaks of his enemies as deriding his confidence in God and saying, גֹּל אֶל־יְהֹוָה יְפַלְּטֵהוּ “let him devolve his matters upon Jehovah, let him deliver him;” so that גֹּל may be taken as the third person of the imperative, or “he devolved” etc., so that גֹּל is the infinitive put for the finite verb.
Note. The genuine power of this root is expressed by the Germ. rollen, which, like this, is also onomatopoetic. It is one very widely extended, imitating the noise of a globe or other round body rolled forward quickly. It is applied therefore in derivatives.
(a) to things that are round, globular, or rolling, as נַּלְגַּל a wheel, also a whirlwind; גָּלִיל a ring, מְגִלָּה a volume, a roll, Rolle, גֻּלְגֹּלֶת skull, גֵּלֶל, a ball of dung, גֹּל, גֻּלָּה a reservoir for oil.
(b) to heavy things, such as would be rolled and not carried, whence גַּל a heap of stones, גִּלּוּלִים trunks, stocks (Kldße), so called from being rolled; גְּלָל a large stone. (Arab. جَلَلُ an important affair.) It is used also
(c) of waves of water rolling themselves onwards, like the German and English quellen, to well, whence גַּל, גַּלִּים Germ. Wellen. From this most fertile monosyllabic stock, have also sprung the tri-literal roots אָנַל, Arab. اجل, עָגַל whence עֲנָלָה a cart, and with a third radical added at the end, גָּלַם to roll up, גְּלֹם. גֹּלֶם Lat. glomus, glom eravit, globus, Klumpen. In the Hebrew language it has also the sister roots גִּיל to go into a circle, and with a palatal turned into a guttural חוּל, חִיל, אוּל, אִיל (which see); also it has a vast number of offsets in the western languages, especially in Greek. Comp. κέλλω, κίλλω (Valck. ad Herod. vii. 155), κυλίω, κυλίνδω (גלם), κόλλοψ, κόλλαβος, κόλλιξ, κύλλος (comp. κοῖλος), κόλλυρα (a round cake, כִּכָּר), and with the palatal rejected or else put at the end, ἴλλω, εἴλω, εἰλέω, εἰλύω, ἴλη, οὖλος, ἴουλος, ἴλιγγος, ἔλιξ and ἑλίσσω etc. Lat. volvo, Lat. med. callus, i.q. French gallet, caillou (גַּל), Germ. Galle, Gölle i.q. Duelle, quellen, wallen, wälzen, onomat. kullern, Swed. kula, and Lower Germ. Kaul (whence Kugel).
When any thing is rolled along on a rough gravelly soil, so as to make a scraping sound, this is expressed by roots made harsh with the canine letter ר; גָּרַל, גָּרַר, כָּרַר the effects of which are not less widely diffused.
Niphal נָגֹל plur. נָגֹלּוּ fut. יִגַּל.
(1) to be rolled, of the waves of water, Amos 5:24.
(2) to be rolled up, used of the heaven; rolled up like a book, Isaiah 34:4.
Poal, to be rolled in blood, i.e. to be stained with blood, Isaiah 9:4.
Hithpoel id., 2 Samuel 20:12. Followed by עַל to roll oneself upon any one, i.e. to rush upon him, Genesis 43:18.
Pilpel גִּלְגַּל i.q. Kal No. 1, to roll, to roll down, Jeremiah 51:25.
Hithpalpel הִתְגַּלְגַּל to roll oneself down, used of an attacking, enemy, Job 30:14.
Hiphil, fut. וַיָּגֶל to roll, to roll down a stone, Genesis 29:10.
Derivatives, see note under Kal.