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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1905 - ἐπερωτάω

Transliteration
eperōtáō
Phonetics
ep-er-o-tah'-o  
Word Origin
from (1909) and (2065)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
2:687,262
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to accost one with an enquiry, put a question to, enquiry of, ask, interrogate
  2. to address one with a request or demand
    1. to ask of or demand of one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1245 ‑ בָּקַשׁ (baw‑kash');  1875 ‑ דָּרַשׁ (daw‑rash');  6030 ‑ עָנָה (aw‑naw');  7136 ‑ קָרָה (kaw‑raw');  7592 ‑ שָׁאֵל (shaw‑al', shaw‑ale');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (59) NAS (55) HCS (56)
Matthew 8
Mark 25
Luke 18
John 2
Acts 3
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 8
Mark 25
Luke 17
John 1
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
Matthew 8
Mark 25
Luke 17
John 2
Acts 2
Romans 1
1 Corinthians 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-3P 10
V-AAI-3S 18
V-AAM-2S 1
V-AAN 3
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-APP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-IAI-3P 9
V-IAI-3S 8
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAM-3P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-PAP-NPM 1
V-AAI-3P 6
V-AAI-3S 15
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAN 3
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 1
V-IAI-3P 8
V-IAI-3S 9
V-PAI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAM-3P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
V-AAI-3P 10
V-AAI-3S 18
V-AAM-2S 1
V-AAN 3
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-APP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-IAI-3P 9
V-IAI-3S 8
V-PAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAM-3P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DPM 1
NA WH
V-AAD-2P 1
V-AAN 2
V-PAPDPM 1
V-AAI-3P 7
V-AAI-3S 16
V-AAM-2P 1
V-AAN 3
V-AAP-NSM 1
V-APP-NSM 1
V-FAI-1S 2
V-IAI-3P 10
V-IAI-3S 10
V-PAI-1S 2
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAM-3P 1
V-PAN 1
V-PAP-ASM 1
V-PAP-DPM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπερωτ-άω,

Ion. ἐπειρ-,

1. consult, inquire of, c. acc. pers., τὸ χρηστήριον, τὸν θεόν, εἰ.. Hdt. 1.53, Th. 1.118, etc.; τινὰ περί τινος Hdt. 1.32, cf. Orac. ap. D. 43.66; later, ἐν τῷ θεῷ LXX Jd. 18.5: Pass., to be questioned, asked a question, Th. 5.45, Pl. Sph. 250a.

2. c. acc. rei, ask a question, ταῦτα, τάδε, Hdt. 1.30, 55, cf. Antipho 1.10; also, ask about a thing, [ τὰς ναῦς] καὶ τὸν πεζόν Hdt. 7.100; σμικρόν τι τῶν ῥηθέντων call it in question, Pl. Prt. 329a; ἐ. θυσίαις καὶ οἰωνοῖς ὅ τι χρὴ ποιεῖν inquire what.., X. Oec. 5.19; ἐ. ἐς.. inquire about, LXX 2 Kings 11:7 : Pass., τὸ ἐπερωτηθέν the question asked, v.l. in Pl. Tht. 146e.

3. c. acc. pers. et rei, ἐ. τοὺς προφήτας τὸ αἴτιον Hdt. 9.93 codd.; ἐπηρώτα ὑμᾶς τὸ ἐκ τοῦ νόμου κήρυγμα Aeschin. 1.79.

4. abs., put a question, esp. of a chairman putting a question to the vote, D. 22.9, SIG 898.17 (Chalcis, iii A.D.), al.

5. in Roman Law, put a formal question in stipulatio, most freq. in Pass., POxy. 905.19 (ii A.D.), etc.: also in Act., ib. 1273.41 (iii A.D.). hence later, guarantee, PIand. 48.9 (vi A.D.).

6. ask a further question, SIG 953.49 (Calymna, ii B.C.), al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπερωτάω, ἐπερωτῶ; imperfect ἐπηρώτων; future ἐπερωτήσω; 1 aorist ἐπηρώτησα; 1 aorist passive participle ἐπερωτηθείς; the Sept. mostly for שָׁאַל, sometimes for דָּרַשׁ;

1. to accost one with an inquiry, put a question to, inquire of, ask, interrogate (ἐπί directive, uniformly in the N. T.; Meyer on Mark 11:29 (cf. ἐπί, D. 2)): τινα, Mark 9:32; Mark 12:34; Matthew 22:46; Luke 2:46; 1 Corinthians 14:35; John 18:21 R G; τινα τί, ask one anything, Mark 7:17 L T Tr WH; ; Luke 20:40; τινα περί τίνος, one about a thing, Mark 7:17 R G; (Luke 9:45 Lachmann) (Herodotus 1, 32; Demosthenes 1072, 12); followed by λέγων with the words used by the questioner, Matthew 12:10; Matthew 17:10; Mark 9:11; Mark 12:18; Luke 3:10, 14; Luke 20:27; Luke 23:3 (R G L), and often in the Synoptic Gospels; followed by εἰ, whether, Mark 8:23; Mark 15:44; Luke 23:6; or some other form of the indirect question, Acts 23:34; ἐπηρώτων λέγοντες (L T Tr WH omit λέγοντες), τίς εἴη, Luke 8:9; ἐπερωτᾶν Θεόν to consult God (Numbers 23:3; Joshua 9:20 (14); Judges 1:1; Judges 18:5; Isaiah 19:3, etc.; Thucydides 1, 118 (etc.)), hence, to seek to know God's purpose and to do his will, Romans 10:20 from Isaiah 65:1.

