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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #02719 - חֶרֶב

Transliteration
chereb
Phonetics
kheh'-reb  
Word Origin
from (02717)
Parts of Speech
Noun Feminine
TWOT
732a
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) sword, knife

1a) sword

1b) knife

1c) tools for cutting stone

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 32 ‑ ἄγγελος (ang'‑el‑os);  3057 ‑ λόγχη (long'‑khay);  3162 ‑ μάχαιρα (makh'‑ahee‑rah);  4171 ‑ πόλεμος (pol'‑em‑os);  4501 ‑ ῥομφαία (hrom‑fah'‑yah);  4604 ‑ σίδηρος (sid'‑ay‑ros);  4967 ‑ σφαγή (sfag‑ay');  5408 ‑ φόνος (fon'‑os);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (413) NAS (413) HCS (408)
Genesis 6
Exodus 8
Leviticus 7
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 19
Judges 23
1 Samuel 19
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 8
1 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 9
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 1
Job 10
Psalms 18
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 62
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 79
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 8
Micah 3
Nahum 3
Zephaniah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 3
Genesis 6
Exodus 8
Leviticus 7
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 7
Joshua 19
Judges 23
1 Samuel 19
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 9
2 Kings 8
1 Chronicles 8
2 Chronicles 8
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 1
Job 11
Psalms 18
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 1
Isaiah 18
Jeremiah 62
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 79
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 8
Micah 3
Nahum 3
Zephaniah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 3
Genesis 6
Exodus 8
Leviticus 7
Numbers 9
Deuteronomy 8
Joshua 20
Judges 23
1 Samuel 21
2 Samuel 14
1 Kings 11
2 Kings 8
1 Chronicles 11
2 Chronicles 8
Ezra 1
Nehemiah 2
Esther 1
Job 11
Psalms 18
Proverbs 4
Song of Solomon 2
Isaiah 22
Jeremiah 71
Lamentations 4
Ezekiel 91
Daniel 1
Hosea 5
Joel 1
Amos 8
Micah 4
Nahum 3
Zephaniah 1
Haggai 1
Zechariah 3
BYZ TIS TR
n-cfp 5
n-cfpc 3
n-cfs 341
v-qi3mp 1
n-cfp 5
n-cfpc 3
n-cfs 316
v-qi3mp 1
n-cfp 5
n-cfpc 3
n-cfs 316
v-qi3mp 1
NA WH


Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

2199) brh (ההרב HhRB) AC: Waste CO: Sword AB: ?: [from: rh- heat]

V) brh (ההרב HhRB) - Waste: A dry wasteland. Also a place that has been laid waste and made desolate. [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (41): (vf: Paal, Niphal, Hiphil, Hophal, Pual, Participle) waste, dry, desolate, slay, decay, destroy - Strongs: H2717 (חָרַב), H2718 (חֲרַב)

Nf) brh (ההרב HhRB) - I. Sword:A weapon used to lay waste a city. II. Waste:A dry or desolate place. KJV (423): sword, knife, dagger, axe, mattock - Strongs: H2719 (חֶרֶב), H2720 (חָרֵב)

Nf1) ebrh (ההרבה HhRBH) - Waste: KJV (50): waste, desolate, desert, decayed, dry land, dry ground - Strongs: H2723 (חָרְבָּה), H2724 (חָרָבָה)

gm) brfh (ההורב HhWRB) - I. Heat: II. Waste: KJV (16): heat, dry, drought, waste, desolation - Strongs: H2721 (חֹרֶב)

jm) nfbrh (ההרבונ HhRBWN) - Drought: KJV (1): drought - Strongs: H2725 (חֲרָבוֹן)

