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Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #2106 - εὐδοκέω
- it seems good to one, is one's good pleasure
- think it good, choose, determine, decide
- to do willingly
- to be ready to, to prefer, choose rather
- to be well pleased with, take pleasure in, to be favourably inclined towards one
1. to be well pleased or content, Plb. 2.49.2, al.; ἐάν.. Id. 29.12.8: c. part., Id. 15.36.6: c. dat., to be content with, find pleasure in a person or thing, Id. 18.52.5, D.S. 17.47, D.H. 8.74; τῇ ἀδικίᾳ 2 Thessalonians 2:12; ἔν τινι LXX Isaiah 62:4, al., 2 Corinthians 12:10, al.; εἴς τινα 2 Peter 1:17; ἐπί τινι LXX Ju. 15.10: also c. acc., τινα ib. Genesis 33:10; [ ἐγγύους ] SIG 672.27 (Delph., ii B. C.); ἡ γῆ -ήσει τὰ σάββατα LXX Leviticus 26:34.
2. consent, approve, c. dat., τοῖς γεγραμμένοις PLond. 3.1168.15 (i A. D.), al.; τῇ δημοσιώσει POxy. 1273.40 (iii A. D.); also ἐπί τινι PTeb. 317.33 (ii A. D.), al.: freq. abs. in legal documents, PRyl. 120.24 (ii A. D.), etc.
3. c. inf., consent, agree to do, Plb. 1.78.8, al. (and c. acc. et inf., consent that.., Id. 1.8.4, LXX 2 Maccabees 14:35); to be ready, willing, PGrenf. 1.1.17 (ii B. C.), 1 Thessalonians 2:8. determine, resolve, Luke 12:32, etc.
4. to be content, happy, Phld. D. 1.1: — also in Med., τῆς εὐδοκουμένης ζωῆς Id. Mort. 36.
5. Med., = Act. in signf. 1, ἐπί τινι Plb. 1.8.4; τινι Id. 3.31.6, D.S. 15.16 codd.; περί τινος Phld. Rh.Supp. p.44S.
II Pass., to be favoured, i.e. prosper, LXX 1 Chronicles 29:23 :
1. c. dat., find approval with, τισι Plb. 1.88.4, al.
2. to be approved, ὑπό τινων BGU 1157.12 (i B. C.). III of persons or things, to be well-pleasing or acceptable, find favour with, τινι Plb. 20.5.10, Max.Tyr. 32.5; τὰ -οῦντα ἑαυτῷ Phld. Rh.Supp. p.54 S. c. acc. et gen., deem worthy of, τινα τιμῆς PLond. 1.3.6 (ii B. C.).
† εὐ -δοκέω , -ῶ
(on the derivation, v. EL, § 28, 6),
1. c. inf. (Polyb., al.), to be well pleased, to think it good, to give consent (so freq. in Papyri in legal documents; Milligan, Th., 22 f.): Luke 12:32, Romans 15:26-27, 1 Corinthians 1:21, Galatians 1:15, Colossians 1:19, R, mg. (ICC, in l, but v. infr.), 1 Thessalonians 2:8; 1 Thessalonians 3:1; μᾶλλον εὐ ., 2 Corinthians 5:8; c. acc et inf. (Polyb., i, 8, 4), Col, l.c., R, txt. (Lft., in l).
