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Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical DictionaryGreek Lexicon

Strong's #1904 - ἐπέρχομαι

Root Word (Etymology)
from (G1909) and (G2064)
Parts of Speech
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  1. to come to arrive
    1. of time, come on, be at hand, be future
  2. to come upon, overtake, one
    1. of sleep
    2. of disease
    3. of calamities
    4. of the Holy Spirit, descending and operating in one
    5. of an enemy attacking one
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 268 ‑ אָחֹר (aw‑khore', aw‑khore');  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  935 ‑ בּוֹא (bo);  1468 ‑ גּוּז (gooz);  1518 ‑ גֹּהַ (ghee'‑akh, go'‑akh);  1980 ‑ הָלַךְ (haw‑lak');  2498 ‑ חָלַף (khaw‑laf');  2904 ‑ טוּל (tool);  3318 ‑ יָצָא (yaw‑tsaw');  5064 ‑ נָגַר (naw‑gar');  5307 ‑ נָפַל (naw‑fal');  5413 ‑ נָתַךְ (naw‑thak');  5674 ‑ עָבַר (aw‑bar');  5844 ‑ עָטָה (aw‑taw');  5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  6168 ‑ עָרָה (aw‑raw');  6424 ‑ פָּלַס (paw‑las');  6597 ‑ פִּתְאֹם (pith‑ome', pith‑ome');  6965 ‑ קוּם (koom);  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7378 ‑ רוּב (reeb, roob);  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7896 ‑ שִׁית (sheeth);  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  
Frequency Lists
Verse Results
KJV (10)
Luke 4
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
James 1
NAS (9)
Luke 3
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
James 1
CSB (10)
Luke 4
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
James 1
BSB (10)
Luke 4
Acts 4
Ephesians 1
James 1
ESV (9)
Luke 4
Acts 3
Ephesians 1
James 1
WEB (11)
Luke 4
Acts 5
Ephesians 1
James 1
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


impf. ἐπηρχόμην Th. 4.120 (unless fr. ἐπάρχομαι: Att. impf. is ἐπῇα (but v. ἔρχομαι) and fut. ἔπειμι): aor. 2 ἐπῆλθον, -ήλῠθον: pf. -ελήλυθα:

I come upon:

1 of persons, approach, c. dat., Il. 12.200, 218, etc.; esp. come suddenly upon, Od. 19.155, Hdt. 6.95: c. acc., ἐ. πόλιν E. HF 593 codd. (nisi leg. ἐς-); come to for advice, μάντεις, μοῦσαν, Id. Supp. 155, Hel. 165, cf. Pl. Lg. 772d: with Preps., ἐ. ἐς ποταμόν Od. 7.280, cf. S. Aj. 438: metaph., ἐ. ἐς λόγου στάσιν Id. Tr. 1180; ἐ. ἐς πόλεμον Th. 3.47; ἐ. ἐνθάδε Il. 24.651. freq. in hostile sense, go or come against, attack, abs., 12.136, al., Th. 1.90, etc.: c. dat., Il. 20.91, E. Ba. 736, Th. 6.34, etc.: rarely c. acc., τμήδην αὐχέν' ἐπῆλθε Il. 7.262; τὴν τῶν πέλας ἐ. invade it, Th. 2.39: hence, visit, reprove, ταῦτα μέν σε πρῶτ' ἐπῆλθον E. IA 349, cf. Andr. 688: with a Pr, invade, ἐπὶ τὴν οἰκίαν PFay. 12.12 (ii B.C.). come forward to speak, E. Or. 931, Th. 1.119, Pl. Lg. 850c; ἐ. ἐπὶ τὸν δῆμον, ἐπὶ τοὺς ἐφόρους, Hdt. 5.97, 9.7; ἐπὶ τὸ κοινόν Th. 1.90; τοῖς Αακεδαιμονίοις ib. 91. in Law, proceed against, ἐπί τινα PEleph. 3.3 (iii B.C.); ἐπί τινα περί τινος PAmh. 2.96.8 (iii A.D.); τινὶ περί τινος POxy. 489.11 (ii A.D.); ἐπὶ πιττάκιον impugn, BGU 1167.14 (i B.C.): also in aor. 1 ἐπελεύσασθαι PStrassb. 35.25 (ii B.C.), etc. (ἐπιπορεύομαι (q. v.) is more common in the pres. in the Hellenistic period.)