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 חֶ֫רֶב411 noun feminine Isaiah 21:15 sword (as weapon; Aramaic חַרְבָּא, , Zinjirli חרב; Arabic dart, javelin) — absolute חֶ֫רֶב Genesis 3:24 +; חָ֑רֶב Exodus 17:13 +; construct חֶ֫רֶב Deuteronomy 33:29 +; suffix חַרְבִּי Exodus 15:9 13t.; חַרְבְּךָ Genesis 27:40 7t.; חֵרְבֶּ֑ךָ 1 Samuel 17:33; Psalm 17:13; חַרְבּוֺ Numbers 22:23 24t.; חַרְבְּכֶם Jeremiah 2:30; Ezekiel 33:26; חַרְבָּם Psalm 37:15; Psalm 44:4; plural חֲרָבוֺת Isaiah 21:15 5t.; construct חַרְבוֺת Joshua 5:2 2t.; suffix חַרְבוֺתָיו Ezekiel 26:9; חַרְבוֺתָם Isaiah 2:4 5t.; חַרְבֹתֵיהֶם Micah 4:3 2t.; —

1. a. sword, as weapon of war Genesis 48:22 (E), Judges 7:14,20; 1 Samuel 21:9, and so in all periods; two-edged (short) sword וְלָהּ שְׁנֵי פֵיוֺ֖ת גֹּמֶד אָרְכָּהּ׳ח Judges 3:16, compare מִּיּוֺת׳ח Proverbs 5:4 (in simile), מִּיפִיּוֺת׳ח Psalm 149:6; see also ׳צוּר ח edge of sword Psalm 89:44.

b. gird on sword = ׳חָגַר הח 1 Samuel 17:39; 1 Samuel 25:13 (3t. in verse); Psalm 45:4 (׳הח׳ח עַל יָרֵך), שִׂים על ירך Exodus 32:27, compare especially 2 Samuel 20:8.

c. draw the sword ׳הֵרִיק הח Exodus 15:9; Leviticus 26:33; Ezekiel 5:2,12; Ezekiel 12:14; Ezekiel 28:7, ׳הוציא הח Ezekiel 21:8; Ezekiel 21:10, ׳פתח הח Psalm 37:14; Ezekiel 21:33, נטשׁ Isaiah 21:15 (Gr Che לטשׁ see below); usually ׳שׁלף הח Numbers 22:23,31; Joshua 5:13; Judges 3:22; Judges 8:10,20; Judges 9:54; 1 Samuel 17:51; 1 Samuel 31:4 = 1 Chronicles 10:4; 1 Chronicles 21:16, and as characteristic of warriors ׳שֹׁלֵף ח Judges 20:2,15,17,25,35,46; 2 Samuel 24:9; 2 Kings 3:26; 1 Chronicles 21:5 (twice in verse); ׳וַתִּדְבַּק יָדוֺ אֶלהַֿח 2 Samuel 23:10, insert also in "" 1 Chronicles 11:13 (Dr).

d. whet, sharpen the sword ׳לטשׁ הח Psalm 7:13 (compare Isaiah 21:15 above), but also שׁנן Deuteronomy 32:41 compare Psalm 64:4, הוּחַדָּה Ezekiel 21:14; Ezekiel 21:16.

e. put up the sword into the sheathאֶלנְֿדָנָהּ ׳הֵשִׁיב הח 1 Chronicles 21:27 ( sheath of sword is elsewhere תַּעַר 1 Samuel 7:51; 2 Samuel 20:8; Jeremiah 47:6; Ezekiel 21:8).

f. slay with sword הרג׳בח Joshua 10:11; Joshua 13:22 +; in ימותו אנשׁים 1 Samuel 2:33, insert בְּחֶרֶב before אנשׁיםᵐ5 We Dr; rarely ׳הכה בח Joshua 11:10; 2 Kings 19:37 = Isaiah 37:38; very often ׳הִכָּה לְפִיחֿ smite according to the mouth of the sword i.e. as the sword can devour ( 2 Samuel 2:26; 11:25) = without quarter Numbers 21:24 (E) Deuteronomy 13:16; a Deuteronomy 20:13; Joshua 11:11,12,14 (all D) Judges 18:27; Judges 21:10; 1 Kings 10:25; Job 1:15,17; also with העיר as sole object Joshua 8:24; Joshua 10:28,30,32,35,37, compare Joshua 10:39; Joshua 19:47; Judges 1:8,25; Judges 20:37; 1 Samuel 22:19 (twice in verse); 2 Samuel 15:14; ׳הרג לפיחֿ Genesis 34:26 (J); ׳החרים לפיחֿ Deuteronomy 13:16b (including הָעִיר in object), Joshua 6:21; 1 Samuel 15:8, ׳חלשׁ לפיחֿ Exodus 17:13 (E); ׳נפל לפיחֿ Joshua 8:24; Judges 4:16; ׳ל֗֗֗פיחֿ׳וַיָּהָם י Judges 4:15; — (׳לפיחֿ is chiefly in Joshua and Judges (21t.), in Hexateuch only J E D; but Job post-exilic).

