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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #1937 - ἐπιθυμέω

Transliteration
epithyméō
Phonetics
ep-ee-thoo-meh'-o  
Word Origin
from (1909) and (2372)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:168,339
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to turn upon a thing
  2. to have a desire for, long for, to desire
  3. to lust after, covet
    1. of those who seek things forbidden
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 183 ‑ אָוָה (aw‑vaw');  559 ‑ אָמַר (aw‑mar');  977 ‑ בָּחַר (baw‑khar');  2530 ‑ חָמַד (khaw‑mad');  2654 ‑ חָפֵץ (khaw‑fates');  2836 ‑ חָשַׁק (khaw‑shak');  3700 ‑ כָּסַף (kaw‑saf');  7235 ‑ רָבָה (raw‑baw');  7592 ‑ שָׁאֵל (shaw‑al', shaw‑ale');  8581 ‑ תָּעַב (taw‑ab');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (16) NAS (16) HCS (16)
Matthew 2
Luke 4
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Luke 4
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
Matthew 2
Luke 4
Acts 1
Romans 2
1 Corinthians 1
Galatians 1
1 Timothy 1
Hebrews 1
James 1
1 Peter 1
Revelation 1
BYZ TIS TR
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-2S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-2S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAP-NSM 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-2S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAP-NSM 1
NA WH
V-AAI-1S 1
V-AAI-3P 1
V-FAI-2S 1
V-PAI-3S 1
V-AAI-1S 2
V-AAI-3P 2
V-AAN 1
V-FAI-2P 1
V-FAI-2S 2
V-FAI-3P 1
V-IAI-3S 1
V-PAI-1P 1
V-PAI-2P 2
V-PAI-3P 2
V-PAI-3S 2
V-PAP-NSM 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἐπιθῡμ-έω,

set one's heart upon a thing, long for, covet, desire, c. gen. rei, Hdt. 2.66, A. Ag. 216, etc.: also c. gen. pers., Lys. 3.5, X. An. 4.1.14 (later c. acc. pers., [ Men. ] ap. Clem.Al. Strom. 5.119, Tab.Defix. Aud. 271.45 (Hadrumetum, iii A.D.)); of political attachments, τῶν ἡμετέρων πολεμίων And. 4.28; ὀλιγαρχίας Lys. 20.3: c. inf., desire to do, πλῶσαι Hdt. 1.24; ἀπικνέεσθαι ib. 116; περισσὰ δρᾶν S. Tr. 617, etc.: abs., desire, covet, Th. 6.92; ὁ ἀεὶ-ῶν Pl. Prt. 313d, etc.; τὸ ἐπιθυμοῦν τοῦ πλοῦ, = ἐπιθυμία, eagerness for it, Th. 6.24: Pass., to be desired, τὰ ἐπιθυμούμενα Pl. Phlb. 35d.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

ἐπιθυμέω, ἐπιθύμω; (imperfect ἐπεθύμουν); future ἐπιθυμήσω; 1 aorist ἐπεθύμησα; (θυμός); from Aeschylus down; the Sept. for אִוָּה and חָמַד; properly, "to keep the θυμός turned upon a thing, hence (cf. our to set one's heart upon) to have a desire for, long for; absolutely, to desire (A. V. lust"), James 4:2; to lust after, covet, of those who seek things forbidden, Romans 7:7; Romans 13:9 (from Exodus 20:17); 1 Corinthians 10:6 (4 Macc. 2:6); κατά τίνος, to have desires opposed to (A. V. lust against) a thing (Galatians 5:17 (Buttmann, 335 (288)); τίνος, to long for, covet a thing, Acts 20:33; 1 Timothy 3:1; of sexual desire, γυναικός, Matthew 5:28 Rec. (see below) (παιδός γυναικός, Xenophon, an. 4, 1, 14; with the genitive also in Exodus 34:24; Proverbs 21:26; Proverbs 23:3, 6; Wis. 6:12; Sir. 24:19 (18), etc.); contrary to the usage of the better Greek writings with the accusative of the object, Matthew 5:28 L Tr (WH brackets), and without an object Tdf. (Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21; Micah 2:2; Wis. 16:3; Sir. 1:26 (23), etc.; cf. Winer's Grammar, § 30, 10 b.); as often in Greek writings, followed by the infinitive: Matthew 13:17; Luke 15:16; (Luke 16:21); ; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 9:6; followed by the accusative with the infinitive Hebrews 6:11; ἐπιθυμία ἐπεθύμησα I have greatly desired, Luke 22:15; cf. Winers Grammar, § 54, 3; Buttmann, § 133, 22 a.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἐπιθυμέω , -

