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Bible Commentaries

E.W. Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes
Luke 20



Verse 1

it came to pass. AHebraism. See note on Luke 2:1.

on. Greek. en. App-104.

those days. Those last six days. See App-156.

taught = was teaching.

in. Greek. en. App-104. the temple = the temple courts. See note on Matthew 23:16.

preached the gospel = announced the glad tidings. Greek. euaggelizo. App-121. Almost peculiar to Luke and Paul. Luke uses it twenty-five times and Paul twenty-four.

came upon. Implying suddenness and hostility. See Acts 4:1; Acts 6:12; Acts 23:27. Compare Mark 11:27.

with, Greek. sun. App-104. Not as in Luke 20:5.

Verse 2

unto. Greek. pro& App-104.

by. Greek. en. App-104.

what = what kind of; i.e. as Priest, Scribe, Prophet, Rabbi or what?

authority, Greek. exousia. App-172. Luke 20:2 in religious matters; Luke 20:22 in civil matters; Luke 20:33 in domestic matters.

Verse 3

I will also = I also will.

thing: or question. Greek. logos = word. See note on Mark 9:32.

Verse 4

baptism. App-115.

from. Greek. ek. App-104.

heaven. Singular. See note on Matthew 6:9, Matthew 6:10.

of = from, as above. men. Greek. anthropos. App-123.

Verse 5

reasoned. Greek. sullogizomai. Occurs only here. It implies close deliberation with one another.

with = among. Greek pros. App-104.

If, &c. Expresses a contingency. App-118.

believed. App-150.

not. Greek. ou. App-105. As in verses: Luke 20:26, Luke 20:38; not as in Luke 20:7.

Verse 6

will stone us = will stone us to death. Greek. katalithazo. Occurs only here.

they be persuaded = it [the people] has been firmly convinced. Implying long settled conviction. Greek. peitho. App-150.

Verse 7

could not tell = did not know. App-132.

not. Greek. me. App-105.

Verse 8

Jesus. App-98. Neither. Greek. oude.

Verse 9

Then began, &c. See Matthew 21:34, Matthew 21:46 and Mark 12:1-12. See notes there.

to. Greek. pros. App-104.

the people. But still in the hearing of the rulers.

vineyard. See Isaiah 5:1-7. Jeremiah 2:21. Ezekiel 15:1-6.

let it forth. See note on Matthew 21:33.

husbandmen: i.e. Israel.

went . . . far country = left the country. See note on Matthew 21:33.

Verse 10

at. Greek. en; but all the texts omit.

servant = bond-servant.

of = from. Greek. apo. App-104.

beat. This is supplementary, not contradictory to Matthew and Mark.

Verse 11

again he sent = he sent yet. Greek. "added to send". A Hebraism (Luke 19:11. Acts 12:3. Compare Genesis 4:2).

another = a different. Greek. heteros. App-124.:12 a. The 1611 edition of the Authorized Version reads "the".

Verse 12

wounded. Greek. traumatizo. Occurs only here and Acts 19:16. Compare Luke 10:34.

cast him out. See Luke 13:33, Luke 13:34 and Nehemiah 9:26. 1 Kings 22:24-27. 2 Chronicles 24:19-22. Acts 7:52. 1 Thessalonians 2:18. Hebrews 11:36, Hebrews 11:37.

Verse 13

the lord. Greek. ho Kurios. App-98. A.

What shall I do? Compare Genesis 1:26; Genesis 6:7.

beloved. Greek. agapetos. App-135.

it may be = surely. Greek. isos. Occurs only here; and only once in O.T. where it is Septuagint for Hebrew. "ak (1 Samuel 25:21).

reverence. See note on Matthew 21:37. see. App-133.

Verse 14

reasoned. Not the same word as in Luke 20:5. among. Same as "with"(Luke 20:5).

be = become.

Verse 15

out of = outside. Compare Hebrews 13:12, Hebrews 13:13. John 19:27.

Verse 16

He shall come = [Some answered] he, &c. Compare Matthew 21:41.

others = others (of the same kind); i.e. a new Israel, not a different Gentile nation, which would be heteros. App-124.

they said : i.e. others who heard it said.

God forbid = May it never be! Greek. me genoito. Hebrew. chalilah = the opposite of "Amen "(Genesis 44:7, Genesis 44:17. Joshua 22:29). Occurs only here in the Gospels, but ten times in Romans.

Verse 17

beheld = looked fixedly. Greek emblepo. App-133.

is written = has been written. See App-143.

The stone, &c. Quoted from Psalms 118:22. Compare Luke 19:38.

become = become into. Greek. eis. App-104.

Verse 18

broken = broken to pieces.

grind him to powder. See note on Matthew 21:44.

Verse 19

And, &c. Compare Matthew 22:15-22. Mark 12:13-17.

the same = in (Greek. en. App-104.) the same. See App-156.

on. Greek. epi. App-104.

perceived = got to know. Greek. ginosko. App-132. Not the same as in Luke 20:23.

against. Greek. pros. App-134.

against them. Compare Jeremiah 18:18.

Verse 20

watched. See on Luke 17:20. Compare Luke 6:7; Luke 14:1; Mark 3:2.

spies = secret agents. Greek enkathetos = Hers in wait. Joshua 8:14. Job 31:9. Occurs only here in N.T.

feign. Greek. hupokrinomai. App-122. Occurs only here in N.T.

just = righteous: i.e., here, honest.

words = discourse. Greek. Plural of logos. See note on Mark 9:32.

that so = to (Greek. eis. App-101.) the end that.

power = rule. The Roman power. Greek. arche. App-172.

the governor. Pilate. He alone had the rule as to life and death. So that it was the Lord"s life they had in view.