g.׳אכלה הח etc., of the sword as devouring:תּאֹכֵל חַרְבִּי בָשָׂר Deuteronomy 32:42 (poetry), 2 Samuel 2:26; 2 Samuel 11:25; 2 Samuel 18:8; Isaiah 1:10; Jeremiah 2:30; Jeremiah 46:10,14; Nahum 2:14.

h. slain by sword is ׳חֲלַלחִֿ Numbers 19:16 (P) and frequently Ezekiel , ׳חַלְלֵיחֿ Ezekiel 31:17,18; Ezekiel 32:21,25,28,29,30,32; Ezekiel 35:8 ׳מְחֻלְלֵי ח Ezekiel 35:26 < Co ׳חלליחֿ (on text of Ezekiel 32:20,22,31see Co).

i.׳שְׁבֻיוֺת ח Genesis 31:26 are captives of (taken by) sword.

j. sword frequently agent of ׳י Judges 7:20; Isaiah 34:6; Jeremiah 12:12; Jeremiah 47:6 etc., — so Deuteronomy 28:22, but read חֹרֶב see below I. חרב (compare on other hand 1 Samuel 17:47); note especially Genesis 3:24 ׳לַהַט החהַמִּתְהַמֶּכֶת; in poetry ׳לַהַכ ח Nahum 3:3, ׳בְּרַק ח Deuteronomy 32:41.

k.׳ח figurative of tongue Psalm 57:5; compare Psalm 59:8; figurative of violence war, etc., Genesis 27:40; in simile Proverbs 5:4 (of grievous end of dealings with strange women).

2 knife צֻרִים׳ח flint knives for use in circumcision Joshua 5:2,3(see We Skizzen iii, 166); Ezekiel 5:1,2חַדָּה תַּעַר׳ח הַגַּלָּבִים (according to Co use of sword as razor is significant).

3 of tools used in hewing stoneחַרְבְּךָ הֵנַפְתָּ עליה Exodus 20:25; ׳יִתֹּץ בח Ezekiel 26:9, according to most = tools, axes, 'steel' (Co ' Eisen '), but possibly swords as implement ready to hand; 2 Chronicles 34:6 Qr בְּחַרְבֹתֵיהֶם with their tools; read perhaps בְּחָרְבֹתֵיהֶם in their ruins, Be, who compare Psalm 109:10; see חָרְבָּה below II. חרב (ᵐ5ᵑ9 omit חרב).

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission. BibleSoft.com
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

חֶרֶב [in pause חָֽרֶב, with suffix חַרְבִּי, pl. חֲרָבוֹת, const. חַרְבּוֹת], f.

(1)  a sword [“as laying waste; others, as having the signification edge, comp. حرف, ܚܪܰܦ, to be sharp, acrid, whence حَرفُْ edge of a sword”]. (Arab. حَرْبُ, Syr. ܚܰܪܒܐܳ, whence Greek ἅρπη, see Bochart, Hieroz. ii. p. 760.) הִכָּה לְפִי ׃חרֶב to smite with the edge of the sword; to kill with the sword, Deuteronomy 13:16, 20:13 Joshua 6:21, 8:24 10:28.