2. of events, conditions, etc., come upon, esp. come suddenly upon, c. acc., μιν.. ἐπήλυθε νήδυμος ὕπνος Od. 4.793, al., cf. Hdt. 2.141; ἔρως γὰρ ἄνδρας οὐ μόνους ἐπέρχεται E. Fr. 431: c. dat., τοῖσιν ἐπήλυθε νήδυμος ὕπνος Od. 12.311, cf. 5.472; μοι νοῦσος ἐπήλυθεν 11.200; βροτοῖσιν.. ὅταν κλύδων κακῶν ἐπέλθῃ A. Pers. 600, cf. Ag. 1256; ἐπῆλθέ μοι πάθος Pl. Lg. 811d, etc.

3. c. dat. pers., come into one's head, occur to one, ἵμερος ἐπειρέσθαι μοι ἐπῆλθε Hdt. 1.30; ὅ τι ἂν ἐπέλθῃ Lat. quicquid in buccam venerit, Isoc. 12.24: impers. c. inf., καί οἱ ἐπῆλθε πταρεῖν Hdt. 6.107, cf. S. Tr. 134 (lyr.); ἐμοὶ τοιαῦτ' ἄττα ἐ. λέγειν Pl. Grg. 485e, etc.; also ἐπέρχεταί με λέγειν Id. Phd. 88d.

4. come in, of revenues, etc., ἐπερχόμενοι τόκοι, ἐπιβολαί, BGU 155.11 (ii A.D.), 1049.16 (iv A.D.).

II of Time,

1. come on, ἐπήλυθον ὧραι the season came round again, Od. 2.107, etc.; also, come on, be at hand, νὺξ δ' ἄρ' ἐπῆλθε 14.457; γῆρας ἐ. Thgn. 528, 728; ἕκαθεν ἐπελθὼν ὁ μέλλων χρόνος Pi. O. 10(11).7; τὸ παρὸν τό τ' ἐπερχόμενον πῆμα and that which is coming, the future, A. Pr. 98.

2. come in after or over another, of a second wife, Hdt. 5.41.


1. go over or on a space, traverse, mostly of persons, c. acc., πολλὴν γαῖαν Od. 4.268; ἀγρόν 16.27; ἄγκεα πολλά Il. 18.321, cf. Od. 14.139, Hdt. 1.30; go the round of, visit, δόμους S. El. 1297; ναοὺς χοροῖς Id. Ant. 153 (lyr.); πόλιν, of a god, Maced. Pac. 29; of an officer, πύλας φυλακάς τ' ἐπῆλθον E. Ph. 699; τὰς ξυνωμοσίας ἐπελθών Th. 8.54; walk on ice, Id. 3.23; also of water, ἐπέρχεται ὁ Νεῖλος τὸ Δέλτα overflows it, Hdt. 2.19, cf. A. Supp. 559 (lyr.), Th. 3.89.

2. go through or over, discuss, recount, c. acc., Hes. Fr. 160.4 codd. Str., Ar. Eq. 618; review, τὰ εἰρημένα περί τινος Arist. EN 1172b8; also ἐ. περί τινος Id. Ph. 189b31, al.; folld. by an interrog., πειρατέον ἐπελθεῖν τίνες.. Id. Pol. 1289b24; πῶς δεῖ.. ἐπέλθωμεν συντόμως ib. 1317a15.

3. accomplish, πολέμῳ καὶ διαχειρίσει πραγμάτων Th. 1.97. come up to, imitate, πάτρῳ Pi. P. 6.46.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπέρχομαι; future ἐπελεύσομαι; 2 aorist ἐπῆλθον (3 person plural Ἐπῆλθαν, Acts 14:19 L T Tr WH); the Sept. chiefly for בּוא;

1. to come to, to arrive;

a. universally, followed by ἀπό with a genitive of place, Acts 14:19.

b. of time; to come on, be at hand, be future: ἐν τοῖς αἰῶσι τοῖς ἐπερχομένοις, Ephesians 2:7 (Isaiah 41:4, 22, 23; in Greek writings from Homer down); of that which time will bring, to impend: ταλαιπωρία ἐπερχομενη, James 5:1: τίνι, Luke 21:26 (Isaiah 63:4; also of things favorable, εὐλογία, Sir. 3:8).

2. to come upon, overtake, one; so even in Homer, as of sleep, τινα, Odyssey 4, 793; 10, 31; τίνι, 12, 311: of disease, 11, 200: ἐπί τινα, a. of calamities: Luke 21:35 R G; Acts 8:24; Acts 13:40 (L T Tr text WH omit; Tr marginal reading brackets ἐφ' ὑμᾶς) (Genesis 42:21; Micah 3:11; Zephaniah 2:2; 2 Chronicles 20:9; Jeremiah 5:12 (here ἥξει)).

b. of the Holy Spirit, descending and operating in one: Luke 1:35; Acts 1:8.

c. of an enemy attacking one: ἐπελθών νικήσῃ αὐτόν, Luke 11:22; (Homer, Iliad 12, 136; 1 Samuel 30:23; with the dative of person Herodian, 1, 8, 12 (6 Bekker)).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
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All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

* ἐπ -εισ -έρχομαι ,

[in LXX: 1 Maccabees 16:16 (c. dat.) *;]

to come in upon: seq. ἐπί Luke 21:35.†

ἐπ -έρχομαι ,

[in LXX for H935, H5674, etc.;]

1. to come to, arrive, come on: seq. ἀπό , c. gen. loc., Acts 14:19 (ἐπῆλθαν ; cf. M, Pr., 65; Deiss., BS, 191); of time, Ephesians 2:7.

