Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Filthiness, Filthy

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A — 1: αἰσχρότης
(Strong's #151 — Noun Feminine — aischrotes — ahee-skhrot'-ace )

"baseness" (from aischos, "shame, disgrace"), is used in Ephesians 5:4 , of obscenity, all that is contrary to purity.

A — 2: ῥυπαρία
(Strong's #4507 — Noun Feminine — rhuparia — hroo-par-ee'-ah )

denotes "dirt, filth" (cp. No. 2, under FILTH), and is used metaphorically of moral "defilement" in James 1:21 .

A — 3: μολυσμός
(Strong's #3436 — Noun Masculine — molusmos — mol-oos-mos' )

"a soiling, defilement," is used in 2 Corinthians 7:1 . See DEFILEMENT.

A — 4: ἀσέλγεια
(Strong's #766 — Noun Feminine — aselgeia — as-elg'-i-a )

"wantonness, licentiousness, lasciviousness," is translated "filthy (conversation)," in 2 Peter 2:7 , AV; RV, "lascivious (life)." See LASCIVIOUSNESS , WANTONNES.

Notes: (1) Broadly speaking, aischrotes signifies "whatever is disgraceful;" rhuparia, "that which is characterized by moral impurity;" molusmos, "that which is defiling by soiling the clean;" aselgeia, "that which is an insolent disregard of decency." (2) In Colossians 3:8 aischrologia, which denotes any kind of "base utterance," the utterance of an uncontrolled tongue, is rendered "filthy communication" in the AV; but this is only part of what is included in the more comprehensive RV rendering, "shameful speaking." In the papyri writings the word is used of "abuse." In general it seems to have been associated more frequently with "foul" or "filthy," rather than abusive, "speaking" (Moulton and Milligan).

B — 1: αἰσχρός
(Strong's #150 — Adjective — aischros — ahee-skhros' )

"base, shameful" (akin to A, No. 1), is used of "base gain," "filthy (lucre)," Titus 1:11 , and translated "shame" in 1 Corinthians 11:6 , with reference to a woman with shorn hair; in 1 Corinthians 14:35 , of oral utterances of women in a church gathering (RV, "shameful"); in Ephesians 5:12 , of mentioning the base and bestial practices of those who live lascivious lives. See SHAME.

B — 2: αἰσχροκερδής
(Strong's #146 — Adjective — aischrokerdes — ahee-skhrok-er-dace' )

"greedy of base gain" (No. 1, and kerdos, "gain"), is used in 1 Timothy 3:8; Titus 1:7 , "greedy of filthy lucre;" some mss. have it also in 1 Timothy 3:3 .

B — 3: ῥυπαρός
(Strong's #4508 — Adjective — rhuparos — rhoo-par-os' )

akin to A, No. 2 (see also FILTH , No. 2), "dirty," is said of shabby clothing, James 2:2 : metaphorically, of moral "defilement," Revelation 22:11 (in the best mss.).

Note: For akathartos see UNCLEAN , No. 1.

C — 1: αἰσχροκερδῶς
(Strong's #147 — Adverb — aischrokerdos — ahee-skhrok-er-doce' )

"eagerness for base gain" (akin to B, No. 2), is used in 1 Peter 5:2 , "for filthy lucre."

D — 1: ῥυπόω
(Strong's #4510 — Verb — rhupaino — rhoo-po'-o )

"to make filthy, defile" (from A, No. 2), is used in the Passive Voice, in an ethical sense, in Revelation 22:11 (cp. B, No. 3, in the same verse), "let him be made filthy," RV. The tense (the aorist) marks the decisiveness of that which is decreed. Some texts have rhupareuomai, here, with the same meaning; some have rhupoo, in the Middle Voice, "to make oneself filthy."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Filthiness, Filthy'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. 1940.

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