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Bible Dictionaries

Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Lie

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A — 1: ψεῦδος

(Strong's #5579 — Noun Neuter — pseudos — psyoo'-dos )

"a falsehood, lie" (see also under LIAR), is translated "lie" in John 8:44 (lit., "the lie"); Romans 1:25 , where it stands by metonymy for an idol, as, e.g., in Isaiah 44:20; Jeremiah 10:14; 13:25; Amos 2:4 (plural); 2 Thessalonians 2:11 , with special reference to the lie of 2 Thessalonians 2:4 , that man is God (cp. Genesis 3:5 ); 1 John 2:21,27; Revelation 21:27; 22:15; in Ephesians 4:25 , AV "lying," RV, "falsehood," the practice; in Revelation 14:5 , RV, "lie." (some mss. have dolos, "guile," AV); 2 Thessalonians 2:9 , where "lying wonders" is, lit., "wonders of falsehood," i.e., wonders calculated to deceive (cp. Revelation 13:13-15 ), the purpose being to deceive people into the acknowledgement of the spurious claim to deity on the part of the Man of Sin.

Note: In Romans 1:25 the "lie" or idol is the outcome of pagan religion; in 1 John 2:21,22 the "lie" is the denial that Jesus is the Christ; in 2 Thessalonians 2:11 the "lie" is the claim of the Man of Sin.

A — 2: ψεῦσμα

(Strong's #5582 — Noun Neuter — pseusma — psyoos'-mah )

"a falsehood," or "an acted lie," Romans 3:7 , where "my lie" is not idolatry, but either the universal false attitude of man toward God or that with which his detractors charged the Apostle; the former seems to be the meaning.

B — 1: ψευδολόγος

(Strong's #5573 — Adjective — pseudologos — psyoo-dol-og'-os )

denotes "speaking falsely" (pseudes, "false," logos, "a word") in 1 Timothy 4:2 , where the adjective is translated "that speak lies," RV (AV, "speaking lies") and is applied to "demons," the actual utterances being by their human agents.

B — 2: ἀψευδής

(Strong's #893 — Adjective — apseudes — aps-yoo-dace' )

denotes "free from falsehood" (a, negative, pseudes, "false"), truthful, Titus 1:2 , of God, "who cannot lie."

C — 1: ψεύδομαι

(Strong's #5574 — Verb — pseudo — psyoo'-dom-ahee )

"to deceive by lies" (always in the Middle Voice in the NT), is used (a) absolutely, in Matthew 5:11 , "falsely," lit., "lying" (AV, marg.); Romans 9:1; 2 Corinthians 11:31; Galatians 1:20; Colossians 3:9 (where the verb is followed by the preposition eis, "to"); 1 Timothy 2:7; Hebrews 6:18; James 3:14 (where it is followed by the preposition kata, "against"); 1 John 1:6; Revelation 3:9; (b) transitively, with a direct object (without a preposition following), Acts 5:3 (with the accusative case), "to lie to (the Holy Ghost)," RV marg., "deceive;" Acts 5:4 (with the dative case) "thou hast (not) lied (unto men, but unto God)."

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Lie'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/l/lie.html. 1940.

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