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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #266 - ἁμαρτία

Transliteration
hamartía
Phonetics
ham-ar-tee'-ah  
Word Origin
from (264)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TDNT
1:267,44
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. equivalent to 264
    1. to be without a share in
    2. to miss the mark
    3. to err, be mistaken
    4. to miss or wander from the path of uprightness and honour, to do or go wrong
    5. to wander from the law of God, violate God's law, sin
  2. that which is done wrong, sin, an offence, a violation of the divine law in thought or in act
  3. collectively, the complex or aggregate of sins committed either by a single person or by many
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 817 ‑ אָשָׁם (aw‑shawm');  1870 ‑ דֶּרֶךְ (deh'‑rek);  2248 ‑ חֲבוּלָה (khab‑oo‑law');  2398 ‑ חָטָא (khaw‑taw');  2403 ‑ חַטָּאָה (khat‑taw‑aw', khat‑tawth');  2483 ‑ חֳלִי (khol‑ee');  2932 ‑ טֻמְאָה (toom‑aw');  4284 ‑ מַחֲשֶׁבֶת (makh‑ash‑aw‑baw', makh‑ash‑eh'‑beth);  4878 ‑ מְשֻׁבָה (mesh‑oo‑baw', mesh‑oo‑baw');  5771 ‑ עָווֹן (aw‑vone', aw‑vone');  5931 ‑ עִלָּה (il‑law');  5949 ‑ עֲלִלָה (al‑ee‑law', al‑ee‑law');  6586 ‑ פָּשַׁע (paw‑shah');  6588 ‑ פֶּשַׁע (peh'‑shah);  7200 ‑ רָאָה (raw‑aw');  7561 ‑ רָשַׁע (raw‑shah');  8441 ‑ תּוֹעֵבָה (to‑ay‑baw', to‑ay‑baw');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (174) NAS (173) HCS (173)
Matthew 7
Mark 6
Luke 11
John 13
Acts 8
Romans 39
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 2
1 Thessalonians 1
2 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 24
James 5
1 Peter 5
2 Peter 2
1 John 12
Revelation 3
Matthew 7
Mark 6
Luke 11
John 13
Acts 8
Romans 39
1 Corinthians 3
2 Corinthians 2
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 24
James 6
1 Peter 5
2 Peter 2
1 John 12
Revelation 3
Matthew 7
Mark 6
Luke 11
John 17
Acts 8
Romans 48
1 Corinthians 4
2 Corinthians 3
Galatians 3
Ephesians 1
Colossians 1
1 Thessalonians 1
1 Timothy 2
2 Timothy 1
Hebrews 25
James 7
1 Peter 6
2 Peter 2
1 John 17
Revelation 3
BYZ TIS TR
N-APF 23
N-ASF 27
N-DPF 9
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 33
N-GSF 35
N-NPF 12
N-NSF 28
N-APF 24
N-ASF 28
N-DPF 9
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 31
N-GSF 34
N-NPF 12
N-NSF 27
N-APF 23
N-ASF 27
N-DPF 9
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 33
N-GSF 35
N-NPF 12
N-NSF 28
NA WH
A-ASFC 1
N-APF 24
N-ASF 26
N-DPF 8
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 32
N-GSF 34
N-NPF 12
N-NSF 27
T-DPF 1
N-APF 24
N-ASF 27
N-DPF 11
N-DSF 7
N-GPF 33
N-GSF 35
N-NPF 12
N-NSF 28


Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἁμαρτ-ία, ἡ,

1. a failure, fault, τῶνδ' ἁ. δόμων A. Ag. 1197, etc.; οὐ τῇ ἑαυτοῦ ἁμαρτίᾳ χρῆσθαι Antipho 4.3.4; ἁ. δόξης error of judgement, Th. 1.32.

2. in Philos. and Religion, guilt, sin, Pl. Lg. 660c, al., Arist. EN 1148a3, al., LXX Genesis 18:20, al., John 8:46,al.

