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Old Testament Hebrew Lexical Dictionary
Strong's #6662 - צַדִּיק
1) just, lawful, righteous
1a) just, righteous (in government)
1b) just, right (in one’s cause)
1c) just, righteous (in conduct and character)
1d) righteous (as justified and vindicated by God)
1e) right, correct, lawful
Jeff Brenner, Ancient Hebrew Research Center Used by permission of the author.
(1) just, righteous (gerecht), used of a judge or king, who maintains the right and dispenses justice, 2 Samuel 23:3 hence used very often of God as being a just judge, Deuteronomy 32:4; Job 34:17; Jeremiah 12:1; Psalms 11:7, 119:137 both in punishing, 2 Chronicles 12:6; Ezra 9:15; Lamentations 1:18; Daniel 9:14 and in rewarding, Psalms 112:6, 129:4 145:17 Isaiah 24:16 (where God is called הַצַּדִּיק κατʼ ἐξοχήν); also, as fulfilling his promises, Nehemiah 9:8, וַתָּקֶם אֶת־דְּבָרֶיךָ בִּי צַדִּיק אַתָּה “and thou hast fulfilled thy words, because thou art righteous.” Verse 33 Isaiah 45:21.
(2) one who has a just cause (der Recht hat)
(a) in a forensic cause (opp. to רָשָׁע). Exodus 9:27, יְיָ הַצַּדִּיק וַאֲנִי וְעַמִּי הָֽרְשָׁעִים “Jehovah is just (his cause is just), I and my people (our cause) is unjust.” Exodus 23:8; Proverbs 18:17.
(b) in assertion, one who speaks what is right and true, whence adv. rightly, truly, Isaiah 41:26 (compare 43:9, where in the same context is אֱמֶת). Hence
(3) of a private person, just towards other men (Proverbs 29:7), obedient to the laws of God; hence upright (rechtlich), honest, virtuous, pious (all of which are comprehended by Cicero by the name of justitia, Offic. ii. 10, justitia, ex qua una virtute boni viri appellantur. De Fin. v. 23, justitia … cui adjuncta sunt pietas, bonitas, liberalitas, benignitas, comitas, quœque sunt generis ejusdem. Partit. xxii. extr. justitia erga deos religio, erga parentes pietas, vulgo autem bonitas, creditis in rebus fides, in moderatione animadvertendi lenitas, amicitia in benevolentia nominatur). Genesis 6:9, 7:1 Ps. 5:13 11:3 31:19 34:20 37:25 72:7 Job 12:4, 17:9. It is very often joined with תָּמִים, יָשָׁר, נָקִי, and very often opposed to רָשָׁע Proverbs 10:3, Proverbs 10:6, Proverbs 10:7, 11 Proverbs 10:11, 16 Proverbs 10:16, 30 Proverbs 10:30; Genesis 18:25, etc. Similarly also Cicero, locc. citt. The Hebrews ascribe to a just man, benignity and liberality, Psalms 37:21; Proverbs 12:10, 21:26 temperance and sobriety in eating, Proverbs 13:25, and in speaking, Proverbs 15:28 the love of truth, Proverbs 13:5 wisdom, Proverbs 9:9. Emphat. used of innocence from sin, Ecclesiastes 7:20, “there is not a just man upon earth who doeth good and never sins.” A little before, in verse 16, the words “be not too just … lest thou destroy thyself,” should apparently be understood of the admirer of his own virtue (צַדִּיק בְּעֵינָיו Job 32:1).- Isaiah 49:24, Alb. Schultens renders צַדִּיק the powerful warrior, as if it were the same as עָרִיץ verse 25 Isaiah 49:25 but שְׁבִי צַדִּיק is, prey just taken; see my observations on this in Germ. Trans. ed. ii.
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