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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2545 - καίω

Transliteration
kaíō
Phonetics
kah'-yo  
Word Origin
apparently a primary verb
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:464,390
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to set on fire, light, burning
  2. to burn, consume with fire
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 228 ‑ אֲזָה (az‑aw', az‑aw');  398 ‑ אָכַל (aw‑kal');  1197 ‑ בָּעַר (baw‑ar');  1814 ‑ דָּלַק (daw‑lak');  3341 ‑ יָצַת (yaw‑tsath');  3344 ‑ יָקַד (yaw‑kad');  3852 ‑ לַחֶבֶת (leh‑aw‑baw', lah‑eh'‑beth);  5301 ‑ נָפַח (naw‑fakh');  5400 ‑ נָשַׂק (naw‑sak');  5927 ‑ עָלָה (aw‑law');  6186 ‑ עָרַךְ (aw‑rak');  6919 ‑ קָדַח (kaw‑dakh');  8313 ‑ שָׂרַף (saw‑raf');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (12) NAS (12) HCS (11)
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 2
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 2
1 Corinthians 1
Hebrews 1
Revelation 5
Matthew 1
Luke 2
John 2
Hebrews 1
Revelation 5
BYZ TIS TR
V-FPI-1S 3
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PPI-3S 2
V-PPP-ASF 1
V-PPP-DSF 1
V-PPP-GSF 1
V-PPP-NPF 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSF 1
V-PPP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NSN 1
V-RPP-DSN 1
V-FPI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DSF 1
V-PPP-GSF 1
V-PPP-NPF 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSF 1
V-PPP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NSN 1
V-RPP-DSN 1
V-FPI-1S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-ASF 1
V-PPP-DSF 1
V-PPP-NPF 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSF 1
V-PPP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NSN 1
V-RPP-DSN 1
NA WH
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PAI-3P 1
V-PPI-3S 1
V-PPP-DSF 1
V-PPP-GSF 1
V-PPP-NPF 1
V-PPP-NPM 1
V-PPP-NSF 1
V-PPP-NSM 2
V-PPP-NSN 1
V-RPP-DSN 1


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

καίω,

Att. κάω [], impf. ἔκαιον Od. 9.553, Att. ἔκᾱον, καῖον Il. 21.343: fut. καύσω X. Cyr. 5.4.21, (ἐπι-) Pl.Com. 186.4, (κατα-) Ar. Lys. 1218; also καύσομαι Id. Pl. 1054: aor. 1 ἔκαυσα Id. Pax 1088, Th. 7.80 (bis), Pl. Grg. 456b, etc.; ἔκηα (certain Act. and Med. forms have κει- in codd. of Hom., v. infr.), ἔκηα Il. 1.40, al.; 3 sg. ἔκηε (ν) 22.170, 24.34, al.; unaugm. κῆεν 21.349; 3 pl. ἔκηαν (v.l. ἔκειαν) Od. 22.336; imper. κεῖον 21.176 codd.; 1 pl. subj. κείομεν Il. 7.333 (κατα-), 377, 396 (better attested than κήομεν); opt. κήαι, κήαιεν, 21.336, 24.38; inf. κῆαι Od. 15.97 (v.l. κεῖαι), κατα-κῆαι 10.533, 11.46, κακκῆαι ib. 74 (v.l. κακκεῖαι); part. κείαντες 9.231, 13.26, Att. κέαντες A. Ag. 849, S. El. 757, (ἐκ-) E. Rh. 97, ἐκκέας Ar. Pax 1133 (lyr.), ἐγκέαντι IG 12.374.96,261: pf. κέκαυκα (κατα-, προς-) X. HG 6.5.37, Alex. 124.3:

Med., aor. 1 ἐκαυσάμην (ἀν-) Hdt. 1.202, 8.19; κείαντο, κειάμενοι, Il. 9.88, 234; κειάμενος Od. 16.2, 23.51:

