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Bible Lexicons

Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary

Entry for Strong's #2976 - יָאַשׁ

Word Origin
a primitive root
Parts of Speech
Word Definition [ Brown-Drivers-Briggs | Strong ]
Brown-Driver-Briggs' Definition

1) to despair

1a) (Niphal) to be despaired, be desperate

1b) (Piel) to cause to despair

2) it is hopeless!

Greek Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 430 ‑ ἀνέχω (an‑ekh'‑om‑ahee);  447 ‑ ἀνίημι (an‑ee'‑ay‑mee);  2064 ‑ ἔρχομαι (er'‑khom‑ahee);  657 ‑ ἀποτάσσω (ap‑ot‑as'‑som‑ahee);  
Frequency Lists  [ Book | Word ]
Verse Results
KJV (6) NAS (6) HCS (6)
1 Samuel 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
1 Samuel 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
1 Samuel 1
Job 1
Ecclesiastes 1
Isaiah 1
Jeremiah 2
v-pc 1
v-pc 1
v-pc 1

Ancient Hebrew Lexicon Definitions

1021) sa (אסה ASh) AC: Press CO: Fire AB: Despair: The pictograph a represents strength. The s is a picture of teeth and imply pressing as one does with the teeth to chew food. Combined these pictures mean "a strong pressing down". A fire is made by firmly pressing a wooden rod down onto a wooden board and spinning the rod with a bow drill. Wood dust is generated from the two woods rubbing together and is heated by the friction creating a small ember in the dust. Small tinder is then placed on the ember and is blown ignited the tinder. (eng: ash - as the product of fire)

A) sa (אסה ASh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The pressing of wood together with a fire drill to produce fire through friction.

Nf) sa (אסה ASh) - Fire: [Hebrew and Aramaic] KJV (380): fire, burning, fiery, flaming, hot - Strongs: H784 (אֵשׁ), H785 (אֶשָּׁא)

Nf1) esa (אסהה AShH) - Fire: A fire as well as an offering made by fire. KJV (1): fire - Strongs: H800 (אֵשׁ)

jm) nfsa (אסהונ AShWN) - Furnace: [Aramaic only] KJV (10): furnace - Strongs: H861 (אַתּוּן)

B) ssa (אסהסה AShSh) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

bf) sisa (אסהיסה AShYSh) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H808 (אָשִׁישׁ)

bf1) esisa (אסהיסהה AShYShH) - Raisin Cake: Dried raisins, a food staple, were pressed into cakes. KJV (4): flagon - Strongs: H809 (אֲשִׁישָׁה)

E) asa (אסהא AShA) AC: Press CO: Foundation AB: Pressure: The firm pressing down on something.

om) asfa (אוסהא AWShA) - Foundation: The pressing down of the soil to form a firm and flat surface. [Aramaic only] KJV (3): foundation - Strongs: H787 (אשׁ)

H) esa (אסהה AShH) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?

em ) esia (איסהה AYShH) - Fire: A fire offering. KJV (65): offering - Strongs: H801 (אִשֶּׁה)

L) sai (יאסה YASh) AC: Press CO: ? AB: Despair: A strong pressing down on someone bringing despair or hopelessness.

V) sai (יאסה YASh) - Despair: A pressure of hopelessness. KJV (6): (vf: Niphal, Piel) despair, desperate, no hope - Strongs: H2976 (יָאַשׁ)

M) sia (איסה AYSh) AC: ? CO: Fire AB: ?: The charred wood after being burned in the fire.

jm) nfsia (איסהונ AYShWN) - Black: The black of night or the pupil of the eye. In the sense of charring from a fire. KJV (6): apple, obscure, black - Strongs: H380 (אִישׁוֹן)

N) isa (אסהי AShY) AC: ? CO: Pillar AB: ?: A strong pressing down on something.

df1) eifsa (אסהויה AShWYH) - Pil KJV (1): foundation - Strongs: H803 (אֲשׁוּיָה)

Adopted Roots:

AHL Definitions Copyright: ©1999-2019
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
Brown-Driver-Briggs Expanded Definition
 [יָאַשׁ] verb despair (not in

Qal) (Late Hebrew Hithpa`el despair of, יֵאוּשׁ desperation; Aramaic Pa`el יָאֵשׁ, etc., make despair (so ᵑ7 Ecclesiastes 2:20); Arabic despair) —

Niph`al Perfect וְנוֺאַש consecutive 1 Samuel 27:1; Participle נוֺאָשׁ Jeremiah 2:25 3t.; — despair, מִמֶּנִּי שָׁאוּל׳וְנ לְבַקְּשֵׁנִי 1 Samuel 27:1 and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me; participle desperate, despairing, of Job , Job 6:26; elsewhere נוֺאָ֑שׁ (following אמר) desperate! = there is no hope! Jeremiah 2:25; Jeremiah 18:12; Isaiah 57:10.

Pi`el Infinitive לְיַאֵשׁאֶתלִֿבִּי עַל כָּלהֶֿעָמָל Ecclesiastes 2:20 to make my heart despair, concerning all the toil.

יאֹשִׁיָּ֫הוּ, יאֹשִׁיָּה see below אשׁה above

Brown-Driver-Briggs Hebrew and English Lexicon, Unabridged, Electronic Database.
Copyright © 2002, 2003, 2006 by Biblesoft, Inc.
All rights reserved. Used by permission.
Gesenius' Hebrew and Chaldee Definition

יָאַשׁ unused in Kal. Arabic يَأَسَ and transp. اُيِسَ to despair, to be cast down in spirit.

Niphal id., followed by מִן to desist from any person on thing. 1 Samuel 27:1, וְנוֹאַשׁ מִמֶּנִּי שָׁאוּל לְבַקְּשֵׁנִי עוֹד “Saul will desist from me to seek me any more.” Part. נוֹאָשׁ void of hope, Job 6:26. Neutr. to be without hope, to be in vain, Isaiah 57:10; Jeremiah 2:25, 18:12.

Piel inf. יָאֵשׁ, followed by לִבּוֹ to give over to despair Ecclesiastes 2:20.

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List of Word Forms
וְנוֹאַ֨שׁ ונואש לְיַאֵ֣שׁ ליאש נֹאָֽשׁ׃ נאש׃ נוֹאָ֑שׁ נוֹאָ֔שׁ נואש lə·ya·’êš ləya’êš leyaEsh nō’āš nō·’āš nō·w·’āš noAsh nōw’āš venoAsh wə·nō·w·’aš wənōw’aš
Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, November 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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