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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #4014 - περιαιρέω

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G4012) and (G138) (including its alternate)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to take away that which surrounds or envelopes a thing
  2. metaph. to take away altogether or entirely
    1. the guilt of sin, to expiate perfectly
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1556 ‑ גָּלַל (gaw‑lal');  5337 ‑ נָצַל (naw‑tsal');  5437 ‑ סָבַב (saw‑bab');  5493 ‑ שׂוּר (soor, soor);  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  6561 ‑ פָּרַק (paw‑rak');  6565 ‑ פָּרַר (paw‑rar');  7311 ‑ רָמַם (room);  7918 ‑ שָׁכַךְ (shaw‑kak');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (5)
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
NAS (7)
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 2
Hebrews 2
CSB (5)
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
BSB (5)
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
ESV (4)
Acts 2
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
WEB (5)
Acts 3
2 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

περιαιρ-έω, aor. περιεῖλον Hdt. 3.159, etc.:

1. take away something that surrounds, strip off, remove, c. acc. rei, τεῖχος Hdt.l.c., cf. 6.46, Th. 1.108, 4.51, 133; π. τὸν κέραμον taking off the earthen jar into which the gold had been run, Hdt. 3.96; π. τὸν χιτῶνα Arist. HA 557b20; δέρματα σωμάτων π . strip skins off from . ., Pl. Plt. 288e; αὐτοῦ τὰ κοινὰ πάντα περιελόντες Id. Sph. 264e; π. τινὰ αὐτοῦ τῆς ἐξουσίας Hdn. 3.11.3; simply, take away from, τῶν πολεμικῶν τὸ μελετᾶν X. Cyr. 2.1.21, etc.: Med., take off from oneself, π. τὴν κυνέην, τὴν σφρηγῖδα, take off one's helmet, one's signet-ring, Hdt. 2.151, 3.41; τὰς ταινίας Pl. Smp. 213a; βυβλίον περιαιρεόμενος taking [the cover] off one's letter, i. e. opening it, Hdt. 3.128; π. τὴν ἐξουσίαν τῆς ἀπολογίας αὑτοῦ Lycurg. 35: but Med. is freq. used like Act., strip off, take away, τὸ περιελέσθαι αὐτῶν τὰ ὅπλα X. Cyr. 8.1.47; εἴ τις περιελοιτο τῆς ποιήσεως τὸ μέλος Pl. Grg. 502c (v.l. for περιέλοι ) τὴν Ἀττικὴν ὑμῶν περιῄρηνται D. 19.220; ἁπάντων τὴν ἐλευθερίαν περιείλετο Id. 18.65; περιείλοντό μου ὑποζύγια δύο PCair.Zen. 659.7 (iii B. C.): Pass., to be taken off, τοὐπίβλημ' ἐπεὶ περιῃρέθη Nicostr.Com. 15; τοῦ ἄλλου περιῃρημένου when the rest has been taken away, Th. 3.11; περιῃρημένων τοσούτων κακῶν Pl. Phdr. 231b; τείχη περιῃρημένα D. 19.65 .

2. make void, cancel a vow, LXX Numbers 30:13 .

3. strike off, cancel an item in an account, PCair.Zen. 147 (iii B. C.): Pass., Sammelb. 5136.8 (iii A. D.) . II Pass., c. acc. rei, to be stripped of a thing, have a thing taken off or away from one, περιῃρημένοι χρήματα καὶ συμμάχους D. 3.31; περιαιρεθεὶς τὰ ὄντα Id. 21.138; τοὺς στεφάνους περιῄρηνται Id. 26.5: with acc. understood, περιαιρεθήσεσθαι ἤμελλον Epicur. Nat. 15.34 .

Thayer's Expanded Definition

περιαιρέω, περιαίρω: 2 aorist infinitive περιελεῖν (participle plural περιελόντες; passive, present 3 person singular περιαιρεῖται); imperfect 3 person singular περιῃρεῖτο; from Homer down; the Sept. chiefly for הֵסִיר;

a. to take away that which surrounds or envelops a thing (cf. περί, III. 1): τό κάλυμμα, passive, 2 Corinthians 3:16 (πορφύραν, 2 Macc. 4:38; τόν δακτύλιον, Genesis 41:42; Josephus, Antiquities 19, 2, 3); ἀγκύρας, the anchors from both sides of the ship (R. V. casting off), Acts 27:40; (2 aorist participle, absolutely, in a nautical sense, to cast loose, Acts 28:13 WH (others περιελθόντες)).

b. metaphorically, to take away altogether or entirely: τάς ἁμαρτίας (with which one is, as it were, enveloped), the guilt of sin, i. e. to expiate perfectly, Hebrews 10:11; τήν ἐλπίδα, passive, Acts 27:20.

STRONGS NT 4014a: περιάπτω περιάπτω: 1 aorist participle περιαψας; (from Pindar down);

1. to bind or tie around, to put around (περί, III. 1); to hang upon, attach to.

2. to kindle a fire around (or thoroughly; see περικρύπτω, περικαλύπτω, περικρατής, περίλυπος, etc.) (Phalaris, epistle 5, p. 28): Luke 22:55 T WH Tr text

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

περι -αιρέω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H5493 hi.;]

to take away that which surrounds, take away, take off (τείχη , Hdt., Thuc.; χιτῶνα , Plat.; δακτύλιον , Genesis 41:42, cf. σφρηγῖδα , Hdt., ii, 151) : τ . κάλυΜΜα , pass., 2 Corinthians 3:16; as nautical term (RV, cast off), ἀγκύρας , Acts 27:40; absol., to cast loose: Acts 28:13. Metaph., to take away entirely: ἐλπίς , pass., Acts 27:20; ἁμαρτίας , Hebrews 10:11.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

";breadth"; : BGU IV. 1157.9 (B.C. 10) πλάτους πηχῶς ἕνδεκα, and similarly P Oxy II. 242.15 (A.D. 77), P Giss I. 42.2, al. (A.D. 117). Cf. πλάτυμμα in BGU I. 162.3 (ii/iii A.D.) ἄλλο πλάτυμμα ἓν χρυσοῦν, and πλάτυσμα, ";tile,"; in Herodas III. 46.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
περιαιρεθήσεται περιαιρεθήσονται περιαιρειται περιαιρείται περιαιρεῖται περιείλαντο περιείλατο περιείλε περιείλεν περιείλετο περιείλον περίελε περιελεί περιελειν περιελείν περιελεῖν περιελείς περιέλεσθε περιελέτω περιέλη περιέλης περιελομένη περιελόμενος περιελοντες περιελόντες περιελού περιελώ περιελών περιηργυρωμένα περιηργυρωμέναι περιηργυρωμένοι περιηρειτο περιηρείτο περιῃρεῖτο periaireitai periaireîtai perieireîto periēireîto perielein perieleîn perielontes perielóntes periereito periēreito
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