2. to come upon (as in Hom.): of calamities, Luke 21:26, Acts 8:24; Acts 13:40, James 5:1; of an enemy, Luke 11:22; of the Holy Spirit, Luke 1:35, Acts 1:8, [in LXX: γίγνομαι ἐπί , Judges 14:6, 1 Kings 11:6, al.].†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

ἐπέρχομαι is common in the sense ";proceed against,"; ";make a claim against,"; e.g. P Eleph 3.3 (B.C. 284–3) μὴ ἐξέστω δὲ Ἀντιπάτρωι ἐπελθεῖν ἐπ᾽ Ἐλάφιον εἰσπράττοντι τροφεῖα, P Ryl II. 174.15 (A.D. 112) καὶ μὴ ] ἐπελεύσ [εσθ ]αι μήτε αὐτὴν Ἡρακλοῦν μηδὲ τοὺς παρ᾽ αὐτῆς [ἐπὶ τὴν ] Τασουχάρ [ιον, ";and that neither Heraclous herself nor her assigns will proceed against Tasoucharion,"; and especially the phrase μηδὲν ἐνκαλεῖν μηδ᾽ ἐνκαλέσειν μηδ᾽ ἐπελεύσεσθαι, as P Oxy X. 1282.29 (A.D. 83) ib. II. 266.16, .21 (A.D. 96), ib. I. 91.22 (A.D. 187), P Fay 94.7 (A.D. 222–35) al. For the meaning ";come upon"; with the idea of violence, as in Luke 11:22 (cf. 1.35, ";an illapse sudden and irresistible,"; Swete Holy Spirit in NT, p. 26), see P Ryl II. 116.12 (A.D. 194) ἐπῆλθέ μοι μετὰ Σερήνου, ";assaulted me with the aid of Serenus,"; and cf. BGU I. 22.13 (A.D. 114) (= Selections, p. 75) Ταορσενοῦφις. . . ἐπελθοῦσα ἐν τὴν οἰκία (l. οἰκίαν) μου ἄλογόν μοι ἀηδίαν συνεστήσατο, ";T. having burst into my house picked a brutal quarrel with me."; In P Oxy I. 69.15 (A.D. 190) ἐπέλευσις = ";raid,"; ";robbery"; — ἐξέτασιν ποιήσασθαι περὶ τῆς γενομένης ἐπελεύσεως, ";to make due inquiry about the robbery"; (Edd.), and in P Fay 26.14 (A.D. 150) τῶν ἐκ τῆς ἐπελεύσεως φανέν [των the editors suggest as an alternative translation ";review,"; ";examination."; See also P Oxy XII. 1562.22 (A.D. 276–82) ὁμολογῶ μηδεμίαν ἔφοδον ἢ ἐπέλευσιν ἔχ [ειν πρὸς τὸν Δ., and for ἐπελευστικός, cf. P Oxy VIII. 1120.10 (early iii/A.D.) ἵνα μὴ φανῇ ἐπελευστικός, ";so that he should not seem indictable"; (Ed.).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεισελευσεται ἐπεισελεύσεται επελευσεται επελεύσεται επελεύσεταί ἐπελεύσεται επελεύσομαι επελθείν επελθη επέλθη ἐπέλθῃ επέλθης επέλθοι επελθόν επελθόντα επελθόντες επελθοντος επελθόντος ἐπελθόντος επελθόντων επελθούσαν επελθούσης επελθων επελθών ἐπελθὼν επέρχεται επερχόμενα επερχομεναις επερχομέναις ἐπερχομέναις επερχομένας επερχομενοις επερχομένοις ἐπερχομένοις επερχόμενον επερχομενων επερχομένων ἐπερχομένων επέρχονται επεχόμενον Επηλθαν Ἐπῆλθαν επήλθε επήλθεν epeiseleusetai epeiseleúsetai epeleusetai epeleúsetai Epelthan Epêlthan Epēlthan Epē̂lthan epelthe epelthē epélthei epélthēi epelthon epelthōn epelthṑn epelthontos epelthóntos eperchomenais eperchoménais eperchomenois eperchoménois eperchomenon eperchomenōn eperchoménon eperchoménōn
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