Thayer's Expanded Definition
 ἁμαρτία, (ας, (from 2aorist ἁμαρτεῖν, as ἀποτυχία from ἀποτύχειν), a failing to hit the mark (see ἁμαρτάνω. In Greek writings (from Aeschylus and Thucydides down). 1st, an error of the understanding (cf. Ackermann, Das Christl. im Plato, p. 59 Anm. 3 (English translation (S. R. Asbury, 1861), p. 57n. 99)). 2nd, a bad action, evil deed. In the N. T. always in an ethical sense, and

1. equivalent to τό ἁμαρτάνειν a sinning, whether it occurs by omission or commission, in thought and feeling or in speech and action (cf. Cicero, de fin. 3,9): Romans 5:12f, 20; ὑφ' ἁμαρτίαν εἶναι held down in sin, Romans 3:9; ἐπιμένειν τῇ ἁμαρτία, Romans 6:1; ἀποθνῄσκειν τῇ ἁμαρτία and ζῆν ἐν αὐτῇ, Romans 6:2; τήν ἁμαρτίαν γινώσκειν, Romans 7:7; 2 Corinthians 5:21; νεκρός τῇ ἁμαρτία Romans 6:11; περί ἁμαρτίας to break the power of sin, Romans 8:3 (cf. Meyer); σῶμα τῆς ἁμαρτίας the body as the instrument of sin, Romans 6:6; ἀπάτη τῆς ἁμαρτίας the craft by which sin is accustomed to deceive, Hebrews 3:13; ἄνθρωπος τῆς ἁμαρτίας (ἀνομίας T Tr text WH text) the man so possessed by sin that he seems unable to exist without it, the man utterly given up to sin, 2 Thessalonians 2:3 ( Winer's Grammar, § 34,3Note 2). In this sense ἁμαρτία (equivalent to τό ἁμαρτάνειν) as a power exercising dominion over men ( sin as a principle and power) is rhetorically represented as an imperial personage in the phrases ἁμαρτία βασιλεύει, κυριεύει, κατεργάζεται, Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12,14; Romans 7:17,20; δουλεύειν τῇ ἁμ. Romans 6:6; δοῦλος τῆς ἁμ. John 8:34 ( WH brackets; G omits τῆς ἁμ.); Romans 6:17; νόμος τῆς ἁμ. the dictate of sin or an impulse proceeding from it, Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2; δύναμις τῆς ἁμ. 1 Corinthians 15:56; (the prosopopaeia occurs in Genesis 4:7 and, according to the reading ἁμαρτία, in Sirach 27:10). Thus, ἁμαρτία in sense, but not in signification, is the source whence the several evil acts proceed; but it never denotes vitiosity.

2. that which is done wrong, committed or resultant sin, an offence, a violation of the divine law in thought or in act ( ἁμαρτία ἐστιν ἀνομία, 1 John 3:4);

