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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Shame

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A — 1: ἀτιμία

(Strong's #819 — Noun Feminine — atimia — at-ee-mee'-ah )

signifies (a) "shame, disgrace," Romans 1:26 , "vile (passions)," RV, lit., "(passions) of shame;" 1 Corinthians 11:14; (b) "dishonor," e.g. 2 Timothy 2:20 , where the idea of disgrace of "shame" does not attach to the use of the word; the meaning is that while in a great house some vessels are designed for purposes of honor, others have no particular honor (time) attached to their use (the prefix a simply negatives the idea of honor). See DISHONOR.

A — 2: αἰσχύνη

(Strong's #152 — Noun Feminine — aischune — ahee-skhoo'-nay )

See ASHAMED , B, No. 1.

:
(Strong's # — — — )

1 Corinthians 6:5; 15:34 . See ASHAMED , B, No. 2.

A — 4: ἀσχημοσύνη

(Strong's #808 — Noun Feminine — aschemosune — as-kay-mos-oo'-nay )

denotes (a) "unseemliness," Romans 1:27 , RV (AV, "that which is unseemly"); (b) "shame, nakedness," Revelation 16:15 , a euphemism for No. 2.

B — 1: αἰσχρός

(Strong's #150 — Adjective — aischros — ahee-skhros' )

"base, shameful" (akin to aischos, "shame"), of that which is opposed to modesty or purity, is translated as a noun in 1 Corinthians 11:6; 14:35 , AV (RV, "shameful"); Ephesians 5:12; in Titus 1:11 , "filthy (lucre)," lit., "shameful (gain)." See FILTHY.

C — 1: ἀτιμάζω

(Strong's #818 — Verb — atimazo — at-im-ad'-zo )

"to dishonor, put to shame" (akin to A, No. 1): see DISHONOR , C, No. 1.

C — 2: ἐντρέπω

(Strong's #1788 — Verb — entrepo — en-trep'-o )

lit., "to turn in upon, to put to shame" (akin to A, No. 3), is translated "to shame (you)" in 1 Corinthians 4:14 . See ASHAMED , A, No. 4.

C — 3: καταισχύνω

(Strong's #2617 — Verb — kataischuno — kat-ahee-skhoo'-no )

"to put to shame" (kata, perhaps signifying "utterly"), is translated "ye ... shame (them)" in 1 Corinthians 11:22 , AV, RV, "ye ... put (them) to shame." See ASHAMED , A, No. 3.

C — 4: παραδειγματίζω

(Strong's #3856 — Verb — paradeigmatizo — par-ad-igue-mat-id'-zo )

signifies "to set forth as an example" (para, "beside," deiknumi, "to show"), and is used in Hebrews 6:6 of those Jews, who, though attracted to, and closely associated with, the Christian faith, without having experienced more than a tasting of the heavenly gift and partaking of the Holy Ghost (not actually receiving Him), were tempted to apostatize to Judaism, and, thereby crucifying the Son of God a second time, would "put Him to an open shame." So were criminals exposed. In the Sept., Numbers 25:4; Jeremiah 13:22; Ezekiel 28:17 .

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These files are public domain.

Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Shame'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/s/shame.html. 1940.

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