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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2664 - καταπαύω

Word Origin
from (2596) and (3973)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to make quiet, to cause to be at rest, to grant rest
    1. to lead to a quiet abode
    2. to still, restrain, to cause (one striving to do something) to desist
  2. to rest, take rest
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 622 ‑ אָסַף (aw‑saf');  1086 ‑ בָּלָה (baw‑law');  2421 ‑ חָיָה (khaw‑yaw');  3427 ‑ יָשַׁב (yaw‑shab');  3885 ‑ לוּן (loon, leen);  5095 ‑ נָהַל (naw‑hal');  5117 ‑ נוּחַ (noo'‑akh);  5314 ‑ נָפַשׁ (naw‑fash');  7280 ‑ רָגַע (raw‑gah');  7503 ‑ רָפָה (raw‑faw');  7673 ‑ שָׁבַת (shaw‑bath');  7725 ‑ שׁוּב (shoob);  7902 ‑ שִׁכְבָה (shek‑aw‑baw');  7931 ‑ שָׁכַן (shaw‑kan');  8252 ‑ שָׁקַט (shaw‑kat');  8313 ‑ שָׂרַף (saw‑raf');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (4) NAS (4) HCS (4)
Acts 1
Hebrews 3
Acts 1
Hebrews 3
Acts 1
Hebrews 3
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 3
V-AAI-3P 1
V-AAI-3S 3

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


poet. καππαύω Pi. N. 9.15, B. Scol.Oxy. 1.2:

I put an end to, stop, κατέπαυσα θεῶν Χόλον Od. 4.583; μηνιθμὸν καταπαυσέμεν ( fut. inf.) Il. 16.62; πόλεμον καταπαυσέμεν ἀνδρῶν 7.36; νεῖκος κ. Hes. Th. 87; τὴν ναυπηγίην Hdt. 1.27; νόσους A. Supp. 586 (lyr.); λιγυρὰν γᾶρυν B.l.c.; αἱμορραγίαν Gal. 16.777; bring to a close, τὸν λόγον Plb. 2.8.8; τὸ σύγγραμμα Phld. Po. 5.26; κ. τὸν πρῶτον λόγον εἰς.. conclude the first section and proceed to.., Olymp. in Mete. 78.9: Med., πόνους -παυόμενοι E. Hel. 1154 (lyr.): Pass., -παύεται τὰ ἀρρωστήματα τοῖς τῶν ἰατρῶν εὑρήμασι D. 26.26.


1. c. acc. pers., put an end to, i.e. kill, τάχα κέν σε.. ἔγχος ἐμὸν κατέπαυσε Il. 16.618; σοῦ κ. τὰς πνοάς Ar. Av. 1397.

2. make one stop from a thing, hinder, check, μιν καταπαύσῃ ἀγηνορίης ἀλεγεινῆς Il. 22.457; παῖδας καταπαυέμεν ἀφροσυνάων Od. 24.457; so κ. τινὰ δρόμου Pl. Plt. 294e: c. part., κ. ταύτην λαλοῦσαν Men. 66.5: c. acc. only, keep in check, τινα Od. 2.244 (cf. 168), Il. 15.105.

3. depose from power, κ. τινὰ τῆς ἀρχῆς, τῆς βασιληΐης, Hdt. 4.1, 6.64; τοὺς τυράννους Id. 5.38, cf. 2.144, 7.105; Μούσας depose them from their honours, cease to worship them, E. HF 685 (lyr.): Pass., τῆς βασιληΐης κατεπαύσθη Hdt. 1.130, cf. 6.71. put down, τὴν ἑωυτοῦ ἀρχήν Id. 1.86; τὴν Κύρου δύναμιν ib. 90; δῆμον Th. 1.107; τοὺς τετρακοσίους Id. 8.97; τιμὰς ἐνέρων E. Alc. 31 (anap.).

III Pass. and Med. (fut. -πᾰήσομαι PMag.Lond. 121.916), leave off, cease, Ar. Eq. 1265; λόγος κ. ἐν.. Pl. Phlb. 66c: c. part., οὐ -παήσεται ἐρχομένη PMag. l.c. Act. used intr. like Med., μολπᾶν δ' ἄπο.. καταπαύσας πόσις.. ἔκειτο E. Hec. 918 (lyr., s. v.l.); εὐημερῶν κατάπαυσον rest while you are well off, Com.Adesp. 110.8, cf. LXX Genesis 8:22, al.; κ. τοῦ πορευθῆναι ib. 1 Kings 12:24.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταπαύω: 1 aorist κατεπαυσα; (κατά, like the German nieder down);

1. transitive, (the Sept. for הֵנִיחַ, הִשְׁבִּית) to make quiet, to cause to be at rest, to grant rest; i. e.

a. to lead to a quiet abode: τινα, Hebrews 4:8 (Exodus 33:14; Deuteronomy 3:20; Deuteronomy 5:33; Deuteronomy 12:10; Joshua 1:13, 15; 2 Chronicles 14:7; 2 Chronicles 32:22; Sir. 24:11).

b. to still, restrain, to cause (one striving to do something) to desist: followed by τοῦ μή and an infinitive, Acts 14:18 (cf. Buttmann, § 140, 16 β.; Winer's Grammar, 325 (305)).

2. intransitive, to rest, take rest (Hebrew נוּחַ, שָׁבַת): ἀπό τίνος, Hebrews 4:4, 10,(Genesis 2:2). In the same and other senses in Greek writings from Homer down.

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -παύω ,

[in LXX for H5117, H7673, etc.;]

1. trans.,

(a) to cause to cease, restrain: Acts 14:18;

(b) to cause to rest: Hebrews 4:8.

2. Intrans., to rest: seq. ἀτό , Hebrews 4:4 (LXX), Hebrews 4:10.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

See Anz Subsidia, p. 294 f. Herwerden (Lex. ) cites καταπαυστικός of a musical pause from Philodemus De Musica (ed. Kemke) p. 20.33 ταραχῶν εἶ [ναι κ ]ατα [πα ]υστικὸν (sc. τὸ μέλος).


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταπαυομένης καταπαύσαι καταπαύσασθαι καταπαύσει καταπαύσεις κατάπαυσεις καταπαύση καταπαύσις καταπαύσονται καταπαύσουσι καταπαύσω καταπαυσώμεν καταπαύσωμεν καταπαύσωσιν καταπεπελματωμένα κατέπαυον κατεπαυσαν κατέπαυσαν κατέπαυσας κατέπαυσε κατέπαυσέ κατεπαυσεν κατέπαυσεν κατεπένθησεν katepausan katépausan katepausen katépausen
Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 26th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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