a. generally: James 1:15; John 8:46 (where ἁμαρτία must be taken to mean neither error, nor craft by which Jesus is corrupting the people, but sin viewed generally, as is well shown by Lücke at the passage and Ullmann in the Studien und Kritiken for 1842, p. 667ff (cf. his Sündlosigkeit Jesu, p. 66ff (English translation of the 7th edition, p. 71 f)); the thought Isaiah , 'If anyone convicts me of sin, then you may lawfully question the truth and divinity of my doctrine, for sin hinders the perception of truth'); χωρίς ἁμαρτίας so that he did not commit sin, Hebrews 4:15; ποιεῖν ἁμαρτίαν and τήν ἁμαρτίαν John 8:34; 1 John 3:8; 2 Corinthians 11:7; 1 Peter 2:22; ἔχειν ἁμαρτίαν to have sin as though it were one's odious private property, or to have done something needing expiation, equivalent to to have committed sin, John 9:41; John 15:22,24; John 19:11; 1 John 1:8 (so αἷμα ἔχειν, of one who has committed murder, Euripides, Or. 514); very often in the plural ἁμαρτίαι (in the Synoptative Gospels the singular occurs but once: Matthew 12:31); 1 Thessalonians 2:16; ( James 5:16 L T Tr WH); Revelation 18:4f, etc.; πλῆθος ἁμαρτιῶν, James 5:20; 1 Peter 4:8; ποιεῖν ἁμαρτίας, James 5:15; also in the expressions ἄφεσις ἁμαρτιῶν, ἀφιέναι τάς ἁμαρτίας, etc. (see ἀφίημι, 1d.), in which the word does not of itself denote the guilt or penalty of sins, but the sins are conceived of as removed so to speak from God's sight, regarded by him as not having been done, and therefore are not punished. Ἐν ἁμαρτίαις σύ ἐγεννήθης ὅλος thou wast covered all over with sins when thou wast born i. e. didst sin abundantly before thou wast born, John 9:34; ἐν ταῖς ἁμαρτίαις ἀποθνῄσκειν to die loaded with evil deeds therefore unreformed, John 8:24; ἔτι ἐν ἁμαρτίαις εἶναι still to have one's sins, namely, unexpiated, 1 Corinthians 15:17.

b. some particular evil deed: τήν ἁμαρτίαν ταύτην, Acts 7:60; πᾶσα ἁμαρτία, Matthew 12:31; ἁμαρτία πρός θάνατον, 1 John 5:16 (an offence of such gravity that a Christian lapses from the state of ζωή received from Christ into the state of θάνατος (cf. θάνατος, 2) in which he was before he became united to Christ by faith; cf. Lücke, DeWette (especially Westcott, at the passage)).

3. collectively, the complex or aggregate of sins committed either by a single person or by many: αἴρειν τήν ἁμαρτίαν τοῦ κόσμου, John 1:29 (see αἴρω, 3c.); ἀποθνῄσκειν ἐν τῇ ἁμαρτία John 8:21 (see 2a. under the end); περί ἁμαρτίας, namely, θυσίας ( Winer s Grammar, 583 (542): Buttmann, 393 (336)), expiatory sacrifices, Hebrews 10:6 (according to the usage of the Sept., who sometimes so translate the Hebrew חֲטָאָה and חַטָּאת, e. g. Leviticus 5:11; Leviticus 7:27 (37); Psalm 39:7 (Psalm 40:7>)); χωρίς ἁμαρτίας having no fellowship with the sin which he is about (?) to expiate, Hebrews 9:28.

4. abstract for the concrete, equivalent to ἁμαρτωλός: Romans 7:7 ( νόμος ἁμαρτία, opposed to νόμος ἅγιος, Romans 7:12); 2 Corinthians 5:21 (τόν ... ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν he treated him, who knew not sin, as a sinner). Cf. Fritzsche on Romans , vol. i. 289ff; (see ἁμάρτημα; Trench, § lxvi.).

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἁμαρτία , -ας ,

(< αμαρτάνω , q.v.),

[in LXX chiefly for H2403 and cogn. forms, also for H5771, H6586, etc.;]

prop, a missing the mark; in cl. (v. reff. to OR in MM, VGT, s.v.);

(a) guilt, sin (Flat., Arist., al.);

(b) more freq., from Æsch. down, a fault, failure. In NT (as LXX) always in ethical sense;