2. to be well pleased or take pleasure with or in a person or thing;
(a) c. dat. (Polyb., al.; 1 Maccabees 1:43, 1 Esdras 4:39): 2 Thessalonians 2:12;
(b) as freq. in LXX,
(α ) c. acc: Matthew 12:13, Hebrews 10:5; Hebrews 10:8 (LXX);
(β ) seq. ἐν (cf. Heb. בּ H7521, Psalms 149:4): Matthew 3:17; Matthew 17:5, Mark 1:11, Luke 3:22 (on the tense, v. M, Pr., 134 f.; DCG, i,
308 b), 1 Corinthians 10:5, 2 Corinthians 12:10, Hebrews 10:38 (LXX);
(c) seq. εἰς : 2 Peter 1:17. (Cf. συν -ευδοκέω , and v. Cremer, 213 f.; Field, Notes, 48 f.; DCG, i, 355a.)†
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
It may be well to illustrate somewhat at length the different constructions of this characteristically Jewish Greek verb. In P Lond 3.6 (B.C. 146 or 135) (= I. p. 46) ηὐδόκησάς με τῆς τιμ [ῆς τ ]οῦ ἡμίσους τοῦ [τρί ]του λογείας τῶν κειμένων νεκρῶν, the meaning apparently is, ";you have granted me the honour of the half of the third offering collected for the dead (mummies)."; The construction with the inf. to denote determination, as in Luke 12:32, comes out in P Tebt II. 591 (ii/iii A.D.) ὅτι οὐκ εὐδόνηκα (l. ηὐδόκηκα) οὐδένα πέμψαι ἐκθὲς οὐδὲ σήμερον, and to denote readiness, as in 1 Thessalonians 2:8, in P Grenf I. 1.17 (ii/B.C.) εὐδοκῶ ζήλῳ δουλεύειν, ";I have goodwill to serve thee zealously."; For the constr. with the dat., which is found in the best texts of 2 Thessalonians 2:12, cf. the common legal phrase εὐδοκῶ πᾶσι τοῖς προγεγραμμένοις as in P Lond 1168.15 (A.D. 18) (= III. p. 136), and such passages as P Oxy II. 261.17 (A.D. 55) εὐδοκεῖ γὰρ τῇδε τῇ συστάσει, ";for she gives her consent to this appointment,"; ib. IV. 725.47 (A.D. 183) ὁ [δ ]ὲ Ἡρακλᾶς εὐδοκῶν τούτοις πᾶσι, and ib. X. 1273.40 (A.D. 260) διὰ τὸ ἐντεῦθεν εὐδοκεῖν τῇ ἐσομένῃ δημοσιώσει, ";because both sides now agree to the future publication"; (Edd.), and for the constr. with ἐπί cf. P Oxy I. 94.15 (A.D. 83) εὐδοκεῖν γὰρ αὐτὸν ἐπὶ τούτο [ι ]ς, so ib. 97.18 (A.D. 115–6), ib. IV. 726.22 (A.D. 135), and P Tebt II. 317.33 (A.D. 174–5) εὐδοκῶ γὰρ ἐπὶ τούτοις ἵν [α ] ᾖ, ";for I consent to these provisions"; (Edd.). We are unable to illustrate the Bibl. constr. with ἐν from our documents, but see Polyb ii. 12. 3. The verb is used absolutely in P Ryl II. 155.17 (A.D. 138–61) ε ]ὐ ̣δοκ ̣ῖν τὴν μητέρα Θασῆν, ";her mother Thases approves"; : cf. such an attesting signature as ib. 120.24 (A.D. 167) Ἑρμεῖνος ] Ἑρμέου εὐδοκῶ, and the phrase ἐξ εὐδοκούντων, ";by consent"; in P Tebt II. 382.3 (B.C. 30–A.D. 1), al. See also the marriage-contract P Oxy III. 496.8 (A.D. 127) where the husband is not allowed to dispose of certain property χωρὶς εὐδοκούσης τῆς γαμουμένης, ";without the consent of the bride"; : cf. Gradenwitz Einführung i. p. 160 ff. As showing the difficulty of getting an adequate translation for the verb, it may be mentioned that Plummer (2 Cor. p. 153) has pointed out that the Vg renders it in ten different ways in its fifteen occurrences in the Epp., and five different ways in the six occurrences in the Gospels, three of which differ from all the renderings in the Epp. On the derivation of εὐδοκέω straight from εὖ δοκεῖ, ";it pleases me well,"; fused into a closer union by usage, see Moulton Gr. ii, § 109.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11