Bible Lexicons

Old & New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary

Strong's #599 - ἀποθνήσκω

Transliteration
apothnḗskō
Phonetics
ap-oth-nace'-ko
Origin
from (G575) and (G2348)
Parts of Speech
Verb
TDNT
3:7,312
Definition
Thayer's
  1. to die
    1. of the natural death of man
    2. of the violent death of man or animals
    3. to perish by means of something
    4. of trees which dry up, of seeds which rot when planted
    5. of eternal death, to be subject to eternal misery in hell
Hebrew Equivalent Words:
Strong #: 1478 ‑ גָּוַע (gaw‑vah');  3772 ‑ כָּרַת (kaw‑rath');  4191 ‑ מוּת (mooth);  5647 ‑ עָבַד (aw‑bad');  7901 ‑ שָׁכַב (shaw‑kab');  
Frequency Lists  
  1. Book
  2. Word
  3. Parsing
KJV (121)
Matthew
6
Mark
10
Luke
13
John
30
Acts
4
Romans
24
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
6
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
7
Jude
1
Revelation
6
NAS (112)
Matthew
5
Mark
8
Luke
10
John
28
Acts
4
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
7
1 Peter
1
Jude
1
Revelation
6
HCS (111)
Matthew
5
Mark
8
Luke
10
John
28
Acts
4
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
7
Jude
1
Revelation
6
BSB (111)
Matthew
5
Mark
8
Luke
10
John
28
Acts
4
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
7
Jude
1
Revelation
6
ESV (91)
Matthew
3
Mark
4
Luke
4
John
22
Acts
4
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
5
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
6
Revelation
6
WEB (115)
Matthew
5
Mark
10
Luke
13
John
27
Acts
4
Romans
23
1 Corinthians
7
2 Corinthians
6
Galatians
2
Philippians
1
Colossians
2
1 Thessalonians
2
Hebrews
6
Jude
1
Revelation
6
Verse Results
Liddell-Scott-Jones Definitions

ἀποθνήσκω,

fut. -θᾰνοῦμαι, Ion. -θανέομαι or -εῦμαι Hdt. 3.143, 7.134: strengthd. for θνῄσκω,

I die, Hom. (v. infr.), Pi. O. 1.27, and once in Trag. (E. Fr. 578.6); in Com. and Prose the usual form of the pres.; σεῦ ἀποτεθνηῶτος Il. 22.432; ἀποθνῄσκων περὶ φασγάνῳ Od. 11.424; βόες δ' ἀποτέθνασαν ἤδη 12.393; ἐκ τῶν τρωμάτων Hdt. 2.63; ὑπὸ λιμοῦ Th. 1.126: c. dat., βρόμῳ κεραυνοῦ Pi.l.c.; νόσῳ Th. 8.84: c. acc. cogn., θάνατον ἀ. X. Mem. 4.8.3, etc.; εἰς ἕτερον ζῆν ἀ. Pl. Ax. 365d; to be ready to die, of laughter, etc., Ar. Ach. 15; ἀ. τῷ δέει Arist. MM 1191a35.

II serving as Pass. of ἀποκτείνω, to be put to death, slain, ὑπό τινος Hdt. 1.137, 7.154; esp. by judicial sentence, ἀποθανεῖν ὑπὸ τῆς πόλεως Lycurg. 93, cf. Pl. Ap. 29d, 32d,al., Arist. Rh. 1397a30 (v.l.).

III renounce, νόμῳ Galatians 2:19; ἀπό τινος Colossians 2:20.

Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament

ἀπο -θνήσκω ,

[in LXX chiefly for H4191;]

to die: of natural death, Mark 5:35, al.; of violent death (pass. of ἀποκτείνω ), esp. of Christ, Matthew 26:35, John 12:33, Hebrews 10:28, al.; of spiritual death, John 6:50, Romans 8:13, al.; c. dat. ref., Romans 6:2; Romans 6:10; Romans 14:7-8, Galatians 2:19; acc, , Romans 6:10; seq. ἐν , Matthew 8:32, John 8:21; John 8:24, 1 Corinthians 15:22, Hebrews 11:37, Revelation 14:13; seq. ὑπέρ , περί , John 11:50-51; John 18:14, Romans 5:6-8; Romans 14:15, 1 Corinthians 15:3, 2 Corinthians 5:15, 1 Thessalonians 5:10, 1 Peter 3:18; ἀπὸ , Colossians 2:20; ἐκ , Revelation 8:11; fig., 1 Corinthians 15:31 (cf. συν -αποθνήσκω , and v. Milligan, NTD, 258 f.; DCG, i, 791b; Cremer, 286; MM, s.v.; on the perfective force of this verb, M, Pr., 112, 114; and on the distinction bet. pres. and aor., ib. 113 f.).