(< θυμός ),

[in LXX chiefly for H183 pi., hithp.; also for H2530, etc.;]

to set one's heart upon, desire, lust after, covet: absol., James 4:2, Romans 7:7; Romans 13:9 (LXX), 1 Corinthians 10:6 (of. 4 Maccabees 2:6); seq. κατά (against, in opposition to), Galatians 5:17; prop. (as in cl.) c. gen., Acts 20:33, 1 Timothy 3:1; in late Gk. also c. acc (M, Pr., 65), Matthew 5:28 (Rec. αὐτῆς ; T omits; cf. Exodus 20:17, Micah 2:2, Wisdom of Solomon 16:3, al.); c. inf., Matthew 13:17, Luke 15:16; Luke 16:21; Luke 17:22, 1 Peter 1:12, Revelation 9:6; c. acc et inf., Hebrews 6:11; as in Hebrew, ἐπιθυμία ἐπεθύμησα , Luke 22:15.†

SYN.: ὀρέγω G3713 (cf. Field, Notes, 204), θέλω (DCG. i, 453).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

For the late acc. constr. with this verb, as in Matthew 5:28 BD, cf. the Hadrumetum Memorial of iii/A.D., reproduced in BS, p. 274 ff., 45 μηδεμίαν ἄλλη [ν ] γυναῖκα μήτε παρθένον ἐπιθυμοῦντα. In P Lond 897 (A.D. 84) (= III. p. 207) after the closing word of l. .28 the following words have been written and struck out—. . με. . σε οὐκ ἐπιθυμῶι εἰς Ἀρσινοΐτην π. Other exx. of the verb are BGU I. 248.14 (ii/A.D.) ὧν κοινῆσε βούλεθαι (l. κοινῆσαι βούλεται) καὶ αὐτὸν ἐ [.] ε. [.] . . . ἐπιθυμεῖν τῶν ἠθῶν σου ἀπολαῦσαι, P Oxy VI. 963 (ii/iiiA.D.) ἀσπάζομαί σε, μῆτερ, διὰ τῶν γραμμάτων τούτων ἐπιθυμοῦσα ἤδη θεάσασθαι, and from the inscrr. Syll 226.106 (iii/B.C.) πρὸς δὲ τούτοις Θισαμάτας καὶ Σκύθας καὶ Σαυδαράτας ἐπιθυμεῖν τοῦ ὀχυρώματος (";fortress";), OGIS 764.19 (ii/B.C.) τοῖς ἄλλοις ἄρχουσιν πᾶ ]σιν καὶ Ῥωμαίων τοῖς ἐπιθυμοῦσιν καὶ τοῖς ἐλευθέροις παισίν.

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
επεθυμει επεθύμει ἐπεθύμει επεθυμησα επεθύμησα ἐπεθύμησα επεθυμησαν επεθύμησαν ἐπεθύμησαν επεθύμησας επεθύμησε επεθύμησεν επεθύμουν επιθυμει επιθυμεί επιθύμει ἐπιθυμεῖ επιθυμειτε επιθυμείτε ἐπιθυμεῖτε επιθυμή επιθύμημα επιθυμήμασι επιθυμήματα επιθυμήματος επιθυμησαι επιθυμήσαι ἐπιθυμῆσαι επιθυμήσει επιθυμησεις επιθυμήσεις ἐπιθυμήσεις επιθυμησετε επιθυμήσετε ἐπιθυμήσετε επιθυμήση επιθυμήσης επιθυμησουσιν επιθυμήσουσιν ἐπιθυμήσουσιν επιθυμουμεν επιθυμούμεν ἐπιθυμοῦμεν επιθυμούντες επιθυμούσι επιθυμουσιν επιθυμούσιν ἐπιθυμοῦσιν επιθυμων επιθυμών ἐπιθυμῶν epethumei epethumesa epethumēsa epethumesan epethumēsan epethymei epethýmei epethymesa epethymēsa epethýmesa epethýmēsa epethymesan epethymēsan epethýmesan epethýmēsan epithumei epithumeite epithumesai epithumēsai epithumeseis epithumēseis epithumesete epithumēsete epithumesousin epithumēsousin epithumon epithumōn epithumoumen epithumousin epithymei epithymeî epithymeite epithymeîte epithymesai epithymêsai epithymēsai epithymē̂sai epithymeseis epithymēseis epithymḗseis epithymesete epithymēsete epithymḗsete epithymesousin epithymēsousin epithymḗsousin epithymon epithymôn epithymōn epithymō̂n epithymoumen epithymoûmen epithymousin epithymoûsin
Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, July 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 11 / Ordinary 16
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