Verse 21

asked = questioned.

Master = Teacher. Greek. didaskalos. App-98. Luke 20:1.

we know. Greek. oida. App-132.

neither. Greek. ou. App-105.

acceptest. See Galatians 1:2, Galatians 1:6. James 2:1. It is a Hebraism. See Leviticus 19:15. Malachi 1:8.

God. Greek. theos. App-98.

truly = with (Greek. epi. App-104.) truth.

Verse 22

tribute. Greek. phoros = anything brought. Here the poll-tax, which was disputed by scrupulous legalists. Only here, Luke 23:2, and Romans 13:6, Romans 13:7.

no. Greek. ou. App-105.

Verse 23

perceived = discerned. Greek. katanoeo. Not the same word as in Luke 20:19.

craftiness = cunning. Greek. panourgia. Used only by Luke (here), and Paul (1 Corinthians 3:19. 2 Corinthians 4:2; 2 Corinthians 11:3. Ephesians 4:14).

Verse 24

Shew = Exhibit. Not the same word as in Luke 20:37.

penny. Greek. denarius. App-51.

Whose image, &c. ? See note on Matthew 22:20.

Verse 26

words. Greek. rhema. See note on Mark 9:32. at. Greek. epi. App-194.

Verse 27

Then came, &c. Compare Matthew 22:23-33. Mark 12:18-27.

Sadducees. See App-120.

deny . . . resurrection = say that there is no (App-105) resurrection (App-178.) This is the key to what follows.

Verse 28

Moses. See note on Luke 5:14. See Deuteronomy 23:4.

without children (Greek. ateknos) = children. Occurs only here and verses: Luke 20:29, Luke 20:30. raise up. App-178.:2. App-108.

Verse 32

the woman died also = the woman also died.

Verse 33

is = becomes. to wife = as wife.

Verse 34

children = sons. A Hebraism. App-108.

world = age. App-129. This age as distinguished from the age (or dispensation) that is to come, the age to which resurrection is the door of entrance.

are given, &c. Greek. ekgamiskomai. Occurs only here and Luke 20:35.

Verse 35

obtain = attain to.

the dead = dead people: i.e. leaving them for a subsequent resurrection. No Art. See App-139.

Verse 36

Neither, &c. For neither. Greek. outs. No more births, marriages, or deaths. 1 Corinthians 15:52. Revelation 21:4.

equal unto the angels. Greek isangelloi. Occurs only here.

Verse 37

Now = But. the dead = corpses. See App-139. are raised Greek. egeiro. App-178.

Moses shewed. Moses cited because his testimony

was in question (Luke 20:28).

shewed = disclosed. Greek. menuo, originally to disclose something before unknown. Occurs only here, John 11:57. Acts 23:30. 1 Corinthians 10:28.

at the bush = [in the Scripture) on (Greek. epi. App-104.) Referring to one of the Sections known by that name. See on 2 Samuel 1:18, "the Bow"; Ezek.

1, "the Chariot". Compare Romans 11:2, "Elijah". Quoted from Exodus 3:6.

the LORD = Jehovah. See App-98. B. b.

and. Note the Figure of speech Polysyndeton (App-6), for emphasis.

Verse 38

the dead = dead [people], as in Luke 20:35. App-139.

the living = living [people].

live. In resurrection. See note on Matthew 9:8.

unto = by. The Dative of the Agent, as in Luke 5:21, "by them"; 2 Corinthians 12:20, "by you"; Romans 10:20, "of (= by) them"; 2 Peter 3:14, "of (= by) Him"; 1 Timothy 3:16, "of (= by) angels".

Verse 40

not = not any more. Greek. ouketi. Compound of ou, App-105.

Verse 41

And He said, &c. Compare Matthew 22:41-46, and Mark 12:35-37.

Christ = the Messiah. App-98.

David"s son. See App-98.

Verse 42

David himself saith, &c. Considering that theLord spoke only what the Father gave Him to speak (Deuteronomy 18:18, Deuteronomy 18:19. John 7:16; John 8:28; John 12:49; John 14:10, John 14:24; John 17:8, John 17:14), it is perilously near blasphemyfor a modern critic to say: "nothing can be more mischievous . . . or more irreverent than to drag in the name of our Lord to support a particular view of Biblical criticism. "TheLord"s name is not "dragged in". It is He Who is speaking. It is He Who declares in the name of Jehovahthat "David himself wrote these words "in. the bookof Psalms". It is the denial of this that must "undermine faith in Christ". the book, &c. Quoted from Psalms 110:1.

The LORD = Jehovah. App-98.

Lord = Hebrew Adonai. App-98. on. Greek. ek. App-104.

Verse 43

make = set.

Thy footstool = as a footstool for Thy feet. See note on Matthew 22:44.

Verse 44

David therefore calleth Him Lord. According to the modern critics it was not David but some one else!

Lord. App-98.

Verse 45

in the audience of all the people = as all the people were listening.

Verse 46

Beware = Beware [and keep] from, &c.

desire. Greek. tltelo. App-102.

greetings = salutations. Compare Luke 11:43. See note on Matthew 23:7.

the highest = first, front, or chief.

synagogues. App-120.

chief rooms = best seats, or couches. See Luke 14:7.

at = in. Greek. en. App-104.

Verse 47

devour = swallow up.

show = pretext.

damnation = judgment, or condemnation. App-177. Compare Luke 10:14.


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Bibliography Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Luke 20:4". "E.W. Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.

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