Abbott-Smith Manual Greek Lexicon of the New Testament.
Copyright © 1922 by G. Abbott-Smith, D.D., D.C.L.. T & T Clarke, London.
Vocabulary of the Greek NT

On the reason why the perfect of this verb was τέθνηκα, not ἀποτέθνηκα, see Proleg. p. 114. Marcus Aurelius, it is true, uses ἀποτέθνηκα, a natural result of levelling when the simplex had become obsolete; but the editor of P Iand 9.5 (ii/A.D.) is not thereby justified in restoring ἀπο ]τε ̣θ ̣νῶτ [ο ̣ς. No other part of the simplex survives, and no other compound. An interesting instance of the word occurs in P Par 47.7 ff. (c. B.C. 153) (= Selections, p. 22) οἱ παρὰ σὲ θεοὶ. . . ὅτι ἐνβέβληκαν ὑμᾶς εἰς ὕλην μεγάλην καὶ οὗ δυνάμεθα ἀποθανεῖν, ";your gods (are false) because they have cast us into a great forest, where we may possibly die."; As a parallel to the Pauline usage in 1 Corinthians 15:31 may be noted the touching letter P Giss I. 17.9 (time of Hadrian), where a slave writes to her absent master, ἀποθνήσκομεν ὅτι οὐ βλέπομέν σε καθ᾽ ἡμέραν. The use of the present tense justifies one more citation, BGU IV. 1024iv. 9 (iv/v A.D.), where a ἡγεμών, passing sentence of death on a man who had disinterred a corpse, says he is less than a beast, καὶ γὰρ τὰ θηρία [τ ]οῖς μὲν ἀνθρώποις πρόσισιν, τῶν δὲ [ ]ποθνησκόντων φίδοντα [ι ]. Here the meaning is ";spare them when they die"; : the pres. is frequentative, as in Hebrews 7:8 or Revelation 14:13. The MGr is ἀποθαίνω (or πεθαίνω etc.).

 

The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament.
Copyright © 1914, 1929, 1930 by James Hope Moulton and George Milligan. Hodder and Stoughton, London.
Derivative Copyright © 2015 by Allan Loder.
List of Word Forms
απέθανε απέθανέ απεθανεν απέθανεν ἀπέθανεν απεθανετε απεθάνετε ἀπεθάνετε απεθανομεν απεθάνομεν ἀπεθάνομεν απεθανον απεθάνον απέθανον ἀπέθανον απεθάνωμεν απέθνησκε απεθνησκεν απέθνησκεν ἀπέθνησκεν ἀπέθνῃσκεν αποθανειν αποθανείν ἀποθανεῖν αποθανείς αποθανεισθε αποθανείσθε ἀποθανεῖσθε αποθανειται αποθανείται ἀποθανεῖται αποθανέτω αποθανη αποθανή αποθάνη ἀποθάνῃ αποθάνης αποθάνητε αποθάνοι αποθανοντα αποθανόντα ἀποθανόντα αποθανόντας αποθανοντες αποθανόντες ἀποθανόντες αποθανοντι αποθανόντι ἀποθανόντι αποθανοντος αποθανόντος ἀποθανόντος αποθανόντων αποθανούμαι αποθανούμεθα αποθανούνται αποθάνω αποθανωμεν αποθάνωμεν ἀποθάνωμεν αποθανων αποθανών ἀποθανών ἀποθανὼν αποθάνωσι αποθάνωσιν αποθνήξεσθε αποθνησκει αποθνήσκει ἀποθνήσκει ἀποθνῄσκει αποθνησκειν αποθνήσκειν ἀποθνήσκειν ἀποθνῄσκειν αποθνήσκεις αποθνήσκετε αποθνησκέτω αποθνησκομεν αποθνήσκομεν ἀποθνήσκομεν ἀποθνῄσκομεν αποθνήσκον αποθνήσκοντας αποθνησκοντες αποθνήσκοντες ἀποθνήσκοντες ἀποθνῄσκοντες αποθνήσκοντος αποθνησκουσιν αποθνήσκουσιν ἀποθνήσκουσιν ἀποθνῄσκουσιν αποθνησκω αποθνήσκω ἀποθνήσκω ἀποθνῄσκω αποθνησκωμεν αποθνήσκωμεν ἀποθνήσκωμεν ἀποθνῄσκωμεν αποθνησκων αποθνήσκων ἀποθνήσκων ἀποθνῄσκων αποικεσίαν αποικεσίας αποικεσιών αποικία αποικίαν αποικίας αποικιεί αποικίσαι αποικισθέντας αποικισθέντος αποικίσθη αποικίσθησαν αποικισμόν αποικισμού αποκαθαίρονται αποκαθαρθέν αποκαθαρίσαι αποκαθάρωμαι αποκαθημένην αποκαθημένης απώκισα απώκισαν απώκισας απώκισε απώκισεν απωκίσθη απώκισται απώχοντο ἔπαθεν apethanen apéthanen apethanete apethánete apethanomen apethánomen apethanon apéthanon apethnesken apethnēsken apéthnesken apéthnēsken apothane apothanē apothánei apothánēi apothanein apothaneîn apothaneisthe apothaneîsthe apothaneitai apothaneîtai apothanomen apothanōmen apothánomen apothánōmen apothanon apothanōn apothanṓn apothanṑn apothanonta apothanónta apothanontes apothanóntes apothanonti apothanónti apothanontos apothanóntos apothneskei apothnēskei apothnḗskei apothneskein apothnēskein apothnḗskein apothnesko apothnēskō apothnḗsko apothnḗskō apothneskomen apothnēskomen apothnēskōmen apothnḗskomen apothnḗskōmen apothneskon apothnēskōn apothnḗskon apothnḗskōn apothneskontes apothnēskontes apothnḗskontes apothneskousin apothnēskousin apothnḗskousin epathen épathen
Old / New Testament Greek Lexical Dictionary developed by Jeff Garrison for StudyLight.org. Copyright 1999-2021. All Rights Reserved, Jeff Garrison, Gdansk, Poland.
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