(2) It is applied to other cutting instruments; e.g. a circumcising knife, Joshua 5:2, Joshua 5:3 a knife, or razor, Ezekiel 5:1 a graying tool, Exodus 20:25 an axe, Ezekiel 26:9. Poetically used of the curved tusks of the hippopotamus, Job 40:19.

(3) drought, Deuteronomy 28:22. [This meaning is not needed in this passage; so Thes.]

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List of Word Forms
בְּחֶ֖רֶב בְּחֶ֣רֶב בְּחֶ֥רֶב בְּחֶ֧רֶב בְּחַרְב֤וֹת בְּחַרְב֨וֹ בְּחַרְבְּךָ֥ בְּחַרְבִּ֖י בְּחַרְבוֹתָ֑ם בְּחַרְבוֹתָֽיו׃ בְּחַרְבוֹתָֽם׃ בְחַרְבְּךָ֖ בְחַרְבָּ֡ם בֶּחָ֑רֶב בֶּחָֽרֶב׃ בֶחָ֑רֶב בֶחָֽרֶב׃ בַּחֲרָב֖וֹת בַּחֶ֔רֶב בַּחֶ֖רֶב בַּחֶ֙רֶב֙ בַּחֶ֛רֶב בַּחֶ֜רֶב בַּחֶ֣רֶב בַּחֶ֣רֶב ׀ בַּחֶ֤רֶב בַּחֶ֥רֶב בַּחֶרֶב֩ בַחֶ֔רֶב בַחֶ֖רֶב בַחֶ֙רֶב֙ בַחֶ֛רֶב בַחֶ֤רֶב בָּהַר בהר בחרב בחרב׃ בחרבו בחרבות בחרבותיו׃ בחרבותם בחרבותם׃ בחרבי בחרבך בחרבם הֶחָ֑רֶב הֶחָֽרֶב׃ הַחֶ֔רֶב הַחֶ֖רֶב הַחֶ֗רֶב הַחֶ֙רֶב֙ הַחֶ֜רֶב הַחֶ֣רֶב הַחֶ֥רֶב החרב החרב׃ וְ֝חַרְבִּ֗י וְ֭חֶרֶב וְהַחֶ֖רֶב וְהַחֶ֗רֶב וְחֶ֖רֶב וְחֶ֗רֶב וְחֶ֙רֶב֙ וְחֶ֣רֶב וְחֶ֤רֶב וְחֶ֥רֶב וְחַרְבִּ֖י וְחַרְבּ֤וֹ וְחַרְבּ֥וֹ וְחַרְבּוֹ֙ וּבְחֶ֙רֶב֙ וּבְחַרְבּ֖וֹ וּבַחֶ֔רֶב וּבַחֶ֖רֶב וּבַחֶ֤רֶב וּבַחֶ֥רֶב ובחרב ובחרבו והחרב וחרב וחרבו וחרבי חֲ֭רָבוֹת חֲרָב֖וֹת חֲרָב֣וֹת חֶ֔רֶב חֶ֖רֶב חֶ֗רֶב חֶ֙רֶב֙ חֶ֚רֶב חֶ֛רֶב חֶ֜רֶב חֶ֠רֶב חֶ֡רֶב חֶ֣רֶב חֶ֤רֶב חֶ֤רֶב ׀ חֶ֥רֶב חֶ֭רֶב חֶרֶב֒ חֶרֶב֩ חֶרֶב֮ חַ֠רְבּוֹ חַ֭רְבָּם חַֽרְב֣וֹת חַרְבְּךָ֙ חַרְבְּךָ֛ חַרְבְּךָ֣ חַרְבְּךָ֣ ׀ חַרְבְּכֶ֛ם חַרְבְּכֶם֙ חַרְבִּ֑י חַרְבִּ֔י חַרְבִּ֖י חַרְבִּ֤י חַרְבִּ֧י חַרְבִּי֙ חַרְבֶּ֔ךָ חַרְבֶּֽךָ׃ חַרְבֹתֵיהֶ֛ם חַרְבֹתֵיהֶ֜ם חַרְבּ֑וֹ חַרְבּ֔וֹ חַרְבּ֖וֹ חַרְבּ֗וֹ חַרְבּ֛וֹ חַרְבּ֣וֹ חַרְבּ֥וֹ חַרְבּֽוֹ׃ חַרְבּוֹ֙ חַרְבוֹתָ֜ם חַרְבוֹתָם֙ חָ֑רֶב חָֽרֶב׃ חרב חרב׃ חרבו חרבו׃ חרבות חרבותם חרבי חרבך חרבך׃ חרבכם חרבם חרבתיהם כְּחֶ֣רֶב כְּחֶ֥רֶב כַחֶ֣רֶב כחרב לֶחָֽרֶב לֶחָֽרֶב׃ לַֽחֲרָב֔וֹת לַחֶ֔רֶב לַחֶ֖רֶב לַחֶ֗רֶב לַחֶ֙רֶב֙ לַחֶ֣רֶב לַחֶ֥רֶב לַחֶ֧רֶב לחרב לחרב׃ לחרבות מֵ֭חֶרֶב מֵחֶ֔רֶב מֵחֶ֖רֶב מֵחֶ֗רֶב מֵחֶ֣רֶב מֵחֶ֥רֶב מחרב ba·ḥă·rā·ḇō·wṯ bā·har ba·ḥe·reḇ ḇa·ḥe·reḇ bacharaVot baCherev bahar bāhar baḥărāḇōwṯ baḥereḇ ḇaḥereḇ be·ḥā·reḇ ḇe·ḥā·reḇ ḇə·ḥar·bām bə·ḥar·bə·ḵā ḇə·ḥar·bə·ḵā bə·ḥar·bî bə·ḥar·ḇō·w·ṯām bə·ḥar·ḇō·w·ṯāw bə·ḥar·ḇō·wṯ bə·ḥar·ḇōw bə·ḥe·reḇ becharbeCha becharBi beCharev becharVo becharVot becharvoTam becharvoTav beCherev ḇəḥarbām bəḥarbəḵā ḇəḥarbəḵā bəḥarbî bəḥarḇōw bəḥarḇōwṯ bəḥarḇōwṯām bəḥarḇōwṯāw beḥāreḇ ḇeḥāreḇ bəḥereḇ chaCherev CharaVot charbeCha charbeChem charBi charBo Charbom Charev charVot charvoTam charvoteiHem Cherev ha·ḥe·reḇ ḥă·rā·ḇō·wṯ ḥā·reḇ haCherev haḥereḇ ḥar·bām ḥar·be·ḵā ḥar·bə·ḵā ḥar·bə·ḵem ḥar·bî ḥar·ḇō·ṯê·hem ḥar·ḇō·w·ṯām ḥar·ḇō·wṯ ḥar·bōw ḥărāḇōwṯ ḥarbām ḥarbeḵā ḥarbəḵā ḥarbəḵem ḥarbî ḥarḇōṯêhem ḥarbōw ḥarḇōwṯ ḥarḇōwṯām ḥāreḇ he·ḥā·reḇ ḥe·reḇ heCharev heḥāreḇ ḥereḇ ḵa·ḥe·reḇ ḵaḥereḇ kə·ḥe·reḇ keCherev kəḥereḇ la·ḥă·rā·ḇō·wṯ la·ḥe·reḇ lacharaVot laCherev laḥărāḇōwṯ laḥereḇ le·ḥā·reḇ leCharev leḥāreḇ mê·ḥe·reḇ meCherev mêḥereḇ ū·ḇa·ḥe·reḇ ū·ḇə·ḥar·bōw ū·ḇə·ḥe·reḇ ūḇaḥereḇ ūḇəḥarbōw ūḇəḥereḇ uvaCherev uvecharBo uveCherev vaCherev vecharBam vecharbeCha vecharBi vecharBo veCharev veCherev vehaCherev wə·ha·ḥe·reḇ wə·ḥar·bî wə·ḥar·bōw wə·ḥe·reḇ wəhaḥereḇ wəḥarbî wəḥarbōw wəḥereḇ
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