Pass., fut. καυθήσομαι Hp. Nat.Mul. 107, (κατα-, ἐκ-) Ar. Nu. 1505, Pl. R. 362a; late κᾰήσομαι 1 Corinthians 3:15 : aor. 1 ἐκαύθην Hp. Epid. 4.4, Int. 28, (κατ-) Hdt. 1.19, Th. 3.74; and Ion. aor. 2 ἐκάην [] Il. 9.212 (κατ-), Od. 12.13, (δί-) Hp. Loc.Hom. 40, (κατ-) Hdt. 2.180; inf. καήμεναι Il. [*] 3.210, καῆναι Parth. 9.8: pf. κέκαυμαι E. Cyc. 457, Th. 4.34, etc., κέκαυσμαι Hp. Int. 28; inf. κεκαῦσθαι Arist. Mete. 343a9. (From κᾰϝ- yw.) I kindle, πυρὰ πολλά Il. 9.77; πῦρ κείαντες Od. 9.231; πῦρ κῆαι 15.97, etc.:

I Med., πῦρ κείαντο they lighted them a fire, Il. 9.88, cf. 234, Od. 16.2: Pass., to be lighted, burn, πυραὶ νεκύων καίοντο Il. 1.52; θεείου καιομένοιο 8.135; καιομένοιο πυρός 19.376, cf. Hdt. 1.86, Ar. V. 1372, etc.; φῶς πυρὸς καόμενον Pl. R. 514b; αἱ φλόγες αἱ καιόμεναι.. περὶ τὸν οὐρανόν the meteors which blaze, Arist. Mete. 341b2; of ore, to be smelted, Id. HA 552b10.

II

1. set on fire, burn, μηρία, ὀστέα, Od. 9.553, Hes. Th. 557; νεκρούς Il. 21.343; δένδρεα ib. 338: Pass., νηυσὶν καιομένῃσιν 9.602.

2. make hot, of the sun, ἀνθρώπους Hdt. 3.104: abs., ibid., Pl. Cra. 413b; [ Χείμαρρος ] ἠελίῳ κεκαυμένος smelted, AP 9.277 (Antiphil.).

3. of extreme cold, ἡ Χιὼν καίει τῶν κυνῶν τὰς ῥῖνας X. Cyn. 8.2, cf. 6.26 (Pass.); κάειν λέγεται.. τὸ ψυχρόν, οὐχ ὡς τὸ θερμόν Arist. Mete. 382b8.

4. Pass., of fever-heat, τὰ ἐντὸς ἐκάετο Th. 2.49: metaph., of passion, esp. of love, to be on fire, ἐν φρασὶ καιομένα Pi. P. 4.219; κάομαι τὴν καρδίαν Ar. Lys. 9; ἔρως.. ὕβρει καόμενος Pl. Lg. 783a; καίεσθαί τινος (sc. ἔρωτι) Hermesian. 7.37, Charito 4.6, cf. Parth. 14.2; also καομένη Ἑλλάς Greece being in a fever of excitement, Lys. 33.7.

5. suffer from inflammation, ἐκαύθη ἔσω Hp. Epid. 4.20, cf. 4.

III burn and destroy (in war), τέμνειν καὶ κ., κ. καὶ πορθεῖν, waste with fire and sword, X. HG 4.2.15, 6.5.27. of surgeons, cauterize, ὤμους Hp. Art. 11: in Pass., Id. Aph. 6.60: abs., τέμνειν καὶ κάειν to use knife and cautery, Pl. Grg. 480c, 521e, X. An. 5.8.18, etc.: rarely reversed, κέαντες ἢ τεμόντες A. Ag. 849. burn or bake pottery, κανθάρους dub. in Phryn.Com. 15.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καίω (Vanicek, p. 98); passive, present καίομαι; perfect participle κεκαυμενος; 1 future καυθήσομαι (1 Corinthians 13:3 Tdf., where R G L Tr give the solecistic future subjunctive καυθήσωμαι, on which cf. Lob. ad Phryn., p. 720f; Winers Grammar, § 13, 1 e.; Buttmann, 35f (31)); (Sophocles Lexicon, Introduction, p. 40; WHs Appendix, p. 172; Tdf Proleg., p. 122. WH text, Lachmann's stereotypeed edition read καυχήσωμαι (with א A B etc.); on this reading see WHs Appendix, ad loc.; A. W. Tyler in Bib. Sacr. for July 1873, p. 502f; cf. Scrivener, Introduction, etc., p. 629f; Tregelles, Printed Text etc., p. 191f; Tdf. ad loc.); the Sept. for בִּעֵר, שָׂרַף etc.; (from Homer down);

