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Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words

Perish

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1: ἀπόλλυμι

(Strong's #622 — Verb — apollumi — ap-ol'-loo-mee )

"to destroy," signifies, in the Middle Voice, "to perish," and is thus used (a) of things, e.g., Matthew 5:29,30; Luke 5:37; Acts 27:34 , RV, "perish" (in some texts pipto, "to fall," as AV); Hebrews 1:11; 2 Peter 3:6; Revelation 18:14 (2nd part), RV, "perished" (in some texts aperchomai, "to depart," as AV); (b) of persons, e.g., Matthew 8:25; John 3:15,16; 10:28; 17:12 , RV, "perished" (AV, "is lost"); Romans 2:12; 1 Corinthians 1:18 , lit., "the perishing," where the perfective force of the verb implies the completion of the process of destruction (Moulton, Proleg., p. 114); 1 Corinthians 8:11; 15:18; 2 Peter 3:9; Jude 1:11 . For the meaning of the word see DESTROY , No. 1.

2: συναπόλλυμι

(Strong's #4881 — Verb — sunapollumi — soon-ap-ol'-loo-mee )

in the Middle Voice, denotes "to perish together" (sun, "with," and No. 1), Hebrews 11:31 .

3: ἀποθνῄσκω

(Strong's #599 — Verb — apothnesko — ap-oth-nace'-ko )

"to die;" in Matthew 8:32 "perished," See DIE , No. 2.

4: ἀφανίζω

(Strong's #853 — Verb — aphanizo — af-an-id'-zo )

"to make unseen" (a, negative, phaino, "to cause to appear"), in the Passive Voice, is translated "perish" in Acts 13:41 (RV, marg., "vanish away"). See DISFIGURE.

5: διαφθείρω

(Strong's #1311 — Verb — diaphtheiro — dee-af-thi'-ro )

"to corrupt," is rendered "perish" in 2 Corinthians 4:16 , AV (RV, "is decaying"). See CORRUPT , No. 3, DECAY.

Notes: (1) In Acts 8:20 , "(thy money) perish" is a translation of a phrase, lit, "be unto destruction," apoleia; see DESTRUCTION , B, (II), No. 1. (2) In Colossians 2:22 , "to perish" is a translation of the phrase eis pthoran, lit., "unto corruption;" see CORRUPT , B, No. 1. (3) For "shall utterly perish," in 2 Peter 2:12 , AV, see CORRUPT , B, No. 1 (b).

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Bibliography Information
Vines, W. E., M. A. Entry for 'Perish'. Vine's Expository Dictionary of NT Words. https://www.studylight.org/dictionaries/eng/ved/p/perish.html. 1940.

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