2. by a usage foreign to the Greeks, to address one with a request or demand; to ask of or demand of one: followed by the infinitive Matthew 16:1 (so ἐπερωτᾶν τινα τί, Hebrew שָׁאַל, in Psalm 136:3 (); (this sense is disputed by some; see Zezschwitz as referred to at end of next word; cf. Weiss on Matthew, the passage cited, and see ἐρωτάω, 2)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπ -ερωτάω , - ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7592, also for H1875, etc.;]

1. to inquire of, consult, question: c. acc pers., Mark 12:34, Luke 2:46, al.; c. dupl. acc, Mark 7:17; Mark 11:29, Luke 20:40, al.; c. acc pers., seq. λέγων , Matthew 12:18, Mark 9:11; εἰ , Mark 8:23, Luke 23:6, al.; . θεόν , Romans 10:20 (LXX).

2. In late Gk., to beg of, demand of: c. acc pers. et inf., Matthew 16:1 (cf. ἐρωτάω ; and v. Cromer, 716).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For this verb in its ordinary NT sense of ";ask,"; see P Hib I. 72.15 (B.C. 241) ἀποσταλεὶς Ἀ. πρὸς τὸν [ἐν τῶι ] ἀδύτω ̣ι ̣ Χ. ἐπηρώτα εἰ ὑπάρχει ἐν τῶι ἱερῶι. . . ἡ σφραγίς, ";A. having been sent to Ch. in the sanctuary asked him if the seal was in the temple";; P Flor III. 331.3 (ii/A.D.) ἐπερωτώμενος ὑπ [ ] σου περὶ τῶν ἐντὸς περιχώμα [τος ἀν ]αγραφομένων. . . προσφωνῶ ὡς ὑπόκειται. For a ";remarkably early example"; of the stipulatory formula ἑπερωτηθεὶς ὡμολόγησα cf. P Oxy VI. 905.20 (A.D. 170) (= Selections, p. 87) κυρία ἡ συνγραφὴ δισσὴ γραφεῖσα πρὸς τὸ ἑκάτερον μέρος ἔχειν μοναχόν, καὶ ἐπερωτη [θέν ]τες ἑαυτοῖς ὡμολόγησαν, ";the contract is valid, being written in duplicate in order that each party may have one : and in answer to the formal question they declared to each other their consent."; Other examples of the same formula (cf. Modica Introduzione, p. 128) are P Gen I. 42.31 (A.D. 224–5), P Fay 90.22 (A.D. 234), P Tebt II. 378.30 (A.D. 265) : in P Oxy X. 1273.41 (A.D. 260) we have—περὶ δὲ τοῦ ταῦτα ὀρθῶς καλῶς γείνεσθαι ἀλλήλους ἐπερωτήσαντ [ε ]ς ὡμολόγησαν, ";and to each other’s questions whether this is done rightly and fairly they have given their assent"; (Edd.). Cf. the technical use of the verb in P Oxy X. 1277.14 (A.D. 255) βεβαιώσω καὶ ἐπερώτημε (l.μαι) ὡς πρόκειται, ";I will guarantee (the sale) and have been asked the formal question as aforesaid,"; and in the late P Iand 48.9 (A.D. 582) διὰ Μ ̣η ̣νᾶ οἰκέτου τοῦ ἐπερωτῶντος καὶ προσπορίζ (οντος) . . . τὴν ἀγογὴν καὶ ἐνοχήν with the editor’s note.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επερωτά επερωταν επερωτάν ἐπερωτᾷν ἐπερωτᾶν επερωτάς επερωτατωσαν επερωτάτωσαν ἐπερωτάτωσαν Επερωτηθεις επερωτηθείς Ἐπερωτηθεὶς επερωτησαι επερωτήσαι επερωτήσαί ἐπερωτῆσαι επερωτήσαντι επερωτησας επερωτήσας ἐπερωτήσας επερωτησατε επερωτήσατε ἐπερωτήσατε επερωτήση επερωτήσομεν επερώτησον επερωτήσουσι επερωτήσουσιν Επερωτησω επερωτήσω Ἐπερωτήσω Επερωτω Ἐπερωτῶ επερωτών επερωτωντα επερωτώντα ἐπερωτῶντα επερωτώντος επερωτώσι επερωτωσιν επερωτώσιν ἐπερωτῶσιν επηρωτα επηρώτα ἐπηρώτα επηρώτησα επηρωτησαν επηρώτησαν ἐπηρώτησαν επηρώτησας επηρώτησε επηρώτησέ επηρωτησεν επηρώτησεν ἐπηρώτησεν ἐπηρώτησέν επηρωτων επηρώτων ἐπηρώτων eperota eperṓta epērōta epērṓta eperotā̂in eperōtā̂in eperotan eperōtan eperotatosan eperotátosan eperōtatōsan eperōtátōsan eperotesai eperotêsai eperōtēsai eperōtē̂sai eperotesan eperṓtesan epērōtēsan epērṓtēsan eperotesas eperotḗsas eperōtēsas eperōtḗsas eperotesate eperotḗsate eperōtēsate eperōtḗsate eperotesen eperṓtesen eperṓtesén epērōtēsen epērṓtēsen epērṓtēsén Eperoteso Eperotḗso Eperōtēsō Eperōtḗsō Eperotetheis Eperotetheìs Eperōtētheis Eperōtētheìs Eperoto Eperotô Eperōtō Eperōtō̂ eperoton eperṓton epērōtōn epērṓtōn eperotonta eperotônta eperōtōnta eperōtō̂nta eperotosin eperotôsin eperōtōsin eperōtō̂sin
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