1. to set fire to, light: λύχνον, Matthew 5:15; passive participle καιόμενος, burning, Luke 12:35; Revelation 4:5; Revelation 8:10; Revelation 19:20; with πυρί added, Hebrews 12:18; Revelation 8:8; Revelation 21:8; in figurative discourse λύχνος καιόμενος, a light showing the right way, John 5:35 (a comparison pointed at the Jews, to whom John the Baptist had been as a torch lighted for a merry-making); metaphorically, καρδία ἦν καιομένη was glowing, burning, i. e. was greatly moved, Luke 24:32 (Winers Grammar, § 45, 5; Buttmann, § 144, 28).

2. to burn, consume with fire: passive, John 15:6; 1 Corinthians 13:3 (see above); with πυρί added (cf. igni cremare, Caesar b. g. 1, 4), Matthew 13:40 G Tr for R L T WH κατακαίεται. (Compare: ἐκκαίω, κατακαίω.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

καίω ,

[in LXX for H1197, H3344, H8313, etc.;]

1. to kindle, light: c. acc, λύχνον , Matthew 5:15; pass., to be lighted, to burn: ptcp., Luke 12:35, Revelation 4:5; Revelation 8:10; Revelation 19:20; πυρί Hebrews 12:18, Revelation 8:8; Revelation 21:8; metaph., Luke 24:32, John 5:35.

2. to burn, destroy by fire: pass., John 15:6, 1 Corinthians 13:3.†


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

P Oxy XII. 1453.18 (B.C. 30–29) τὸ καθῆκον ἔλαιον εἰς τοὺς καθ᾽ ἡμέραν λύχνους καομένους ἐν τοῖς σημαινομένοις ἱεροῖς,";the proper oil for the daily lamps burning in the temples signified"; (Edd.), P Tebt II. 273.15 (medical prescription—ii/iii A.D.) χαλκοῦ κεκαυμένου (δραχμὴ) α ̄, the magic P Lond 46.154 (iv/A.D.) (= I. p. 70) ἐγώ εἰμι οὗ τὸ στόμα καίεται δι᾽ ὅλου, and PSI I. 28.60 (iii/iv A.D. ?) καομένη πυρουμένη βασανιζομένη γοργονία. With the usage in Luke 24:32 we may compare the new erotic fragment P Grenf I. 1i. 9 (ii/B.C.) συνοδηγὸν ἔχω τὸ πολὺ πῦρ τὸ ἐν τῆι ψυχῆι μου καιόμενον, and the citation from the same papyrus s.v. κατακαίω. On the possibility of explaining the different renderings in this Lukan passage as due to a single Syriac original in three stages of corruption cf. W. C. Allen in JTS ii. p. 299. For flexions (e.g. 2 Peter 3:10) see Moulton Gr. ii. § 95. MGr καίω, καίγω, κάβω : for the metaphorical sense cf. καγμός, ";longing,"; ";desire,"; ";pain.";

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
εκαίετο καιεται καίεται καίετε καίηται καιομεναι καιόμεναι καιομενη καιομένη καιομένῃ καιομένην καιομενης καιομένης καιομενοι καιόμενοι καιομένοις καιομενον καιόμενον καιομενος καιόμενος καιομένου καιομένω καιομένων καίουσι καιουσιν καίουσιν καοιμένην καυθέντας καυθήσεται καυθήσονται καυθήσωμαι καύσαι καύσαντες καύσει καύσετε καύσουσι καύσουσιν καύσω κεκαυμενω κεκαυμένω κεκαυμένῳ kaietai kaíetai kaiomenai kaiómenai kaiomene kaiomenē kaioméne kaioménē kaioménei kaioménēi kaiomenes kaiomenēs kaioménes kaioménēs kaiomenoi kaiómenoi kaiomenon kaiómenon kaiomenos kaiómenos kaiousin kaíousin kekaumeno kekaumenō kekauménoi kekauménōi
Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, August 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 15 / Ordinary 20
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