1. as a principle and quality of action, = τὸ ἁμαρτάνειν , a sinning, sin: Romans 5:12-13; Romans 5:20; ὑφ᾽ ἁμαρτίαν εἶναι , Romans 3:9; ἐπιμένειν τῆ ἁ ., Romans 6:1; ἀποθνήσκειν , νεκρὸν εἶναι τῇ ἁ ., Romans 6:2; Romans 6:11; τὴν ἁ . γινώσκειν , Romans 7:7; σῶμα τῆς ἁ ., Romans 6:6; ἀπάτη τῆς ἁ ., Hebrews 3:13; personified as a ruling principle, . βασιλεύει , κυριεύει , etc., Romans 5:21; Romans 6:12; Romans 6:14; Romans 7:17; Romans 7:20; δουλεύειν τῇ ἁ ., Romans 6:6; δοῦλος τῆς ἁ ., Romans 6:17; νόμος τῆς ἁ ., Romans 7:23; Romans 8:2; δύναμις τῆς ἁ , 1 Corinthians 15:56 (cf. Genesis 4:7).

2. As a generic term (disting. fr. the specific terms ἁμάρτημα , q.v., etc.) for concrete wrongdoing, violation of the divine law, sin: John 8:46, James 1:15, al.; ποιεῖν (τὴν ) ., John 8:34, 2 Corinthians 11:7, 1 John 3:8; ἔχειν ἁ ., John 9:41; John 15:22; John 15:24; John 19:11, 1 John 1:8; in pl. ἁμλαρτίαι , sin in the aggregate, 1 Thessalonians 2:16 (v. Milligan, in l); ποιεῖν ἁμλαρτίας , James 5:15; πλῆθος ἁμαρτίῶν , James 5:20, 1 Peter 4:8; ἄφεσις ἀμαρτιῶν , Matthew 26:28, Mark 1:4, al.; ἐν ἁμαρτίαις εῖναι , 1 Corinthians 15:17; collectively, αἴρειν τὴν ἁ . τ . κόσμου , John 1:29; ἀποθνήσκειν ἐν τῇ ἁ ., John 8:21.

3. = ἁμάρτημα , a sinful deed, a sin: Matthew 12:31, Acts 7:60, 1 John 5:16,

SYN.: v.s. ἁμάρτημα G265.


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

In an inscription of Cyzicus territory (JHS xxvii. (1907) p. 63), which F. W. Hasluck supposes to belong to iii/B.C., we find ἁμαρτίαν μετανόει , and the word is also found in the interesting Syll 63314 ff. (ii/A.D.) which illustrates so many NT words, ὃς ἄν [sic leg.] δὲ πολυπραγμονήσῃ τὰ τοῦ θεοῦ ἢ περιεργάσηται , ἁμαρτίαν ὀφιλέτω Μηνὶ Τυράννωι , ἣν οὐ μὴ δύνηται ἐξειλάσασθαι . See also P Lips I. 119 recto3 (A.D. 274) . . . τ ]ῶν ἁμαρτιω ̣̑[ν ] τ ̣ὰς πονηρίας συνεχῶ [ς ἀ ]νορθουμένων , P Oxy VIII. 111911 (A.D. 254) αὐτὸς ὑπέσχετο ἀντὶ τῆς ἁμα ]ρτίας , ἀγνοίας π ̣ρ ̣[ ]ϕ ̣α ̣σιν ὑποτειμησάμενος , ὑποστήσεσθαι τ ̣ο ̣, [με ]τὰ τοῦτ ̣ο τὰς λειτουργίας . On the Greek conception of ἁμαρτία see CR xxv. pp. 195–7, and xxiv. pp. 88, 234.

 

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
αμαρτια αμαρτία ἁμαρτία ἁμαρτίᾳ αμαρτιαι αμαρτίαι ἁμαρτίαι αμαρτιαις αμαρτίαις ἁμαρτίαις αμαρτιαν αμαρτίαν ἁμαρτίαν αμαρτιας αμαρτίας ἁμαρτίας αμαρτιων αμαρτιών ἁμαρτιῶν amartia amartiai amartiais amartian amartias amartion amartiōn hamartia hamartía hamartiai hamartíai hamartíāi hamartiais hamartíais hamartian hamartían hamartias hamartías hamartion hamartiôn hamartiōn hamartiō̂n

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