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Bible Lexicons

Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2704 - καταφθείρω

Word Origin
from (2596) and (5351)
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Thayer | Strong | Mounce ]
Thayer's Definition
  1. to corrupt, deprave
    1. corrupted in mind
  2. to destroy
    1. to be destroyed, to perish
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1238 ‑ בָּקַק (baw‑kah');  2254 ‑ חָבַל (khaw‑bal');  4743 ‑ מָקַק (maw‑kak');  5034 ‑ נֵבֶל (naw‑bale');  7843 ‑ שָׁחַת (shaw‑khath');  8074 ‑ שָׁמֵם (shaw‑mame');  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word | Parsing ]
Verse Results
KJV (2) NAS (1) HCS (1)
2 Timothy 1
2 Peter 1
2 Timothy 1
2 Timothy 1
V-2FPI-3P 1
V-2FPI-3P 1

Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions


fut. - φθερῶ Plu. 2.24o d:

1. destroy, bring to naught, στρατόν, πόλιν, ἔθνη, A. Pers. 345, S. OT 331, Pl. Lg. 697d, cf. Democr. 159; ἔργα νομήων Theoc. 25.122; κατέφθαρται ὄλβος A. Pers. 251; ἐπεὶ δέ χ' εἵκω οἴκαδις καταφθερείς in sorry plight, Epich. 35.13; - φθαρεὶς τὸν βίον Men. Epit. 429, cf. Raccolta Lumbroso 17 (iii B.C.); δένδρα -εφθαρμένα IG 9(2).1109.74 (Coropa, ii B.C.), cf. PMagd. 11.9 (iii B.C.), etc.

2. corrupt, τινα Plu.l.c.

Thayer's Expanded Definition

καταφθείρω: perfect passive participle κατεφθαρμενος; 2 future passive καταφθαρήσομαι; (see κατά, III. 4);

1. to corrupt, deprave; κατεφθαρμένοι τόν νοῦν, corrupted in mind, 2 Timothy 3:8.

2. to destroy; passive to be destroyed, to perish: followed by ἐν with the dative indicating the state, 2 Peter 2:12 R G. (From Aeschylus down.)

Thayer's Expanded Greek Definition, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006, 2011 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights rserved. Used by permission.
Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

κατα -φθείρω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H7843 hi., Genesis 6:12, al.;]

1 to destroy entirely.

2. In moral sense (as LXX), to deprave, corrupt: pass. pf. ptcp., seq. τ . νο ν , 2 Timothy 3:8.†

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

καταφθείρω occurs in connexion with an accident to a corn-ship, where Steps are taken ὅπως ἂν μὴ καταφθείρηται τὰ πλοῖα ἐπὶ τῶν τόπων (P Magd 11.9—B.C. 221). For injury to persons, see P Petr II. 12(2).13 (B.C. 241) where a petitioner demands investigation into certain charges against her adversary—ἵνα μὴ τὸν πλείω χρόνον καταφθείρωμα [ι : cf. ib. 19 (1 b).2, a petition from a prisoner, συμ ]βῆι μοι καταφθαρῆναι ἐν [τῆι φυλακῆ ]ι, and PSI IV. 377.11 (B.C. 250–49) ἵνα μὴ ἐνταῦθα καταφθείρωμαι. From the inscrr. we may cite Syll 790.74 (i/ B.C.) ἐπεὶ τὰ ὑπάρχοντα [δ ]ένδρα. . . εἰσὶν κατεφθαρμένα, ὑπολαμβάνομεν δὲ ἀναγκαῖ [ον ] εἶναι κτλ. For the subst. see P Par 63.126 (B.C. 164) (= P Petr III. p. 28) τοὺς ἀνθρώπους ἐκ τηλι ̣κ ̣α ̣ύτης καταφθ (ο)ρᾶ [ς ] α ̣̓ρ ̣τ [ ]ως ἀνακτωμένους, ";the population just recovering from so great a distress"; (Mahaffy), P Tor I. 1iii. 8 (B.C. 117) διὸ ἀξιῶ ἐμβλέψαντα εἰς τὴν γεγενημένην μοι καταφθορὰν ὑπὸ ἀσεβῶν ἀνθρώπων. . συντάξαι κτλ., OGIS 339.5 (c. B.C. 120) τὴν ἀπαντωμένμν καταφθορὰν τῶν ἰδίων τοῖς ὑπὲρ τῆς πόλεως πρεσβεύουσιν ὑπολογιζόμενος.


The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
καταφθαρήσεται καταφθαρήση καταφθαρήσονται καταφθείραι καταφθείρει καταφθείρη καταφθείρω καταφθοράν κατεφθαρμένη κατεφθαρμενοι κατεφθαρμένοι κατέφθειραν κατέφθειρε κατεφθείρετο katephtharmenoi katephtharménoi
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 27th, 2020
the Week of Proper 25 / Ordinary 30
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